Muhlenbergia

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"Muhly" redirects here. For the contemporary American composer, see Nico Muhly.
muhly
Muhlenbergia rigens form.jpg
Muhlenbergia rigens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Eragrostideae
Genus: Muhlenbergia
Schreb.
Type species
Muhlenbergia schreberi
J.F.Gmel.[1][2]
Synonyms[3]

Muhlenbergia is a genus of plants in the grass family.[4][5][6][7]

The genus is named in honor of the German-American amateur botanist Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg (1753-1815).[8] Many of the species are known by the common name muhly. The greatest number are native to the southwestern United States and Mexico, but there are also native species in Canada, Central and South America and in Asia.[8][9][10][11]

Species[3][12]
  1. Muhlenbergia aguascalientensis Y.Herrera & De la Cerda - Aguascalientes
  2. Muhlenbergia alamosae Vasey - Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Sonora, Sinaloa, Durango, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Mexico State, Morelos, Zacatecas
  3. Muhlenbergia andina (Nutt.) Hitchc. – Foxtail Muhly - western Canada, western USA
  4. Muhlenbergia angustata (J.Presl) Kunth - South America
  5. Muhlenbergia annua (Vasey) Swallen - Chihuahua, Sonora, Chiapas, Durango
  6. Muhlenbergia appressa C.O.Goodd. – Devil's Canyon Muhly - USA (CA AZ), Baja California, Baja California Sur
  7. Muhlenbergia arenacea (Buckley) Hitchc. - USA (CO NM TX AZ), Chihuahua, Sonora, Coahuila, San Luis Potosí, Zacatecas
  8. Muhlenbergia arenicola Buckley - USA (AZ NM TX OK KS CO), Mexico, Argentina
  9. Muhlenbergia argentea Vasey - Mexico
  10. Muhlenbergia arizonica Scribn. USA (NM AZ), Mexico
  11. Muhlenbergia arsenei Hitchc. - USA (CA NV UT AZ NM), Mexico
  12. Muhlenbergia articulata Scribn. - Mexico
  13. Muhlenbergia asperifolia (Nees & Meyen ex Trin.) Parodi – Scratchgrass - from Canada to Chile
  14. Muhlenbergia atacamensis Parodi - Argentina, Bolivia
  15. Muhlenbergia aurea Swallen - Guatemala
  16. Muhlenbergia biloba Hitchc. - Mexico
  17. Muhlenbergia brandegeei C.Reeder - Baja California
  18. Muhlenbergia breviaristata (Hack.) Parodi - Argentina
  19. Muhlenbergia breviculmis Swallen - Guatemala
  20. Muhlenbergia brevifolia Scribn. ex Beal - Mexico
  21. Muhlenbergia breviligula Hitchc. - southern Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua
  22. Muhlenbergia brevis Goodd. - USA (AZ NM TX CO), Mexico
  23. Muhlenbergia breviseta E.Fourn. - Mexico
  24. Muhlenbergia brevivaginata Swallen - Mexico
  25. Muhlenbergia bushii R.W.Pohl - central + eastern USA
  26. Muhlenbergia californica Vasey – California Muhly - California (San Bernadino, Riverside, + Los Angeles Counties)
  27. Muhlenbergia capillaris – Hairawn Muhly - USA (from TX to MA; Mexico, Guatemala, Bahamas, Cuba, Puerto Rico[13]
  28. Muhlenbergia capillipes (M.E.Jones) P.M.Peterson & Annable - northeastern Mexico
  29. Muhlenbergia caxamarcensis Laegaard & Sánchez Vega - Peru
  30. Muhlenbergia ciliata (Kunth) Kunth - from central Mexico to northwestern Argentina
  31. Muhlenbergia crispiseta Hitchc. - western Texas, northern Mexico
  32. Muhlenbergia cualensis Y.Herrera & P.M.Peterson - southern Mexico
  33. Muhlenbergia curtifolia Scribn. - AZ NV UT WY
  34. Muhlenbergia curtisetosa (Scribn.) Bush - from Ontario to Texas
  35. Muhlenbergia curviaristata (Ohwi) Ohwi - Japan, Manchuria, Kuril Islands
  36. Muhlenbergia cuspidata (Torr. ex Hook.) Rydb. – Plains Muhly - from Alberta to Virginia
  37. Muhlenbergia decumbens Swallen - central Mexico
  38. Muhlenbergia depauperata Scribn. - USA (AZ NM CO UT TX), northeastern Mexico
  39. Muhlenbergia distichophylla (J.Presl) Kunth - Mexico, Guatemala
  40. Muhlenbergia diversiglumis Trin. - from northern Mexico to Peru
  41. Muhlenbergia dubia E.Fourn. - AZ NM TX, Mexico
  42. Muhlenbergia dumosa – Bamboo Muhly - Mexico, Arizona
  43. Muhlenbergia durangensis Y.Herrera - Durango
  44. Muhlenbergia duthieana Hack. - Pakistan, Nepal, Kashmir, Himanchal Pradesh, Uttaranchal
  45. Muhlenbergia elongata Scribn. ex Beal - Arizona (Pima + Santa Cruz Counties), northern Mexico
  46. Muhlenbergia eludens C.Reeder - USA (AZ NM TX), northern Mexico
  47. Muhlenbergia emersleyi Vasey – Bullgrass - USA (AZ NV NM TX NC), Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras
