Muhammad Taqi Usmani

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Shaikhul Islam, Mufti
Muhammad Taqi Usmani
Title Mufti, Shaikhul Islam
Born 5 October 1943 (age 69)
Deoband, British India
Denomination Sunni
Jurisprudence Hanafi[1]
Movement Deobandi
Main interest(s) Shari'a, Hadith, Islamic finance, Tafsir, Sufism
Notable idea(s) Evolution of Islamic economics, Islamic banking
Alma mater Darul Uloom Karachi
Karachi University
Punjab University
Website www.muftitaqiusmani.com


Muhammad Taqi Usmani (Urdu: محمد تقی عثمانی‎, Muhammad Taqī ‘Usmāni, Arabic: ‘Uthmāni; born 1943) (also spelled Uthmani) is a Hanafi Islamic scholar from Pakistan. He served as a judge on the Federal Shariat Court of Pakistan from 1981 to 1982 and the Shariat Appellate Bench of the Supreme Court of Pakistan between 1982 and 2002. He is an expert in the fields of Islamic Jurisprudence (fiqh), economics and hadith. He also held a number of positions on the Shariah Boards of prestigious Islamic institutions, and is one of the most influential Islamic authors outside the Middle East.[2] He is the brother of Islamic scholars Muhammad Rafi Usmani, Muhammad Wali Razi, and Muhammad Razi Usmani, as well as of the Urdu poet Muhammad Zaki Kaifi.

Biography[edit]

Muhammad Taqi Usmani was born on 5 October 1943 in Deoband, a city in the Saharanpur district of Uttar Pradesh, India.[3]

In 1958, Usmani passed the Fazil-e-Arabi (Arabic language examination) with distinction, administered by the Punjab Board.[3] In 1959 he graduated from the `Alim course at Darul Uloom Karachi.[4][5] He then specialised in fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) under the guidance of his father,[6] the Grand Mufti of Pakistan and of Darul Uloom Karachi, Muhammad Shafi, receiving his Takhassus degree (equivalent to a PhD) in fiqh and ifta (issuance of Islamic legal opinions) from Darul Uloom Karachi in 1961, earning the title of Mufti. He graduated from the University of Karachi with a Bachelor of Arts in 1964, then received a Bachelor of Laws with distinction from the University of Karachi in 1967. He received a Master of Arts in Arabic literature, with distinction, from the University of Punjab in 1970.[5][7]

Usmani received ijaza to teach hadith from Islamic scholars including Muhammad Shafi, Idris Kandhalvi, Muhammad Tayyib, Saleemullah Khan, Rashid Ahmad Ludhianvi, Sahban Mahmud, Zafar Ahmad Usmani, Muhammad Zakariya Kandhalvi, Hasan al-Mahshat, and others.[6]

Usmani pioneered the concept of Islamic banking in Pakistan when he established the Meezan Bank. Usmani has authored a number of books in Arabic, Urdu, and English on Islamic topics in addition to a large number of articles on Islamic banking and finance published in a number of journals and magazines.[citation needed]

In March 2004, United Arab Emirates Vice President and Prime Minister Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum presented an award to Taqi Usmani in recognition of his lifetime service and achievement in Islamic finance during the annual International Islamic Finance Forum (IIFF) in Dubai.[citation needed]

In accordance with the tradition of the scholars of Deoband and recognising the importance of tasawwuf, Usmani's bay'ah was accepted by Abdul Hayy Arifi and Maseehullah Khan. Usmani is currently a mentor to numerous spiritual aspirants all over the world and delivers weekly lectures on self-improvement at Darul Uloom Karachi on Sundays between Asr Salaah and Maghrib Salaah. [1]

He currently teaches Sahih al-Bukhari, fiqh, and Islamic economics at Darul Uloom Karachi and is known for his Islahi Khutbat. He was a key member of a team of scholars which helped declare Ahmadis (Qadianis), as non-Muslims by Pakistan's National Assembly during the era of former Pakistani president, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, in the 1970s. During the presidency of General Zia ul Haq, he was instrumental in drafting laws pertaining to Hudood, Qisas, and Dayiat. He strongly opposed the Women's Protection Bill. According to him, it was designed to distract attention from issues such as flaws in the law enforcement system.[citation needed]

Positions[edit]

Positions currently holding[edit]

  • Vice President and Shaykh al-Hadith, Jamia Darul Uloom Karachi
  • Chairman, International Shariah Standard Council, Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions, Bahrain[8]
  • Permanent Member, Vice Chairman, International Islamic Fiqh Academy, Jeddah, organ of the OIC.[4]
  • Member, Islamic Fiqh Academy of Muslim World League, Makkah
  • Chairman, Centre for Islamic Economics, Pakistan (since 1991)

