|• Chairman||Rekha Jaiswal|
|Elevation||65 m (213 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Mughalsarai is a city and a municipal board in Chandauli district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Located around 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from Varanasi, it is an important railway junction of the Indian Railways. Once, it enjoyed the position of the largest railway marshalling yard of Asia. The Grand Chord section, which starts from Asansol, West Bengal, terminates at Mughalsarai.
Lal Bahadur Shastri, Prime Minister of India during 1964–65, was born in Mughalsarai.
Mughalsarai is bisected by GT Road in two parts. The northern part mainly consists of railway colonies like European Colony (Vasant Vihar),New Central Colony, Diesel Colony, Haper Colony, Loco Colony and Roza Colony, Plant-Dipot Colony. The southern part consists of residential areas like Galla Mandi, Eastern Bazar, Kasab Mohal, Western Bazar, New Mahal, Lot no. 2, Hanumanpur, Kali Mahal, Ravi Nagar, Patel Nagar, Kailashpuri, Parahupur and Pathra. The eastern part consists of railway colonies like the Indian institute colony (where the railway stadium is situated), Shashtri Colony, R.P.F. Colony, Manas Nagar Colony, Ram Mandir (where a very ancient temple of Lord Rama is situated) and Gaya Colony ( named after Gaya city of Bihar).
As per provisional data of 2011 census, Mughalsarai urban agglomeration had a population of 154,692, out of which males were 81,524 and females were 73,168. The literacy rate was 78.08 percent.
The state run UPSRTC Bus Service connects Mughalsarai to other nearby cities viz. Varanasi, Allahabad, Gaya, Patna, Mirzapur. The city is also connected to Major cities via the Railways network, and being a junction Mughalsarai connects rail lines coming from Allahabad and Varanasi regions in the west to Gaya and Patna regions in the east.
Mughalsarai is the one of the busiest railway stations of India and is mostly known for its largest marshalling railway yard of Asia.  There are about 16 railway colonies. The Mughalsarai Railway Division belongs to East Central Railway (ECR) Zone of the Indian Railway. About 125+ passenger trains pass from Mughalsarai Junction. The Divisional Rail Manager (DRM) office of Mughalsarai Division is situated here. At Mughalsarai Junction, two important railway lines meet: Main Line (Delhi–Kanpur–Allahabad–Patna–Gaya–Howrah) and Detour Line (Delhi–Moradabad–Bareilly–Lucknow–Varanasi–Gaya–Howrah).It is the second-busiest railway station in Uttar Pradesh handling over 400,000 passengers everyday. Every train passing has a stop here.
Varanasi City is 19 kilometres (12 mi) from the Mughalsarai Railway Station via GT Road. The Malviya Bridge (Lord Duffrin Bridge Double Deck Rail cum Road, built in 1888), in Kashi (Varanasi) is situated between Mughalsarai and Varanasi on the river Ganges.
Mughal Sarai is on National Highway No. 2, which is known as Grand Trunk Road made by the emperor Sher Shah Suri. Sher Shah Suri had named this road as Sadak-e-Azam. In ancient times this road was known as Uttarapath. Jarasandh adopted this very route to attack Mathura under the Kingship of Lord Krishna. Mughalsarai is located 667 kilometres (414 mi) far from Kolkata by road.
There is a small temple of Goddess Kaali (MA Kaali) near the station on GT Road and a Church located in European colony.The railway school of mughalsarai has Indian fighter Aircraft MiG-21, Retired from Indian Air Force, which was given by a Vice Air Chief Marshal (Research & Development wing Pune) of the Indian Air Force who is an ex-student of this school, as a token of respect to the former prime minister of India Lal Bahadur Shastri.
Chandhasi is the place often called Chandausi which is the largest coal market  located 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) far from Mughalsarai. It is also surrounded by Ram Nagar Industrial Area which has lots of cement industries,agro industries,sponge iron plants etc.
Mughalsarai has various schools and colleges affiliated to various universities and boards. CBSE affiliated Kendriya Vidyalaya, Sunbeam School Mughalsarai and East Central Railway Inter College (the oldest school of the town—it exists from British Raj and most important thing about it is the second prime minister, Lal Bahadur Shashtri had studied in this prestigious college), Nagar Palika Inter College Mughalsarai (U.P. Board) are the prime schooling institutions. While Graduate and Post Graduate Degree Colleges like Lal Bahadur Shastri College and Vikram Singh Kanya Mahavidyalay, Women PG College are affiliated to Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth, Varanasi (U.P), Laxmi Public School, S.G. Public School, Ambition Institute Of Technology and ISCE board school st Mary's convent school. Christujyothi Academy,GT Road Saraimira,Sarai Shah Mohammad, Kannauj Dt -209725
Mughalsarai has four sports grounds and one railway stadium, Loco Colony sports ground, ECR Inter College ground and famous indian institute colony football ground , Barclay club sports ground (the British time Club building)and many more.
Notable persons from the city
- Lal Bahadur Shastri – Second Prime Minister of India
- Giriraj Poddar - this is also home town of senior BJP leader of Madhya Pradesh
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mughalsarai.|
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- "Freight Sheds and Marshalling Yards FAQs". irfca data.
- "Coal Mandi, Chandausi". The Economic Times.