Muhammad ibn al Uthaymeen

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Muhammad ibn al-Uthaymin
Othimen.jpg
Born March 9, 1925
Unaizah, Saudi Arabia
Died January 5, 2001(2001-01-05) (aged 75)
Unaizah, Saudi Arabia
Resting place Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Nationality Saudi Arabian
Ethnicity Arab
Era 20th century
Region Arabian Peninsula
Denomination Sunni
Jurisprudence Hanbali
Creed Athari
Movement Salafism
Awards King Faisal International Prize for Service to Islam, February 8, 1994
Website www.ibnothaimeen.com

Sheikh Abu 'Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Saalih ibn Muhammad ibn al-Uthaymeen at-Tamimi (Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد بن صالح بن محمد بن سليمان بن عبد الرحمن العثيمين التميمي) (March 9, 1925 – January 10, 2001) was one of the most prominent Sunni Muslim Islamic scholars of his time.[1] Along with Abd al-Aziz ibn Baz, he was considered one of the two leading representatives of the conservative Saudi Arabian religious establishment.[2]

Biography[edit]

Al-Uthaymeen, as he was most known, was born in the city of Unayzah to a family in the Banu Tamim tribe, in the Al-Qassim Province of Saudi Arabia on 27th Ramadan 1347 AH (1925 CE). He received his religious education from a number of well known scholars such as 'Abd ar-Rahman ibn Naasir as-Saa'di, Muhammad Amin ash-Shanqeeti and Bin Baz.

Uthaymeen delivered lectures in the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca for over thirty-five years. Before his death, he taught at the Sharia Faculty of Imam Muhammad ibn Saud Islamic University's Qaseem branch.[3] He was also a member of the Council of Senior Scholars,[4] and was the imam and Khatib of the grand Mosque of Unayzah.

Uthaymeen died on Wednesday 15 Shawwal, 1421 AH (January 10, 2001 CE) at the age of seventy-five. He was buried in Mecca along with his peers among the scholars, including Abd-al-Aziz ibn Abd-Allah ibn Baaz.

Influence[edit]

Al-Uthaymin is still considered an influential cleric within the Salafist movement. Due to his eclectic approach of quoting from all various schools of law within Sunni Islam, readers are faced with a seemingly monolithic edifice of Islamist scholarship; while some of his views are without precedent, they are still considered definitive by many Salafists today, especially those in Egypt.[5]

Works[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Caryle Murphy (15 July 2010). "A Kingdom Divided". GlobalPost. Retrieved 6 May 2014. "First, there is the void created by the 1999 death of the elder Bin Baz and that of another senior scholar, Muhammad Salih al Uthaymin, two years later. Both were regarded as giants in conservative Salafi Islam and are still revered by its adherents. Since their passing, no one "has emerged with that degree of authority in the Saudi religious establishment," said David Dean Commins, history professor at Dickinson College and author of "The Wahhabi Mission and Saudi Arabia."" 
  2. ^ Preface of Shariʻa as Discourse: Legal Traditions and the Encounter with Europe, pg. xv. Eds. Jørgen S. Nielsen and Lisbet Christoffersen. Part of the Cultural Diversity and Law series. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing, 2010. ISBN 9781409497028
  3. ^ Muhammad Qasim Zaman, "Epilogue: Competing Conceptions of Religious Education." Taken from Schooling Islam: The Culture and Politics of Modern Muslim Education, pg. 267. Eds. Robert W. Hefner and Muhammad Qasim Zaman. Part of the Princeton Studies in Muslim Politics series. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007. ISBN 9780691129334
  4. ^ Mansoor Jassem Alshamsi, Islam and Political Reform in Saudi Arabia: The Quest for Political Change , pg. 55. Part of the Routledge Studies in Political Islam series. Taylor & Francis, 2010. ISBN 9780203961124
  5. ^ Richard Gauvain, Salafi Ritual Purity: In the Presence of God, pg. 173. Part of the Islamic Studies series. London: Routledge, 2012. ISBN 9781136446931

External links[edit]