Muhammad University of Islam

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Muhammad University of Islam
Established 1934
Type Private
Location Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.
Campus Urban
Website www.muichicago.org

Muhammad University of Islam (MUI) is a Nation of Islam-affiliated preschool to 12th Grade school in the South Shore area of Chicago, Illinois, United States, located next to Mosque Maryam.[1] Every major NOI mosque has a MUI. The schools are headed by the Nation of Islam's Ministry of Education, led by Dr. Larry Muhammad. Established in 1930, MUI is the first Islamic African-American school system in America.

As of 1990, 40% of the students are non-NOI Muslim.[2]

History[edit]

The University of Islam was established by Elijah Muhammad. The school was greatly supported by Clara Muhammad, the wife of Elijah Muhammad and other Mothers of the Nation of Islam,[3] in 1934 in Detroit, Michigan and was one of the original institutions of the organization. It was an elementary school which taught "mathematics, astronomy and the general knowledge of civilization."[4] Schools were established in many of the cities where the Nation of Islam had a presence. By 1974 there were 47 University of Islam schools across the country.[5]

Some scholars have called the University of Islam schools the nation's first attempts at homeschooling by black families.[6][7]

After his father's death in 1975, Warith Deen Muhammad transformed the Muhammad University of Islam into the Clara Muhammad Schools (or simply Mohammed Schools)[8][9][10][11] replacing the University of Islam founded by his father. The school system is "an association of approximately 75 elementary, secondary, and high schools throughout the United States and the Caribbean Islands." The schools have been described by Zakiyyah Muhammad of the American Educational Research Association as "models of Islamic education that are achieving commendable results".[12][13]

When Minister Louis Farrakhan re-established the Nation of Islam, he also re-established the organization's schools University of Islam.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mosque Maryam and The Nation of Islam National Center." Nation of Islam. Retrieved on February 26, 2009.
  2. ^ Evans, Kimberley D. "Life Lessons" Chicago Tribune. May 16, 1990. Style 12. Retrieved on January 11, 2012.
  3. ^ http://www.scms-alumniassoc.org
  4. ^ Claude Andrew Clegg II, An Original Man: The Life and Times of Elijah Muhammad, St. Martin's Griffin 1998 pg. 29
  5. ^ Karl Evanzz, The Messenger: The Rise and Fall of Elijah Muhammad Random House, 2001
  6. ^ Darlene Clark Hine, Black women in America Oxford University Press, 2005, page 110
  7. ^ Rosemary Skinner Keller, Rosemary Radford Ruether, Marie Cantlon, et al., Encyclopedia of Women and Religion in North America University of Indiana Press, 2006, pg. 746
  8. ^ Evolution of a Community, WDM Publications 1995 page 15
  9. ^ Lincoln, C. Eric. (1994)The Black Muslims in America, Third Edition, William B. (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans Publishing Company) page 274
  10. ^ 20th Anniversary of Mohammed Schools in Atlanta, Jan 20, 2000, Religious Diversity News http://www.pluralism.org/news/article.php?id=664 The Atlanta Journal and Constitution
  11. ^ Sister Clara Muhammad Schools website
  12. ^ Zakiyyah Muhammad, "Faith and Courage to Educate our Own", in Joyce Elaine King, Black Education: A Transformative Research and Action Agenda for the New Century, American Educational Research Association. Commission on Research in Black Education, Routledge, 2005, p. 264.
  13. ^ 20th Anniversary of Mohammed Schools in Atlanta, Jan 20, 2000, Religious Diversity News http://www.pluralism.org/news/article.php?id=664 The Atlanta Journal and Constitution
  14. ^ "History & Philosophy." University of Islam. Retrieved on February 26, 2009.

External links[edit]