Muhammad Mustafa Al-A'zami
Muhammad Mustafa Al-A'zami (Arabic: محمد مصطفى الأعظمي) is a contemporary hadith scholar best known for his critical investigation of the theories of Ignác Goldziher, David Margoliouth, and Joseph Schacht.
Early life and Education
He was born in Mau, India in the early 1930s. Al-A'zami received his education successively at Darul Uloom Deoband (1952), Al-Azhar University (M.A., 1955), and the University of Cambridge (Ph.D., 1966). He is Professor Emeritus at King Saud University where he also chaired the department of Islamic Studies. Al-A'zami served as curator of the National Public Library of Qatar, Associate Professor at Umm al-Qura University, Visiting Scholar at the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor), Visiting Fellow at St Cross College, Oxford, King Faisal Visiting Professor for Islamic Studies at Princeton University, and Visiting Scholar at the University of Colorado at Boulder. He is also an Honorary Fellow in Islamic Studies at the University of Wales, Trinity Saint David.
In 1980, he was the recipient of the King Faisal International Award for Islamic Studies. Much of A'zami's work focused on the correction of perceived inadequacies of Western scholarship on hadith literature, especially on highlighting the fact that there was already intense literary activity on hadiths during the lifetime of the Muslim prophet Muhammad, at his encouragement.
- Arthur John Arberry, in his foreword to al-A'zami's doctoral thesis, wrote:
No doubt the most important field of research, relative to the study of Hadith, is the discovery, verification, and evaluation of the smaller collections of Traditions antedating the six canonical collections of al-Bukhari, Muslim, and the rest. In this field, Dr. Azami has done pioneer work of the highest value, and he has done it according to the exact standards of scholarship. The thesis which he presented, and for which Cambridge conferred on him the degree of Ph.D., is in my opinion one of the most exciting and original investigations in this field in modern times.
- Studies in Early Hadith Literature, His doctoral thesis at the University of Cambridge
- Hadith Methodology and Literature, a general introduction to the subject
- The History of the Qur'anic Text from Revelation to Compilation: A Comparative Study with the Old and New Testaments
- On Schacht's Origins of Muhammadan Jurisprudence
- Dirasat fi al-Hadith an-Nabawi
- Kuttab an-Nabi
- Manhaj an-Naqd 'ind al-Muhaddithin
- al-Muhaddithun min al-Yamamah
His forthcoming works include The Qur'anic Challenge: A Promise Fulfilled and The Isnad System: Its Origins and Authenticity.
- al-'Ilal of Ibn al-Madini
- Kitab at-Tamyiz of Imam Muslim
- Maghazi Rasulullah of Urwah ibn Zubayr
- Muwatta Imam Malik
- Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah
- Sunan ibn Majah
- Azami, M. M. (2003). The History of the Qur'anic Text from Revelation to Compilation: A Comparative Study with the Old and New Testaments. Leicester: UK Islamic Academy. ISBN 1-872531-66-0.
- Visiting and Honorary Staff, School of Theology, Religious Studies and Islamic Studies, Faculty of Humanities, Departments; University of Wales Trinity Saint David
- Herbert Berg, The Development of Exegesis in Early Islam: The Authenticity of Muslim Literature from the Formative Period. Routledge Studies in the Qur'an. Transferred to digital publishing in 2005. Routledge, 2013. ISBN 9781136115226
- Azami, M. M. (1992). Studies in Early Hadith Literature (3rd ed.). Burr Ridge: American Trust Publications. ISBN 0-89259-125-0.