Positions held in the past[edit]

  • Judge, Shariat Appellate Bench, Supreme Court of Pakistan (1982 to May 2002)[9]
  • Judge, Federal Shariat Court of Pakistan (1980 to 1982)
  • Member, Syndicate University of Karachi (1985 to 1988)
  • Member, Board of Governors, International Islamic University Islamabad (1985 to 1989)
  • Member, International Institute of Islamic Economics (1985 to 1988)
  • Member, Council of Islamic Ideology (1977 to 1981)
  • Member, Board of Trustees, International Islamic University, Islamabad (2004 to 2007)
  • Member, Commission for Islamisation of Economy of Pakistan

Currently affiliated institutions[edit]

  • Chairman, Shariah Board, Central Bank of Bahrain
  • Chairman, Shariah Board, Abu Dhabi Islamic Bank, U.A.E.
  • Chairman, Shariah Board, Meezan Bank Ltd., Karachi, Pakistan
  • Chairman, Shariah Board, Dubai Bank, Dubai
  • Chairman, Shariah Board, International Islamic Rating Agency, Bahrain
  • Chairman, Shariah Board, Swiss Re-Takaful, Switzerland
  • Chairman, Shariah Board, Pak-Kuwait Takaful, Karachi
  • Chairman, Shariah Board, Pak-Qatar Takaful, Karachi
  • Chairman, Shariah Board, JS Investments Islamic Fund, Karachi
  • Chairman, Shariah Board, JS Islamic Pension Savings Fund
  • Chairman, Shariah Board, Arif Habib Investments – Pakistan International Element Islamic Fund, Karachi
  • Chairman, Independent Sharia Supervisory Council, Amana Bank, Sri Lanka
  • Chairman, Shariah Board, Maldives Islamic Bank
  • Chairman, Shariah Board, Guidance Residential,[10] United States
  • Member, Shariah Board, Arcapita Bank, Bahrain
  • Member, Shariah Board, Islamic Corporation for the Development of the Private Sector (ICD), an organ of IDB Jeddah

Previously affiliated institutions[edit]

  • Member, Shariah Board, Bank of Khyber, Peshawar
  • Chairman, Shariah Board, European Islamic Investment Bank, UK (affiliation ended Dec 2008)
  • Chairman, Shariah Board, Dow Jones Islamic Index, New York
  • Chairman, Shariah Board, Saudi American Bank, Jeddah.
  • Chairman, Shariah Board, Islamic House of Britain plc, UK
  • Chairman, Shariah Board, HSBC Amanah Finance, Dubai
  • Chairman, Shariah Board, Robert Fleming Oasis Fund, Luxemburg.
  • Chairman, Shariah Board, Citi Islamic Investment Bank, Bahrain.
  • Chairman, Shariah Board, Bank Islami, Karachi
  • Member, Higher Shariah Board, Al-Baraka Group, Jeddah.
  • Member, Shariah Board, Faysal Bank Ltd, Pakistan.
  • Member, Shariah Board, ABC Investment Bank, Bahrain.
  • Member, Shariah Board, Islamic Unit of United Bank of Kuwait, UK and USA

Publications[edit]

Books[edit]

English books[edit]

1. The Authority of Sunnah

2. The Rules of I'tikaf

3. What is Christianity?

4. Easy Good Deeds

5. Perform Salaah Correctly

6. The Language of the Friday Khutba

7. Discourse on the Islamic Way of Life

8. Sayings of Prophet Muhammad

9. The Legal Status of Following a Madhhab

10. Spiritual Discourses

11. Islamic Months

12. Radiant Prayers

13. Qur'anic Sciences

14. Islam and Modernism

15. Contemporary Fatawa

Arabic books[edit]

1. Ma Hia An Nasraniyya?

2. Nathrat Abarah Haul At Ta'limi Al Islami

3. Ahkamu Al Auraq An Naqdiyya

4. Buhooth Fi Qadaya Fiqhiyya Mu'asira

5. Ahkam uz Zibai’h

6. Takmila Fath al-Mulhim (6 volumes)

Urdu books[edit]

