Muhammad ibn Ibrahim Al ash-Sheikh

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Muhammad ibn Ibrahim Al ash-Sheikh (1893-1969) was the Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia, or highest religious authority in the country, from 1953 to his death in 1969.

Background[edit]

Muhammad ibn Ibrahim Al ash-Sheikh was born in 1893 to the noted family of Saudi religious scholars, the Al ash-Sheikh, descendants of Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab.[1]

Role as Grand Mufti[edit]

As Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia from 1953 to 1969,[2] he dominated Saudi religious policy in the 1950s and 1960s.[3][4] He died in 1969.[1]

He was also one of the most influential Sunni Muslim scholars of the 20th century.[3]

Other roles[edit]

He had served as President of the Constituent Council of the Muslim World League, thereby ensuring a Wahabi Muslim orientation for the organization's missionary activities.[4]

Family[edit]

He was the father of Ibrahim ibn Muhammad Al ash-Sheikh,[4] Saudi Minister of Justice from 1975 to 1990[5][6] and Abdullah ibn Muhammad Al ash-Sheikh,[7] Saudi Minister of Justice from 1993 to 2009.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Commins, David Dean (2006). The Wahhabi mission and Saudi Arabia. p. 210. ISBN 1-84511-080-3. 
  2. ^ Hatina, Meir (2008). Guardians of faith in modern times: ʻulamaʼ in the Middle East. p. 221. ISBN 978-90-04-16953-1. 
  3. ^ a b Amin, Camron Michael; Fortna, Benjamin C.; Frierson, Elizabeth Brown (2006). The modern Middle East: a sourcebook for history. p. 270. ISBN 978-0-19-926209-0.  He was one of King Faisal's closest advisers and had decisively intervened in the dispute between Faisal and King Saud, which led to the latter's abdication.
  4. ^ a b c Gold, Dore (2004). Hatred's kingdom: how Saudi Arabia supports the new global terrorism. p. 76,80–81. ISBN 978-0-89526-061-1. 
  5. ^ a b Baamir, Abdulrahman Yahya (2010). Shari'a Law in Commercial and Banking Arbitration. p. 29 (n. 87). ISBN 978-1-4094-0377-7. 
  6. ^ Long, David E. (1976). Saudi Arabia. p. 41. ISBN 0-8039-0660-9. ; Who's who in Saudi Arabia 1983-1984, Volume 3. Jeddah: Tihama. 1984. p. 32. 
  7. ^ "H.E Dr. Abdullah Bin Mohammed Bin Ibrahim Al-Sheikh". Majlis ash-Shura, Government of Saudi Arabia. Retrieved 15 July 2011. 
Religious titles
Preceded by
None
Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia
1953 –1969
Succeeded by
Abd al-Aziz ibn Abd Allah ibn Baaz