Muhammad bin Fahd

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Muhammed bin Fahd
Governor of Eastern Province
In office 1985—2013
Predecessor Abdul Muhsin bin Abdullah Al Jiluwi Al Saud
Successor Saud bin Nayef
Monarch King Fahd
King Abdullah
Spouse Jawahir bint Nayef bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
Issue Turki
Khalid
Abdulaziz
Nouf
Nora
Mashael
Full name
Muhammed bin Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
House House of Saud
Father King Fahd
Mother Jawza bint Abdallah bin Abdul Rahman Al Abdul Rahman
Born 1950 (age 63–64)
Riyadh
Religion Islam

Muhammad bin Fahd (Arabic: الأمير محمد بن فهد بن عبدالعزيز ال سعود‎) (born 1950) is former governor of the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia and a member of House of Saud.

Early life and education[edit]

Muhammad bin Fahd was born in Riyadh in January 1950.[1] Muhammad is the eldest surviving son of King Fahd.[2] His mother is Jawza bint Abdallah bin Abdul Rahman Al Abdul Rahman.[3]

He was mentored by his uncles, late Prince Nayef and Prince Ahmed. Prince Muhammad went to Al Asimah elite school in Riyadh. Then, he attended the University of California at Santa Barbara. He received a bachelor’s degree in economics and political science.[4]

Career[edit]

Mohammed bin Fahd began his career as acting governor of the Eastern Province. Then, in early 1984, he became assistant minister of interior.[1] He also had business activities.[5]

In 1985, Prince Muhammed was appointed the governor of the Eastern Province and left his business to his younger brother Saud bin Fahd.[2][5] The province had been governed by the members of the Jiluwi family who are relatives of Al Sauds from the establishment of Saudi Arabia to his appointment. Therefore, in order to avoid any intra-famial dispute, King Fahd firstly appointed Prince Muhammed as acting governor while then governor Abdul Muhsin bin Abdullah Al Jiluwi was undergoing medical treatment.[6] Then, Prince Muhammed replaced him.[6]

In the midst of the Arab Spring in 2011, he arranged several meetings with local elders and community leaders in Qatif to encourage them to prevent young people from protesting.[7] The Prince Muhammad Prize for Scholastic Achievement and Prince Muhammad bin Fahd University in Al Khobar were both named in his honor. At the University of Dammam, there is also Prince Muhammed bin Fahd bin Abdulaziz Center for Research and Consultation Studies.[8]

Prince Muhammed relieved from his position as the governor of Eastern Province on 14 January 2013 as per his request for Prince Saud bin Nayef.[9] The reason for Prince Muhammad's removal was his limited success in ending the riots in the province.[10]

Other roles[edit]

Muhammed bin Fahd was one of the advisors at the Crown Prince Court. In other words, he was one of the advisors of late Crown Prince Nayef. The other two advisors of the Crown Prince were Mishaal bin Abdullah and Faisal bin Khalid.[11]

Business activity[edit]

Muhammed bin Fahd is a business partner of Al-Bilad Trading Company - a major conglomerate associated with construction and imports. Another of his companies managed telephone upgrade system in Saudi Arabia realized by Bell Canada/ Phillips of Holland.[12]

Influence[edit]

At the onset of the 2000s, Muhammed bin Fahd was not regarded as a viable condidate for the throne due to his reputation as a high-powered businessman grown wealthy on commissions and his playboy lifestyle.[13] However, later Muhammed bin Fahd, together with Bandar bin Sultan and Muhammad bin Nayef, is reported to be considered as a candidate for the throne when the line of succession passes to the grandsons of King Abdulaziz.[14] He was again mentioned as a possible contender after the death of Prince Nayef on 16 June 2012.[15]

Personal life[edit]

Prince Muhammad is married to late Nayef bin Abdulaziz's daughter, Jawahir bint Nayef.[16] They have three sons and three daughters: Turki; Khalid; Abdulaziz; Nouf; Nora and Mashael.[3]

His eldest son, Turki bin Muhammad, is chairman of TAALEM Educational Services Company and vice chairman of Prince Muhammad University (PMU).[17] He is also president of the Founding Committee of Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz College for the Visually Impaired.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sabri, Sharaf (2001). The house of Saud in commerce: A study of royal entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia.. New Delhi: I.S. Publications. ISBN 81-901254-0-0. 
  2. ^ a b "09RIYADH393". Guardiangate. 7 March 2009. Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Family Tree of Muhammad bin Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud". Datarabia. Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  4. ^ "Biography". Retrieved 19 May 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "About the Bin Laden family". PBS. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Peter J. Chelkowski; Robert J. Pranger (1988). Ideology and Power in the Middle East: Studies in Honor of George Lenczowski. Duke University Press. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  7. ^ Spindle, Bill (27 May 2011). "Saudi Protesters Step Back—for Now". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 3 June 2012. 
  8. ^ "Research centers". University of Dammam. Retrieved 15 September 2012. 
  9. ^ "Saudi king names new governor for restive oil region". Reuters (Jeddah). 14 January 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  10. ^ Kechichian, Joseph (16 January 2013). "Saudi’s Eastern Province post of grave importance". Gulf News. Retrieved 21 January 2013. 
  11. ^ "Hariri Discusses Regional Situations with Saudi Crown Prince". Naharnet. 15 November 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  12. ^ Kechichian, Joseph A. (2001). Succession in Saudi Arabia. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-312-23880-3. Retrieved 26 September 2010. 
  13. ^ Peterson, J. E. (Autumn 2001). "The Nature of Succession in the Gulf". Middle East Journal 55 (4): 580–601. Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  14. ^ Davidson, Christopher M. (21 February 2011). "Lords of the Realm". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
  15. ^ Lippman, Thomas W. (16 June 2012). "Saudi Arabia Moves Closer to A New Generation of Leaders". Al Monitor. Retrieved 17 June 2012. 
  16. ^ "10 Saudi Royals Who Could Become the Next Crown Prince". Riyadh Bureau. 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2013. 
  17. ^ a b "TAALEM Board of Directors hold fourth meeting on PMU Campus". Newstime Africa. 13 November 2011. Retrieved 18 May 2012.