Muhammad Ibrahim Siddiqui
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (March 2012)|
|Maulana Muhammad Ibrahim Khushtar Siddiqui|
|Born||Muhammad Ibrahim Siddiqui
8 March 1930
West Bengal, India
|Died||9 June 2002
Port Louis, Mauritius
|Resting place||Vallee Pitot, Port Louis, Mauritius|
|Occupation||Missionary, Writer, Poet, Islamic teacher, Imam|
|Children||Masood Khushtar, Masooda Ramtoola, Soaida Siddiqui, Mohammad Khushtar, Suooda Khan, Ahmed Khushtar,|
|Sufism and Tariqa|
Muhammad Ibrahim Siddiqui was an Indian Islamic scholar who was born on 8 March 1930 in West Bengal and died on 9 June 2002 in Mauritius. He was particularly influential in Mauritius. His lineage can be traced directly to the first Caliph of Islam, Abu Bakr. He was married to Amtul Qadir, a descendant of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. Her lineage is traced from a male descendant of Moinuddin Chishti Ajmeri. They had three sons, three daughters and sixteen grandchildren, who reside in Manchester, England, and Mauritius.
In 1943, aged 13, he became a Hafiz (one who commits the entire Quran to memory). After completing his English Matriculation he became an accomplished scholar in Arabic, Persian and Urdu. He gained his theological degrees and diplomas in Bareilly and Allahabad in India, and in Lahore, Pakistan, where he received special blessings from Mohaddith-e-Aazam of Pakistan, and Sardar Ahmad, who also educated and trained him. Later he entered college and universities in the Indian sub-continent, eventually gaining the degree of Fazile Darse-Nizame and Fazile Mashriqiat (MA in Oriental Languages).
He also acquired knowledge at Darul Uloom Manzare Islam and Darul Uloom Mazhare Islam in Bareilly. After completing his studies of Hadith at Jaamia Razvia Mazhare Islam, in Faislabad, he obtained his qualification. He was the student of:
- Muhammad Hamid Raza Khan,
- Muhammad Mustafa Raza Khan,
- Muhammad Ibrahim Raza Khan (Jilani-Miyan),
- Muhammad Sardar Ahmed Qadiri Razvi,
- Taqaddus Ali Khan Qadiri Razvi
- Shamsul Haq Shams.
He was a poet, orator, writer, philosopher, social worker, councilor and an author of a number of books.
His appointments in the Islamic field include: Principal of the Madrassa Azhar-ul-Uloom Educational Center in Lahore (Pakistan); Khateeb (lecturer) at the Memon Hanafi Masjid in Colombo; Imam of Jummah Mosque in Mauritius; Imaam and Khateeb of Nelson and North Manchester Jamia Mosque and Head of Islamic Affairs for Mauritius and United Kingdom.[vague]
Siddiqui landed in Mauritius for the first time on 2 January 1965 to work as an imam and lecturer at the Jummah Mosque after having officiated at the Memon Hanafi Mosque, Colombo, Sri Lanka. He founded the Sunni Razvi Academy on 28 April 1967 in order to serve the educational and spiritual needs of the local community. Its motto is: "come in to learn, go out to serve". Apart from celebrating Islamic events, it trains imams and teaches memorization of the Qur'an. It has branches throughout Mauritius and one in Bareilly Shareef, India.
Through the establishment of the Sunni Razvi Society, Siddiqui introduced the Islamic revivalist Ahmed Raza Khan, Sayyiduna Abdul Qadir Jilani and others.
Siddiqui has composed and sung in praise of Mauritius, especially when it gained independence and its status as a republic.
Many leaders including the then Governor-general, Sir Leonard Williams and Sir Raman Osman, former Prime Minister of Mauritius Seewoosagur Ramgoolam, Anerood Jugnauth, A. Pasooraman (Minister Of Education, Arts and Culture) were friends of Siddiqui.
In 1972, Siddiqui departed Mauritius for Britain, and in his farewell message to the people of Mauritius he said, "On this moment of departure, I must earnestly appeal to you al to live in harmony and peace, to become torch-bearers of peace to this divided world or ours, and to work hard for the welfare of this picturesque country. Before ending I take this opportunity to express my warmest thanks to everyone, to the Editors, the MBC/TV, the Police, the different institutions and last but not least, the Government of Mauritius for their entire and precious co-operation extended to me in carrying out my religious mission successfully here."