1. Tozeeh-ul-Quran (Aasan Tarjuma e Quran) (Urdu Translation of Quran e Majeed)

2. In'aamul Bari (Explanation/Commentary of Sahih ul Bukhari) (9 volumes, 3 published)

3. Asan Nakian (Easy Good Deeds)

4. Undulus Mein Chand Roz (A Few Days in Andalus)

5. Islam Aur Seasat-e-Hazra (Islam and Contemporary Politics)

6. Islam Aur Jidat Pasandi (Islam and Modernism)

7. Islahe Ma'ashara (Perfecting Society)

8. Islahi Mawa’iz (Discourses for Spiritual Perfection) (3 volumes)

9. Islahi Majalis (Discourses on Tasawwuf) (5 volumes)

10. Islahi Khutbat (Discourses on Individual Spiritual Perfection) (13 volumes)

11. Ihkami I'tikaf (The Rules of I'tikaf)

12. Islam Aur Jadeed Ma'eeshat Wa Tijarat (Islam and Modern Economics & Commerce)

13. Akabir Deoband Kya The? (The Significant Character of Scholars of Deoband)

14. Bible Se Qur'aan Tak (3 volumes)

15. Bible Kya Heh? (What is the Bible?)

16. Purnoor Dua'en (Radiant Prayers) (a collection of prayers for all occasions)

17. Tarashe (Excerpts from Islamic Works)

18. Taqleed Ki Shari'i Hasiat (The Legal Status of Following a Madhhab)

19. Jahan-e-Deda (Travelogue I)

20. Duniya Mere Aagaye (Travelogue II)

21. Hazrat Mu'awiyah (RA) Aur Tarikhi Haqa'iq (Hazrat Mu'awiyah (RA) and the Historical Facts)

22. Hujjiat Hadith (Authority of Hadith)

23. Huzur Ne Farmaya (Sayings of Prophet)

24. Hakimul Ummat Ke Siasi Afkar (Political Thoughts of Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi)

25. Dars-e-Tirmidhi (an explanation of the famous hadith collection, Sunan At Tirmidhi)

26. Deeni Madaris Ka Nisab Wa Nitham

27. Zikr-o-Fikr (a collection of articles written for Jang, a daily newspaper)

28. Zabat-e-Wiladat (Birth Control: Islamic Rulings)

29. Isayat Kya Hai? (What is Christianity?)

30. Ulum ul Qur'an (Qur'anic Sciences)

31. Idalat-e-Faisle (Court Rulings)

32. Fard Ke Islah (Individual Reform)

33. Fiqhi Maqalaat (Collection of Articles on Islamic Jurisprudence)

34. Ma'aasir Hadhrat Arifi (Sayings and Memories of Hadhrat Arifi)

35. Mere Walid, Mere Shaikh (My Father, My Shaikh)

36. Milkiat-e-Zamion Aur Uske Tahdid (Land Ownership and Its Limitations)

37. Nashri Taqreerain (Speeches Aired on Radio Pakistan)

38. Nuqoosh-e-Raftigan (Obituaries of Islamic Scholars and Other Dignitaries)

39. Nifaz-e-Shari'a Aur Uske Masaa'il (Establishment of Shari'a and Its Problems)

40. Namazein Sunnah Ke Mutabiq Parhe (Pray Salaah According to the Sunnah)

41. Hamare A'eli Masaa'il (Our Family Issues)

42. Hamara Ta'limi Nizam (Our Educational System)

43. Hamara Ma'ashi Nizam (Our Economic System)

44. Dastoor ul A'maal Baer-e-Talibeen-e-Islah (Instructions for Aspirants of Spiritual Improvement)

45. Murawwaja islami bankari

46. Gher soodi bankari

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jocelyne Cesari, Encyclopedia of Islam in the United States, p 23. ISBN 0313336253.("The Pakistani Hanafi scholar and judge Muhammad Taqi al-Deen Usmani...")
  2. ^ "Shaykh Taqi Usmani Profile". TheMuslim500.com. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Mr. Justice Maulana Muhammad Taqi Usmani". Federal Shariat Court, Pakistan. 
  4. ^ a b Brian Kettell, Introduction to Islamic Banking and Finance, p 28. ISBN 047097804X.
  5. ^ a b "Islamic Finance Scholars". IjaraLoans.com. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "Mufti Taqi Usmani". Albalagh. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  7. ^ Brian B. Kettell, Introduction to Islamic Banking and Finance, p 28. ISBN 1119990602
  8. ^ http://www.aaoifi.com/en/about-aaoifi/sharia-standards-board/ssb-committees/
  9. ^ Theodore Friend, Professor Philip Jenkins, Woman, Man, and God in Modern Islam, p 81. ISBN 0802866735
  10. ^ Guidance Residential

4. "Profile". Muhammad Taqi Usmani. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 

External links[edit]