Muhammad ibn Ismail
Muhammad ibn Ismāʿīl was the son of Ismail ibn Jafar and an Ismāʿīlī Imam. The majority of Ismāʿīlī follow his descendants through his son Wafi Ahmad (Abdullah ibn Mohammad) who founded the Fatimid Empire, including the Nizari and Mustaali.
He was born on 12 th Rabi ' al- Awwal 128 AH/746 AD. The period of his Imamate was 45 years. He died on 11 th Shawwal 193 AH/27 July 809 AD in the region of Farghana.
He spent his early childhood under the protection of his grandfather Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq (as). He stayed in Medina for most of the time under disguise. Only the selected missionaries (da'is) and few loyal and faithful members knew about his identity. Abbasid caliph Haroon Rasheed was in constant search of him and he had deployed his detectives throughout the city of Medina. The wife of Haroon Rasheed, Zubaida, was loyal and devoted to the rank and status of Imam Mohammad ibn Ismāʿīl just like the wife of Fir'aun (Pharaoh) who was faithful and a believer of Moosa (Moses). Zubaida gave all the information to Mohammad ibn Ismāʿīl about the plans of Haroon Rasheed. It was because of her assistance and help that Imam Mohammad ibn Ismāʿīl remained alert and migrated to the city of Kufa with his brother 'Ali. He stayed there for a long time under disguise.
His father Imam Ismāʿīl (as) died during the lifetime of Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq (as). He was succeeded by his son Abdullah ibn Mohammad(Wafiahmed), who became the 8th Ismāʿīlī Imam. The 8th, 9th (Ahmed ibn Abdullah)and 10th (Husain ibn Ahmed) Ismaili Imams are believed to have gone into seclusion because of the constant threat of life from the Abbasid dynasty.
Imam of Nizari Ismailism
|Rank||Seventh Ismāʿīlī Imām|
|Given name||Muhammad ibn Ismail|
≈ 740 A.D.
≈ 813 A.D.
|Father||Ismail bin Jafar|
|Children||Wafi Ahmad (successor), Jafar, Ismail, Ali, Hussain, Abdullah, Yahya|
- MUHAMMAD BIN ISMAIL (158-197/775-813)
- Encyclopaedia Iranica, "ʿABDALLĀH B. MAYMŪN AL-QADDĀḤ"
- Öz, Mustafa, Mezhepler Tarihi ve Terimleri Sözlüğü (The History of madh'habs and its terminology dictionary), Ensar Yayıncılık, İstanbul, 2011. (Turkish) (Muhammed ibn Ismā‘īl ibn Jā’far disguised himself under the name of Maymūn’āl-Qaddāh or later used his trainer name. He had established the principles of the Batiniyya Madh'hab, later.)
- Öztürk, Yaşar Nuri, En-el Hak İsyanı (The Anal Haq Rebellion) – Hallâc-ı Mansûr (Darağacında Miraç - Miraç on Gallows), Vol 1, Yeni Boyut, Istanbul, 2011. (Turkish) (Chapter on Qarmatians says that Muhammad ibn Ismāʿīl disguised his true identity under the name of "Maymūn’āl-Qaddāh".)
Some of his ancestors, relatives and the tree of the Ismāʿīlī Shia Islam
Muhammad ibn Ismail
of the Ahl al-Bayt
Clan of the QuraishBorn: 122 AH ≈ 740 A.D. Died: 197 AH ≈ 813 A.D.
|Shia Islam titles|
Ismail ibn Jafar
|7th Imam of Ismailism
740 - 775
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