He began organizing continuous weekly Thursday Halqa Zikr at the Jummah Mosque. From September 1965 to the present date[when?], more than 1130 Monday weekly Halqa Zikr's have been performed amidst a large number of participants.
On 20 February 1983, Siddiqui laid the foundation stone on a large piece of land which had been donated by a faithful mureed (disciple). The first weekly Halqa Zikr occurred on 14 April 1983 under the patronage of Shiekh-ul-Tariqat in a little tent while ladies were seated in a van outside the tent after Asr salaat.
On 21 April 1983, the first Igyaraween Shareef took place after Asr, together with the second Qadiri Halqa Zikr. These events of Urs and Halqa Zikr have continued without any break and are now under the guidance of Siddiqui's eldest son, Masood.
The Municipality of Port Louis named a street after Siddiqui. He was the first to organize visits to shrines on beneficial and rewarding nights of Shab-e-Baraat. These still occur in Mauritius.
The Eid-e-Mawlid-un-Nabi celebration organized by Siddiqui has wide participation. For the 1967 celebration, the press reported that 50,000 people were present at Taher Bagh (Mauritius), a record captioned by one newspaper: "Maulana Khushtar makes history".
His brother Ayub Razvi, who served as Director of the organization, managed the affairs of the Society.
Eidgah and Zikr Manzil
Siddiqui believed that the responsibilities of an imam are not limited to mosques and the five daily prayers, but they also have to instigate other important Islamic religious and social activities. To offer Eid prayer in an eidgah (open-air mosque) is sunnah, (emulation of the way) of the Muslim Prophet Muhammad, who left the Masjid al-Nabawi, the first Muslim mosque in Medina, on Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ud-Adha to offer prayer in an open-air mosque, despite the benefits said to come from praying in the Masjid al-Nabawi. So when Siddiqui landed in Mauritius, he sought to follow this sunnah.
The Zikr Manzil and the eidgah stand on the slope of the mountain at Vallee Pitot on land donated to the Society by the Government of Mauritius. When the Society first started construction, it gained help from the non-Muslim community. For example the Sugar Factory of Belle Vue Mauricia sent bulldozers to level and landscape the mountain terraces.
A mosque, the Qadiri Razvi Central Mosque, with an imam's residence, has also been built within the precincts of the eidgah. Recently[when?] a Zikr Manzil was built, again within precincts of the eidgah complex. It also serves as a social hall for the celebration of the Eid Milan Party, which is attended every year by the Prime Ministers, Ministers, the Lord-Mayor of Port Louis, the Leader of the Opposition, ambassadors and other Mauritius dignitaries.
The Zikr Manzil has other major roles to play. Apart from Qadiriyya Halqa Zikr, it is a venue for the monthly Igyarween Shareef, the Urs Shareef, the Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi and other celebrations. It also houses a Madrassa, thus catering for the educational and spiritual welfare of pupils. Many Islamic performances are observed here. However, the Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi celebration continues to give the eidgah its primary importance.
Khilafat (Spiritual permission to a Sufi order)
- Obtained 1st Khilafat and Ijazat (1957) in the Qadiri Razvi Hamidi spiritual line from Hazrat Maulana Shah Muhammad Ibrahim Raza Khan Jilani Mian (eldest son of Hujjatul Islam) in 1957 in Karachi, Pakistan and managed the Darul Uloom Rehmania and Jaame Masjid Gukarkhan, as principal and Khateeb.
- Obtained 2nd Khilafat and Ijazat (1964) in all spiritual lines (through Hazrat Hujjatul Islam) from Hazrat Maulana Ejaaz Wali Khan Razvi on 3rd Jamadi-us Sani at Lahore, West Pakistan.
- Obtained 3rd Khilafat and Ijazat (1965) in Qadiri Razvi Nuri Mustafavia spiritual line from Mufti-e-Azam Hind Maulana Shah Muhammad Mustafa Raza Khan Qadiri Razvi Nuri in Bareilly Shareef, India
- Obtained 4th Khilafat and Ijazat (1973) in Qadiri Barakati Razvi spiritual line from Hazrat Shaikh Ziauddeen Qadiri Razvi in Madina on the occasion of his third Hajj.
- Obtained 5th Khilafat and Ijazat (1997) in all spiritual Lines (through Hazrat Hujjatul Islam) from Hazrat Maulana Taqaddus Ali Khan (son-in-law of Hujjatul Islam), teacher and Spiritual Guide (1987) in Karachi, Pakistan.