Muhammad Ali al-Amri

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Islamic scholar
Sheikh Muhammad Ali al-Amri
الشيخ محمد علي العامري
Title Shaykh
Born 1911
Era Modern
Region Medina, Saudi Arabia
Creed Twelver Shia Islam

Ayatollah Sheikh Muhammad Ali al-Amri (1911 – 24 January 2011) was a cleric, mujtahid and one of the most prominent religious scholars of the Nakhawila, the Twelver Shia Muslim community native to Medina, Saudi Arabia.

Early life[edit]

Al-Amri was born in a Nakhawila family in 1911 in the holy city of Medina. At the early age of 16, he travelled to the holy city of Najaf under the guidance of his father, Sheikh Ali bin Ahmad Al-Amri, in order to pursue further Islamic studies. In the precincts of the shrine of the Imam Ali, he studied under several notable scholars including: Sayyed Muhammad Baqir Al-Shakhs, Sheikh Muhammad Taqi Al-Faqih, Sheikh Hussain Al-Hilli and Sheikh Muhammad Jawad Mughniyeh.

Return to Saudi Arabia[edit]

Upon his return to Saudi Arabia, Al-Amri played a critical role in the religious education and social upliftment of its Shia community.

He was the first person to establish a Shia mosque in Medina in disguise and today that mosque has emerged as central worshiping place for Shia Muslims in Medina.

Al-Amri was the designated representative of several past and contemporary Marja' taqlid; from Grand Ayatollah Sayyid Ab al-Hasan al-Isfahani to Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani. He also had close association with Grand Ayatollahs Ruhollah Khomeini, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani and Ali Khamenei.

Death and children[edit]

He died in the early hours of 24 January 2011 in Medina.

His son Sheikh Kazim leads prayers in Medina mosque and other son Sheikh Faraj is stationed in the eastern province.