Muhammad Khwandamir

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Muhammad Khwandamir
Born c. 1475
Herat, Khurasan (now in Afghanistan) [1]
Died 1534/37
buried in Delhi, India [1]
Era Medieval era
Region Islamic scholar

Ghiyāś ad-Dīn Muḥammad Khwāndamīr, Khvandamir, or Khondamir or Hondemir (Persian: غياث الدين محمد خواندامير‎) (1475–1534) was a Persian Islamic scholar[1] born in Herat, in 880 AH or 1475 CE,[2] a grandson and successor to noted historian Mirkhond.

Biography[edit]

Hondamir, like his grandfather, belonged to the Herat literary circle of Timurid vizier Mir Ali-Shir Navai. In 1527 the Moghul conqueror Babur invited Hondamir to India, where he lived and died. Hondamir edited and completed 7th and 8th volums of the general history composed by his grandfather, and approximately in 1500 composed an extract from it "Holaset el-ehbar".[3] Following the same pattern, in 1521 Hondamir composed for Ali-Shir Navai a three-volume general history entitled "Habib al-Siyar", and brought it to his time.[4] Another notable work was "Al-Destour Voser".[5] In the European languages, other works of Hondemir were not published.

Works[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ghiyas ad-Din Muhammad Khwandamir - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  2. ^ Elliot, H. M. (Henry Miers), Sir; John Dowson (1871). "24. Khulásatu-l Akhbár, of Khondamir". [[The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians. The Muhammadan Period]] (Vol 4.). London: Trübner & Co. p. 141.  Wikilink embedded in URL title (help).
  3. ^ Price D., Memoirs of the Principal Events of Mahommedan History, London, 1821, reprint General Books, 2010, ISBN 978-1-154-13938-9, (partial English translation)
  4. ^ Grigoriev, History of the Mongols from ancientest Times to Tamerlane, Composition by Hondemir, St. Petersburg, 1849 (translation)
  5. ^ Elliot, History of India, IV, 148-153