Muhammad ibn Ismail
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Muhammad ibn Ismāʿīl was the son of Ismail ibn Jafar and an Ismāʿīlī Imam. The majority of Ismāʿīlī follow his descendants through his son Wafi Ahmad (Abdullah ibn Mohammad). His descedants further founded the Fatimid Empire, also called the Nizari and Mustaali.
Muhammad was born on 12 th Rabi ' al- Awwal 128 AH/746 AD. His early childhood was spent under the protection of his grandfather Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq (as) in Medina. Throughout his time in Medina he wore a disguise to protect his identity with only selected missionaries and loyal members knew about his identity. The Abbasid Caliphate of the time, Harun al-Rashid, was investigating Muhammad's where abouts having forces deployed throughout Medina in search for him. It was thanks to Harun al-Rashid's wife, Rabaida and her loyalty to Mohammad ibn Ismāʿīl, that Muhammad was able to evade enemy forces and migrate to the city of Kufa. He remained in Kufa for an extended period of time and completed his Imamate which lasted 45 years. He died on 11 th Shawwal 193 AH/27 July 809 AD in the region of Farghana.
His father Imam Ismāʿīl (as) died during the lifetime of Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq (as). He was succeeded by his son Abdullah ibn Mohammad(Wafiahmed), who became the 8th Ismāʿīlī Imam. The 8th, 9th (Ahmed ibn Abdullah)and 10th (Husain ibn Ahmed) Ismaili Imams are believed to have gone into seclusion because of the constant threat of life from the Abbasid dynasty.
Imam of Nizari Ismailism
|Rank||Seventh Ismāʿīlī Imām|
|Given name||Muhammad ibn Ismail|
≈ 740 A.D.
≈ 813 A.D.
|Father||Ismail bin Jafar|
|Children||Wafi Ahmad (successor), Jafar, Ismail, Ali, Hussain, Abdullah, Yahya|
Some of his ancestors, relatives and the tree of the Ismāʿīlī Shia Islam
Muhammad ibn Ismail
of the Ahl al-Bayt
Clan of the QuraishBorn: 122 AH ≈ 740 A.D. Died: 197 AH ≈ 813 A.D.
|Shia Islam titles|
Ismail ibn Jafar
|7th Imam of Ismailism
740 - 775
- Öz, Mustafa, Mezhepler Tarihi ve Terimleri Sözlüğü (The History of madh'habs and its terminology dictionary), Ensar Yayıncılık, İstanbul, 2011. (Turkish) (Muhammed ibn Ismā‘īl ibn Jā’far disguised himself under the name of Maymūn’āl-Qaddāh or later used his trainer name. He had established the principles of the Batiniyya Madh'hab, later.)
- Öztürk, Yaşar Nuri, En-el Hak İsyanı (The Anal Haq Rebellion) – Hallâc-ı Mansûr (Darağacında Miraç - Miraç on Gallows), Vol 1, Yeni Boyut, Istanbul, 2011. (Turkish) (Chapter on Qarmatians says that Muhammad ibn Ismāʿīl disguised his true identity under the name of "Maymūn’āl-Qaddāh".)
- MUHAMMAD BIN ISMAIL (158-197/775-813)
- Encyclopaedia Iranica, "ʿABDALLĀH B. MAYMŪN AL-QADDĀḤ"
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