Saadatullah Khan I
|Sa'adatullah Khan I|
|Nawab of Carnatic|
|Reign||1710 - 1732|
|Full name||Muhammad Sayyid Sa'adatullah Khan|
|Place of death||Arcot|
|Predecessor||Daud Khan Panni|
|Successor||Dost Ali Khan|
Mohammed Sayyid was the last mughal governor who was appointed as Nawab of Karnatic with the title Saadatullah Khan I and moved his capital from Gingee to Arcot. Like his predecessors, he also enjoyed control over all the territories of the Emperor, in the South. He also carried his contribution wars to the gates of Srirangapatnam and collected "peshkash" or tribute from its rulers.
In 1711, he started demanding the five villages granted in 1708 to the East India Company on the basis of insufficient grants. The English resisted and even prepared for a war. Saadatullah Khan demanded Egmore, Tondiarpet and Purasawalkam also. But the matter was settled amicably by the good offices of Sunkurama and Rayasam Papaiya, the Company's Chief Merchants.
After the death of Aurungazeb, due to the inability of his successor, the control of Delhi became weak. Having no children, Saadatullah Khan adopted his brother Ghulam Ali Khan's son Dost Ali Khan as his own and nominated him as successor. He had obtained the private consent of the Mughal Emperor for this step even without communicating his desire to the Nizam of Deccan.
Though the Nizam claimed supremacy over the Nawab, his control became very weak and he could not prevent the office of the Nawab from becoming hereditary and so he wisely restricted himself to claiming the right of giving his formal approval to their appointment. Thus Saadatullah Khan became a senior and independent ruler of the Carnatic extending from the River Godicame on the North to the borders of Travancore on the South and enclosed between the Eastern Ghats and the Sea.
Nawab Daud Khan
|Nawab of Carnatic
Dost Ali Khan
- Advanced Study in the History of Modern India 1707-1813 By Jaswant Lal Mehta. Sterling Publishers.
- Madras, Chennai: A 400-year Record of the First City of Modern India, Volume 1. Palaniappa Brothers.