Muhammad VIII al-Amin
|King of Tunisia|
|Reign||15 May 1943 - 25 July 1957|
as Pretender 30 September 1962
|Name in Arabic||الأمين باي بن محمد الحبيب|
|Father||Muhammad VI al-Habib|
|Born||September 4, 1881|
|Died||September 30, 1962
Tunis, Tunis Governorate
Muhammad VIII al-Amin (4 September 1881 – 30 September 1962) (Arabic: الأمين باي بن محمد الحبيب, al-ʾAmīn Bāy bin Muḥammad al-Ḥabīb) was the last bey of Tunisia (15 May 1943 and 20 March 1956). He was the first head of state (as king or bey) of independent Tunisia from 1956 until he was deposed in 1957. He was the son of Muhammad VI al-Habib, bey of Tunis.
Muhammad became bey after the Free French Forces deposed his cousin Muhammad VII al-Munsif on the accusation that he was a Vichy collaborator. He proclaimed the independence of Tunisia on 20 March 1956 and became King of Tunisia with the style of His Majesty. A monarchy did not meet the expectations of future president Habib Bourguiba, who replaced the Royal Guard at Carthage Palace with his own loyal soldiers. By his command all the telephone lines to the palace were cut and the king put under house arrest 15 July 1957, and on 25 July the Tunisian Constituent Assembly deposed the king.
Muhammad was moved to a government-watched residence at La Manouba, but was permitted to return to Tunis after his wife died. He never abdicated his throne rights. He died in Tunis and was buried at the Tomb of King Muhammad al-Amin. Muhammad was succeeded as head of the Husainid Dynasty and heir to the throne and titular king by Husain Bey.
- Martin Meredith. The State of Africa. — Free Press (London), 2005. — ISBN 978-0-7432-3222-7
Muhammad VII al-Munsif
|Bey of Tunis
Himself as King of Tunisia
Himself as Bey of Tunis
|King of Tunisia
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