  48. Muhlenbergia eriophylla Swallen - Mexico
  49. Muhlenbergia expansa – Cutover Muhly - USA (TX OK LA MS AL GA FL SC NC VA MA)
  50. Muhlenbergia fastigiata (J.Presl) Henrard - Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Chile, Argentina
  51. Muhlenbergia filiculmis Vasey - USA (AZ NM UT CO WY ND)
  52. Muhlenbergia filiformis (Thurb. ex S.Watson) Rydb. – Pullup Muhly - western USA, British Columbia, Sonora, Baja California
  53. Muhlenbergia flabellata Mez - Costa Rica, Panamá
  54. Muhlenbergia flavida Vasey - Mexico
  55. Muhlenbergia flaviseta Scribn. - Mexico
  56. Muhlenbergia flexuosa Hitchc. - Peru
  57. Muhlenbergia fragilis Swallen - Mexico, USA (CA NV UT AZ NM TX)
  58. Muhlenbergia frondosa (Poir.) Fernald - eastern + central USA + Canada
  59. Muhlenbergia gigantea (E.Fourn.) Hitchc. - Mexico
  60. Muhlenbergia glabriflora Scribn. - south-central USA
  61. Muhlenbergia glauca (Nees) Mez - Mexico, USA (CA AZ NM TX)
  62. Muhlenbergia glomerata (Willd.) Trin. – Marsh Muhly, Spiked Muhly - northern USA, Canada including Yukon + NWT
  63. Muhlenbergia grandis Vasey - Mexico
  64. Muhlenbergia gypsophila C.Reeder & Reeder - Mexico
  65. Muhlenbergia hakonensis (Hack.) Makino - China (Sichuan, Anhui), Korea, Japan
  66. Muhlenbergia himalayensis Hack. ex Hook.f. - Afghanistan, northern Pakistan, Tajikistan, northern + eastern India, Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, Sichuan, Yunnan
  67. Muhlenbergia hintonii Swallen - Mexico
  68. Muhlenbergia huegelii Trin. - widespread from Afghanistan to Primorye to New Guinea, including India + China
  69. Muhlenbergia implicata (Kunth) Trin. - Mesoamerica, Colombia, Venezuela
  70. Muhlenbergia inaequalis Soderstr. - Colombia, Venezuela
  71. Muhlenbergia involuta Swallen - Texas
  72. Muhlenbergia iridifolia Soderstr. - Mexico
  73. Muhlenbergia jaime-hintonii P.M.Peterson & Valdés-Reyna - Mexico
  74. Muhlenbergia jaliscana Swallen - Mexico
  75. Muhlenbergia japonica Steud. - China, Japan, Korea, Primorye, Khabarovsk
  76. Muhlenbergia jonesii (Vasey) Hitchc. - northeastern California
  77. Muhlenbergia laxa Hitchc. - Veracruz
  78. Muhlenbergia lehmanniana Henrard - Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela. Ecuador
  79. Muhlenbergia ligularis (Hack.) Hitchc. - from Costa Rica to Argentina
  80. Muhlenbergia ligulata (E.Fourn.) Scribn. & Merr. - Mexico
  81. Muhlenbergia lindheimeri Hitchc. – Lindheimer muhly, Big Muhly - Texas, Coahuila
  82. Muhlenbergia longiglumis Vasey - Mexico
  83. Muhlenbergia longiligula Hitchc. - Mexico, USA (AZ NM TX NV)
  84. Muhlenbergia lucida Swallen - Mexico
  85. Muhlenbergia macroura (Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth) Hitchc. - Mexico, Guatemala
  86. Muhlenbergia majalcensis P.M.Peterson - Mexico
  87. Muhlenbergia maxima Laegaard & Sánchez Vega - Peru
  88. Muhlenbergia mexicana (L.) Trin. – Mexican Muhly - Mexico, USA, Canada incl Yukon
  89. Muhlenbergia michisensis Y.Herrera & P.M.Peterson - Mexico
  90. Muhlenbergia microsperma (DC.) Kunth – Littleseed Muhly - USA (CA AZ NV UT), Mexico, Guatemala, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Galápagos, Bolivia
  91. Muhlenbergia minutissima (Steud.) Swallen – Annual Muhly - USA (WA OR CA ID MT WY NE SD UT NV AZ NM TX), Mexico, Guatemala
  92. Muhlenbergia monandra Alegría & Rúgolo - Peru
  93. Muhlenbergia montana (Nutt.) Hitchc. – Mountain Muhly - USA (MT WY CO UT NV AZ CA NM TX), Mexico
  94. Muhlenbergia mucronata (Kunth) Trin. - Mexico
  95. Muhlenbergia multiflora Columbus - western USA
  96. Muhlenbergia mutica (E.Fourn.) Hitchc. - Mexico
  97. Muhlenbergia nigra Hitchc. - Mexico, Costa Rica, Guatemala
  98. Muhlenbergia orophila Swallen; gold-loving muhly - Mexico, Guatemala
  99. Muhlenbergia palmeri Vasey - Mexico, southern Arizona
  100. Muhlenbergia palmirensis Grignon & Lægaard - Ecuador
  101. Muhlenbergia paniculata (Nutt.) P.M.Peterson - central Canada, central + western USA, northeastern Mexico, northern Argentina
  102. Muhlenbergia pauciflora Buckley - USA (CO UT TX NM AZ CA), Mexico
  103. Muhlenbergia pectinata Goodd. - Mexico, southern Arizona
  104. Muhlenbergia peruviana – Peruvian Muhly - USA (AZ NM), Mesoamerica, western South America, Galápagos
