Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah

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Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah
The Fifth Sultan of Qutb Shahi dynasty
Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah portrait.JPG
Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah's portrait from the collection of the Smithsonian Institution
Reign 1580–1611
Born 1565
Birthplace Golkonda, Hyderabad, Mughal India
(now in Telangana State, India)
Died 11 January 1612
Place of death Daulat Khan-e-Ali Palace, Hyderabad, Mughal India
(now in Telangana State, India)
Predecessor Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah
Successor Sultan Muhammad Qutb Shah
Royal house Golconda fort
Father Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah

Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah (1580–1612 CE) (Urdu: محمد قلی قطب شاہ‎) was the fifth sultan of the Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golkonda and founded the city of Hyderabad, in South-central India and built its architectural centerpiece, the Charminar. He was an able administrator and his reign is considered one of the high points of the Qutb Shahi dynasty. Hyderabad was named after his beloved wife Bhagamati, who was bestowed the title Hyder Mahal by the sultan.[1] He ascended to the throne in 1580 at the age of 15 and ruled for 31 years.

Tomb of Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah in Hyderabad

Birth and early life[edit]

Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah was the third son of Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah Wali. He was an accomplished poet and wrote his poetry in Persian, Telugu and Urdu.[2] As the first author in the Urdu language he composed his verses in the Persian diwan style, and his poems consisted of verses relating to a single topic, gazal-i musalsal.[2] Muhammad Quli's Kulliyat comprised 1800 pages, over half were gazals, qasidas on one hundred pages, while the rest contained over 300 pages of matnawi and martiyas.[2]

Charminar in Hyderabad was built by Quli Qutub Shah

City of Hyderabad[edit]

Hyderabad was built on the southern bank of the Musi River in 1591. Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah called architects from Iran to lay out the city, which was built on a grid plan. Quli Qutb Shah built a city named Bhaganagar in 1591 CE, to honor his love for Bhagmati.[3] The city was built on the site of Chichlam, the native village of his wife, located 10 miles from Golconda Fort on the southern banks of the Musi Rver. Qutb Shah renamed the city as Hyderabad in memory of his wife's later name Hyder Mahal. There is another theory which states that Hyderabad was named as the City of Hyder (Brave) after the title of the Fourth Caliph Ali. Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah also constructed the Charminar, the most recognizable symbol of Hyderabad.

Patronage of literature[edit]

Quli Qutb Shah was a scholar of Arabic, Persian and Telugu languages. He wrote poetry in Urdu, Persian, and Telugu. His poetry has been compiled into a volume entitled "Kulliyat-e-Quli Qutub Shah." Muhammed Quli Qutub Shah had the distinction of being the first Saheb-e-dewan Urdu poet[4] and is credited with introducing a new sensibility into prevailing genres of Persian/Urdu poetry.

Preceded by
Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah
Qutb Shahi dynasty
1518–1687
Succeeded by
Sultan Muhammad Qutb Shah

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mir Ayoob Ali Khan, TNN (22 March 2010). "For Hyderabadis, Bhagmati is vital part of history". Times of India (Hyderabad). Retrieved 26 December 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Annemarie Schimmel, Classical Urdu Literature from the Beginning to Iqbāl, (Otto Harrassowitz, 1975), 143.
  3. ^ Syed Ali Asgar Bilgrami (1927). Landmarks of the Deccan - Archaelogical Remains in Hyderabad. Hyderabad: Asian Educational Services. p. 17. ISBN 8120605438. 
  4. ^ "Quli Qutub Shah remembered on his 400th death anniversary". The Siasat Daily. 14 January 2012. Retrieved 26 December 2013. 

References[edit]

  • Sangaychay Mala by Gajanan Pole
  • Prime Ministers of Qutubshhs by Sri Bhopal Rao
  • Luther, Narendra. Prince, Poet, Lover, Builder: Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, The Founder of Hyderabad
  • Books on Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah
  • Chopra, R.M., The Rise, Growth And Decline of Indo-Persian Literature, Iran Culture House, New Delhi, 2012.

External links[edit]