Muhamed Mehmedbašić

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Muhamed Mehmedbašić
Muhamed Mehmedbasic.jpg
Born 1886
Stolac, Condominium of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Austria-Hungary
Died 29 May 1943 (aged 56–57)
Sarajevo, Independent State of Croatia
Cause of death
Killed by Ustaše
Ethnicity Bosniak

Muhamed Mehmedbašić (1886 – 29 May 1943) was a Bosniak revolutionary and conspirator in the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.

Background[edit]

A member of Bosnia's Muslim nobility, Mehmedbašić joined the Young Bosnia secret society and in 1914 was chosen to assassinate General Oskar Potiorek, Governor of the Austrian provinces of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a poisoned dagger. After one failed attempt, Mehmedbašić was recruited by Danilo Ilić to join the plot to assassinate Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.[1]

On Sunday, 28 June 1914, the Archduke and his wife, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, arrived in Sarajevo by train. General Oskar Potiorek, Governor of the Austrian provinces of Bosnia and Herzegovina, was waiting to take the royal party to the City Hall for the official reception.

Six assassins lined the route. They were spaced out along the Appel Quay, each one had been instructed to try and kill Franz Ferdinand when the royal car reached his position. The first conspirator on the route to see the royal car was Muhammed Mehmedbašić. Standing by the Austro-Hungarian Bank, but Mehmedbašić did not take action. Mehmedbašić later said that a policeman was standing behind him and he feared he would be arrested before he had a chance to throw his bomb.

Later that day the Archduke and his wife were assassinated by Gavrilo Princip. Princip and Nedeljko Čabrinović were captured and interrogated by the police. They eventually gave the names of their fellow conspirators. Mehmedbašić managed to escape to Montenegro but Danilo Ilić, Veljko Čubrilović, Vaso Čubrilović, Cvjetko Popović and Miško Jovanović were arrested and charged with treason and murder. On 12 July, Mehmedbašić was apprehended by the Montenegrin authorities. However, before he was extradited he escaped from his prison in Nikšić two days later.[2] The Habsburg authorities suspected Montenegrin collusion in his escape and arrested the gendarmes who guarded Mehmedbašić.[2] During his captivity Mehmedbašić admitted his complicity in the assassination of Ferdinand.[2]

After the First World War Mehmedbašić returned to Sarajevo and in 1919 was pardoned for his role in the assassination. Muhamed Mehmedbašić was killed by the Ustaše on 29 May 1943, during the Second World War.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kantowicz, Edward R. (1999). The Rage of Nations. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 97. ISBN 0-8028-4455-3. 
  2. ^ a b c Treadway, John D. (1983). The Falcon and the Eagle: Montenegro and Austria-Hungary, 1908-1914. Purdue University Press. pp. 185–186. ISBN 1-55753-146-3. 
  3. ^ Kolaković, Juraj (1962). Historijski Pregled: časopis za nastavu historije. Zagreb: Savez Historijskij društava FNRJ. p. 91.