Muhammad Khan Junejo

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Muhammad Khan Junejo
محمد خان جوڻیجو
Prime Minister of Pakistan
In office
24 March 1985 – 29 May 1988
President Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
Preceded by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Succeeded by Benazir Bhutto
Minister of Defence
In office
24 March 1985 – 29 May 1988
Preceded by Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
Succeeded by Mahmoud Haroon (Acting)
Minister of the Interior
In office
10 April 1985 – 21 May 1985
Preceded by Sardar Khan Lodi
Succeeded by Muhammad Aslam Khan Khattak
Personal details
Born (1932-08-18)18 August 1932
Sindhri, Sind, Bombay Presidency, British India
(now in Sindh, Pakistan)
Died 16 March 1993(1993-03-16) (aged 60)
Islamabad, Pakistan
Political party Pakistan Muslim League

Muhammad Khan Junejo (Urdu: محمد خان جونیجو ), (Sindhi :محمد خان جوڻيجو); August 18, 1932 – March 16, 1993) was the tenth Prime Minister of Pakistan, and an influential Sindhi figure in Pakistan.

Early life[edit]

He was born on 18 August 1932 at Sindhri in Tharparkar of Sindh. He was born to a family of agricultural landowners, and as a result he went to Hastings, England, to study at the agricultural institute.[1]

Political career[edit]

Junejo's political career began shortly after graduating, when he was elected to Sanghar District council. He became a member of the Pakistan Muslim League and was then elected to the West Pakistan Provincial Assembly. Under Ayub Khan, Junejo served as the Minister for West Pakistan railways.[1]

In 1977 Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq declared martial law, while Junejo served in a series of minor government posts. Following the 1985 elections, in which candidates were unable to represent a political party, Zia appointed Junejo as his Prime Minister.[2] Zia assumed that Junejo would provide little opposition to Zia's programme; however Junejo began his term by pushing for the end of marial law and the re-introduction of political parties. Zia ended martial law in December 1985, less than a year after Junejo's appointment.[1]

It was shortly after the re-introduction of political parties that Junejo formed the element of the Pakistan Muslim League that became PML-J, following his death.[3]

Zia dismissed the Junejo government in 1988, following an investigation into the Ojhri Camp disaster, and its decision to sign the Geneva Accords on Afghanistan.[4]

Junejo lost his government seat in the 1988 elections. He was elected to the National Assembly in 1990 and remained head of the PML. He held these posts until his death three years later.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Ahmed Rashid (19 March 1993). "Obituary: Muhammad Khan Junejo". Retrieved 4 May 2013. 
  2. ^ Lyon 2008, pp. 93.
  3. ^ Lyon 2008, pp. 120.
  4. ^ Kamal Siddiqi (14 April 1998). "Ojhri disaster saw end of Junejo govt: Report". Indian Express. Retrieved 4 May 2013. 

Bibliography[edit]

Lyons, Peter (2008), Conflict between India and Pakistan: an encyclopedia, ABC-CLIO, ISBN 9781576077122 

Political offices
Preceded by
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Prime Minister of Pakistan
1985–1988
Succeeded by
Benazir Bhutto
Minister of Defence
1985–1988
Succeeded by
Mahmoud Haroon
Acting
Preceded by
Sardar Khan Lodi
Minister of the Interior
1985
Succeeded by
Muhammad Aslam Khan Khattak