  105. Muhlenbergia pilosa P.M.Peterson, Wipff & S.D.Jones - México State, Guerrero
  106. Muhlenbergia plumbea (Trin.) Hitchc. - Mexico, Guatemala
  107. Muhlenbergia polycaulis Scribn. - USA (UT TX NM AZ), Mexico
  108. Muhlenbergia porteri Scribn. ex Beal – Bush Muhly - USA (CO OK UT NV TX NM AZ CA), Mexico
  109. Muhlenbergia pubescens (Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth) Hitchc. - Mexico
  110. Muhlenbergia pubigluma Swallen - Mexico
  111. Muhlenbergia pungens Thurb. – Sandhill Muhly - USA (NE SD CO WY AZ UT NM TX)
  112. Muhlenbergia purpusii Mez - Mexico
  113. Muhlenbergia quadridentata (Kunth) Trin. - Mexico, Guatemala
  114. Muhlenbergia racemosa (Michx.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. – Green Muhly, Marsh Muhly
  115. Muhlenbergia ramosa (Hack.) Makino - Canada, USA, northern Mexico
  116. Muhlenbergia ramulosa (Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth) Swallen - USA (AZ NM CO), Mesoamerica, Argentina
  117. Muhlenbergia reederorum Soderstr. - Mexico
  118. Muhlenbergia repens (J.Presl) Hitchc. - Mexico, USA (AZ NM TX CO OK UT)
  119. Muhlenbergia reverchonii – Seep Muhly - USA (TX OK)
  120. Muhlenbergia richardsonis – Mat Muhly - Canada (incl Yukon + NWT), USA (Alaska plus northern + western states), northern + central Mexico
  121. Muhlenbergia rigens – Deergrass - Mexico, USA (CA NV AZ NM TX )
  122. Muhlenbergia rigida (Kunth) Kunth - USA (AZ NM TX), Mexico, South America (Colombia to Argentina)
  123. Muhlenbergia robusta (E.Fourn.) Hitchc. - Mexico, Central America
  124. Muhlenbergia schmitzii Hack. - Mexico
  125. Muhlenbergia schreberi – Nimblewill - eastern + central USA, Ontario, Mexico, Uruguay, southern Brazil, northern Argentina
  126. Muhlenbergia scoparia Vasey - Mexico
  127. Muhlenbergia seatonii Scribn. ex Seaton - Mexico
  128. Muhlenbergia sericea (Michx.) P.M.Peterson USA (TX AL FL GA LA MS NC SC)
  129. Muhlenbergia setarioides E.Fourn. - Mexico, Central America
  130. Muhlenbergia setifolia Vasey - USA (AZ NM TX), Mexico
  131. Muhlenbergia sinuosa Swallen - USA (AZ NM), Mexico
  132. Muhlenbergia sobolifera (Muhl.) Trin. - eastern + central USA, Ontario
  133. Muhlenbergia spatha Columbus - Mexico
  134. Muhlenbergia speciosa Vasey - Mexico
  135. Muhlenbergia spiciformis Trin. - Mexico, Cuba, USA (NM TX)
  136. Muhlenbergia straminea Hitchc. - Mexico, USA (NM AZ TX)
  137. Muhlenbergia stricta (J.Presl) Kunth - Mexico
  138. Muhlenbergia strictior Beal - Mexico
  139. Muhlenbergia subaristata Swallen - Mexico
  140. Muhlenbergia subbiflora Hitchc. - Mexico
  141. Muhlenbergia sylvatica (Torr.) Torr. ex A. Gray – Woodland Muhly - eastern + central USA, Quebec, Ontario [14]
  142. Muhlenbergia tarahumara P.M.Peterson & Columbus - Mexico
  143. Muhlenbergia tenella (Kunth) Trin. - Mexico, Central America, Colombia, Argentina
  144. Muhlenbergia tenuiflora (Willd.) Britton, Stern & Poggenb. - eastern + central USA, Quebec, Ontario
  145. Muhlenbergia tenuifolia (Kunth) Kunth - USA (TX NM AZ CO), Mexico, Peru, Argentina
  146. Muhlenbergia tenuissima (J.Presl) Kunth - Mexico, Central America
  147. Muhlenbergia texana Buckley - Mexico, USA (AZ NM TX)
  148. Muhlenbergia thurberi (Scribn.) Rydb. - Mexico, USA (TX NM AZ CO UT NV)
  149. Muhlenbergia torreyana (Schult.) Hitchc. – New Jersey muhly, Torrey's muhly, Torrey's dropseed - NJ NY DE MD NC TN GA
  150. Muhlenbergia torreyi (Kunth) Hitchc. ex Bush - southwestern USA, Mexico, Argentina
  151. Muhlenbergia trifida Hack. - Mexico, Guatemala
  152. Muhlenbergia uniflora (Muhl.) Fernald - Canada, northeastern USA
  153. Muhlenbergia utilis (Torr.) Hitchc. – Aparejograss - Mexico, USA (CA NV AZ NM TX)
  154. Muhlenbergia vaginata Swallen - Mexico, Guatemala
  155. Muhlenbergia venezuelae Luces - Mérida State in Venezuela
  156. Muhlenbergia versicolor Swallen - Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras
  157. Muhlenbergia villiflora Hitchc. - Mexico, USA (NM TX)
  158. Muhlenbergia virescens (Kunth) Kunth - Mexico
  159. Muhlenbergia virletii (E.Fourn.) Soderstr. - Mexico
  160. Muhlenbergia watsoniana Hitchc. - Mexico
  161. Muhlenbergia wrightii Vasey ex J.M.Coult. - Mexico, USA (NV UT CO AZ NM TX OK KS)
  162. Muhlenbergia xanthodas Soderstr. - Chiapas
formerly included[3]

