Muhammad Mustafa Jauhar

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Muhammad Mustafa Jauhar
محمد مصطفٰی جوہر
Maulana Muhammad Mustafa Jauhar.jpg
Muhammad Mustafa Jauhar
Born 10 May 1895
Bihar, British India
Died 24 October 1985
Nationality Pakistan
Religion Shia Islam
Era Modern era
Region Islamic scholar
School Shia
Main interests Islamic law, Islamic philosophy and Quranic exegesis
Notable ideas Evolution of Islamic philosophy

Muhammad Mustafa Jauhar (Urdu: محمد مصطفٰی جوہر‎) (May 10, 1895 – October 24, 1985) was a Pakistani scholar, religious leader, public speaker, poet and philosopher. He wrote many books on different Uloom. He died on October 24, 1985.

Biography[edit]

Jauhar was born in Bihar, India. He was the eldest son of Hakeem Muhammad Muslim, who used to run his clinic[vague] in Bhagalpur during 1910, where Jauhar studied in an English School. Later he gained admission to Sultanul Madaris, and completed his education from Sultanul Madaris Lucknow in 1923.[1]

Madrassa Abbasia (Patna, British India)[edit]

Madrassa Abbasia was inaugurated in 1923 by Muhammad Baqir. Jauhar was appointed as its first Naib Mudarris-e-Alla on August 1925. He became Mudarris-e-Alla of the madrassa in January 1926. He called Abul Hassan to Patna and appointed him as the Naib Mudarris-e- Alla in the Madrassa. The owners did not pay a salary to the "mudarraseen" (the teachers in the madrassa) for 6 months. Then all of the teachers decided to resign and they submitted their combined resignation from the Madrassa in May 1940 during the summer vacation. Later the Madraassa Abbasia closed for ever.[citation needed]

Around 1945 he went to Kanpur and remained there until 1949 as Imam Jumma wal Jammaat for the Masjid of Patka Pur. During the partition of India most Muslims migrated from India to Pakistan but he remained in Kanpur until early 1949. After 1949 he moved to Hyderabad (Deccan) and later he migrated to Pakistan and settled in Karachi.[citation needed]

Karachi, Pakistan[edit]

In Karachi he arranged majalis (meetings) in the Chagla Compound Kharadar for four years during the holy month of Muharram. Due to the high demand for his majalis his speeches were translated into the Gujarati language and circulated in the Gujarati community. During his early days in Karachi, he did an Imamate in Khoja Masjid Kharadar and in Imambargah Martin Road. He also served as Mudarris e Alla for two years in the Jamia Imamia Nazim abad founded by Zafar Hassan Amrohavi.[citation needed] When he relocated to North Nazimabad he started delivering daily lectures on Qur'anic exegesis, Hadith, Islamic history, and other religious subjects after the prayers of Maghrabain, at his residence. He also offered solutions to complex religious and philosophical issues and answered queries concerning Islam and shariyah during these sittings. Scholars from the Sunni sect were also regular attendees at these gatherings.[citation needed] Dignitaries from all walks of life, such as Rasheed Turabi, Josh Malihabadi, Ali Husnain Shefta, Muhammad Ali Habib (Habib Bank), Ahmad Mirza Dehlavi, and Tehzeeb ul Hassan (Chief Engineer)[citation needed], also liked attending such gatherings.

Library[edit]

Raees-e-Azam of Hussain Ganj District Saewan Babu Yousaf Muhammad Ali created a personal library of thousands of books and reference materials.[citation needed] He was the only person who had 25 editions of Biharul anwar in the state of Behar. After his death his relatives gifted all these books to Jauhar. Now they are located in Jauhar's library at his home in Karachi.[citation needed]

English[edit]

Jauhar had a good command of the English language. Once, when he was afflicted with an itching skin disease, he felt that he could not remain ritually pure, so he restrained himself from studying the Quran and other religious books for some time. Instead he decided to read an English translation of Alif Laila. By the time he recovered from the disease he had already finished the book and strengthened his expertise in English.[1]

Poetry[edit]

In poetry he was considered an Ustad in the literary circles of Patna and other cities. During his stay in Patna many poets benefitted from him and made themselves his students.[citation needed]

Marital life[edit]

He married the daughter of Muhammad Kazim of Hussain Ganj. After her death he married her sister. They had a daughter. His second wife also died, so he married the daughter of Muhamamd Raza of Hussain Ganj, with whom he had two sons, Allama Talib Jauhari and Abul Qasim Jauhari.[citation needed]

Three of his grandsons, (sons of Talib Jauhari) Asad Jauhari, Riaz Jauhari and Amjad Jauhari also followed in his footprints. They received religious education from Islamic scholars in Iran and now actively preaching Islam.[citation needed]

Literary work[edit]

Study was the essence of Jauhari's life. He was considered an authority on Uloom-e-Falsafa o mantaq & Sufi metaphysics. He wrote many books, including:

  • Aqaid-e-Jaafria
  • Asool-e-Jaafria
  • Saboot-e-Khuda
  • Janab kay tareekhi khutba fidak ka tarjuma which is included in Seerat-e-Fatima Zahra by Agha Sultan Ahmad Mirza
  • Translation of AL Ghadeer (Volume 1)

Death[edit]

Jauhar died on 24 October 1985. His funeral was attended by thousands of mourners. He was buried in Sakhi Hussain graveyard.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Khursheed-e-Khawar by Hujjat-ul-Islam Maulana Saeed Akhtar from India... A biography of Ulema of India and Pakistan

External links[edit]