Muhammad bin Nayef
|Muhammad bin Nayef|
|In office||5 November 2012 – present|
|Predecessor||Ahmed bin Abdulaziz|
|Muhammad bin Nayef bin Abdulaziz bin Abdul Rahman bin Faisal bin Turki bin Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Saud|
|House||House of Saud|
|Father||Nayef bin Abdulaziz Al Saud|
|Mother||Al Jawhara bint Abdulaziz bin Musaed bin Jiluwi Al Saud|
|Born||1959 (age 54–55)
Mohammad bin Nayef bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (Arabic: محمد بن نايف بن عبد العزيز آل سعود) (born 1959) is the Minister of Interior of Saudi Arabia, in office since 2012, and a member of the House of Saud. He is one of the potential contenders to the Saudi throne.
Early life and education
Prince Muhammad was born in Jeddah. However, there are different reports of Prince Muhammed's birth date. Stig Stensile gives his birth year as 1957, while official website of Saudi embassy at Washington, D.C., and Joseph A. Kéchichian reports his birth date as 1959 and 30 August 1959, respectively. He is the second eldest son and one of ten children of the late Prince Nayef. Prince Saud is his older brother. Their mother is Al Jawhara bint Abdulaziz bin Musaed Al Jiluwi who is a member of the Al Jiluwi branch of the House of Saud.
Muhammad bin Nayef was educated in the United States and received a bachelor of arts degree in political science in 1981. He attended the FBI's security courses from 1985 to 1988, and was trained at Scotland Yard's anti-terrorism units from 1992 to 1994.
Muhammad bin Nayef was appointed assistant minister of interior for security affairs in 1999 and had been a businessman before this appointment. He was widely credited for the success of the Ministry’s counter-terrorism program. He was, further, regarded as the architect of the government’s counter-insurgency program. He also served as the director of civil defense during his term as assistant minister. He was considered to be an effective assistant interior minister.
In 2004, he was appointed to the rank of minister, becoming number two in the ministry of interior. In October 2010, he warned U.S. Deputy National Security Adviser of the 2010 cargo plane bomb plot. After the appointment of Prince Ahmed bin Abdulaziz as interior minister upon the death of Prince Nayef in July 2012, Prince Muhammad became deputy interior minister.
On 5 November 2012, King Abdullah issued a royad decree and dismissed Ahmed bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, minister of interior, from his office and appointed Prince Muhammad, as minister. He became the tenth interior minister of Saudi Arabia. Prince Muhammad took oath of office in front of King Abdullah on 6 November 2012. His appointment was not regarded very positively by human rights activists due to Prince Mohammed's professional experience as a tough enforcer who prisoned thousands of suspected troublemakers in Saudi Arabia. However, he is regarded as less corrupt and less likely to personally abuse his power in comparison to other senior princes in his generation.
Prince Muhammad met with David Cameron, British premier, in January 2013. Then he met with U.S. president Barack Obama in Washington, D.C., on 14 January 2013. They discussed issues of security and regional developments.
In November 2009, King Abdullah appointed Muhammad as a member to the influential Supreme Economic Council of Saudi Arabia. This move was regarded as an approval of the increase of then-crown prince Nayef's power by King Abdullah. On the other hand, this appointment enables Prince Muhammed to extend his influence over government's economy policy.
Prince Bandar bin Sultan had been handling the Saudi government's affairs over the Syrian civil war, but he was replaced in early 2014 by Muhammad. Muhammad has been assisted in this effort by Prince Mutaib bin Abdullah, the head of the Saudi Arabian National Guard.
Iraqian Prime Minister Nuri Al-Maliki reportedly accused Saudi Arabia of playing negative role in Syria, Iraq and other countries, saying "They are attacking Iraq, through Syria and in a direct way, and they announced war on Iraq, as they announced it on Syria, and unfortunately it is on a sectarian and political basis." 
Muhammed bin Nayef, unlike most of the royal family, actively talks to the media. Concerning struggle against terrorism, he adopts a policy of the iron fist like his father, late Prince Nayef. He, and other decision-making elites, believe terrorism must be treated as a form of crime and fought with ruthless policing methods. Walid Jumblatt described Muhammed bin Nayef as the Saudi equivalent of General Ashraf Rifi, former director-general of Lebanon's Internal Security Forces.
Muhammed bin Nayef has been commended by Western intelligence agencies for Saudi Arabia's counterterrorism programs. He called for a "security channel" with the United States to facilitate information exchange. He firmly supported U.S. President Barack Obama in his opposition to the release of detainee interrogation photographs. He thought that Yemen was a "dangerous failed state" and becoming a serious threat to Saudi Arabia. He further believed that Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh was losing control. He suggested a strategy of directly working with Yemeni tribes, condemning terrorism.
He thought that establishing cooperation with Pakistan in regard to Afghanistan requires cooperating with Pakistan. He praised General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani as a "good man". He voiced his concerns concerning Iran’s nuclear program. He defers foreign policy issues to the King. After his appointment as interior minister, the U.S. diplomats argued he is "the most pro-American minister in the Saudi Cabinet".
The Economist describe Prince Muhammad as energetic and low-key, and states that he is one of the candidates for the throne when the line of succession passes to the grandsons of King Abdulaziz. He was also considered to be one of the possible contenders after his father's death in June 2012. In 2011, Michael Hayden reported that Prince Mohammad was the world's fifth most powerful defenders.
Muhammed bin Nayef escaped four assassination attempts unhurt. The third attempt was on 27 August 2009. Muhammed bin Nayef was slightly injured by Abdullah Hassan Al Aseery (Al Asiri), a suicide bomber linked to Al Qaida. Al Aseery spoke to the Muhammad bin Nayef a few days prior to the bombing and expressed a desire to turn himself in as part of the country's terrorist rehabilitation program. This was an apparent ploy to get admitted to the Prince's palace. Al Aseery is believed to have traveled to Jeddah from the Yemen's province, Marib. During Ramadan, Al Aseery waited in line at the Prince's Jeddah home as "well-wisher". He exploded a suicide bomb, killing himself, but only slightly injuring the Muhammed bin Nayef, who was protected from the full force of the blast by Al Aseery's body. Muhammad bin Nayef appeared on state television with a bandage around two of his fingers on his left hand. He stated, "I did not want him to be searched, but he surprised me by blowing himself up. However, this will only increase my determination to fight terrorism in the kingdom". In the attack, an explosive device hidden inside the body was used. These are commonly known as a surgically implanted improvised explosive device, or as a 'Body Cavity Bomb' (BCB).
This was the first assassination attempt against a royal family member since 2003, when Saudi Arabia faced a sharp uptick in Al Qaeda-linked attacks. The last assassination attempt against Prince Muhammed was in August 2010.
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Media related to Muhammad bin Nayef at Wikimedia Commons
Ahmed bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
|Minister of the Interior
2012 – present