numerous species now considered better suited to other genera: Aegopogon Apera Arundinella Brachyelytrum Calamagrostis Chaetopogon Cinna Dichelachne Garnotia Limnodea Lycurus Melinis Ortachne Pereilema Sporobolus Triniochloa

References[edit]

  1. ^ lectotype designated by Nash in Britton & Brown, Ill. Fl. N. U.S. (ed. 2) 1: 184 (1913)
  2. ^ Tropicos, Muhlenbergia Schreb.
  3. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected plant Families
  4. ^ Schreber, Johann Christian Daniel von. 1789. Genera Plantarum Eorumque Characteres Naturales Secundum Numerum, Figuram, Situm, & Proportionem Omnium Fructificationis Partium. (Ed. 8[a]). 1: 44
  5. ^ Tropicos, Muhlenbergia Schreb.
  6. ^ Peterson, P. M. 2000. Systematics of the Muhlenbergiinae (Chloridoideae: Eragrostideae). 195–212. In S. W. L. Jacobs & J. Everett (eds.) Grasses: Systematics and Evolution. CSIRO, Melbourne.
  7. ^ Peterson, P. M., K. Romaschenko & G. Johnson. 2010. A phylogeny and classification of the Muhlenbergiinae (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Cynodonteae) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences. American Journal of Botany 97(9): 1532–1554
  8. ^ a b Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 486 乱子草属 luan zi cao shu Muhlenbergia Schreber in Linnaeus, Gen. Pl., ed. 8. 1: 44. 1789.
  9. ^ Beetle, A.A. 1995. Las Gramíneas de México 4: 1–342. Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulícos: COTECOCA, México D.F..
  10. ^ Bor, N. L. 1960. Grass. Burma, Ceylon, India & Pakistan i–767. Pergamon Press, Oxford.
  11. ^ Giraldo-Cañas, D. & P. M. Peterson. 2009. El género Muhlenbergia (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Cynodonteae: Muhlenbergiinae) en Colombia. Caldasia 31(2): 269–302
  12. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps
  13. ^ "USDA Plants Profile: ''M. capillaris''". Plants.usda.gov. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  14. ^ "Muhlenbergia sylvatica USDA Plants Profile. 25 November 2011". Plants.usda.gov. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 

External links[edit]