Mukden Palace ( simplified Chinese: 盛京宫殿; traditional Chinese: 盛京宮殿; pinyin: ) or Shèngjīng Gōngdiàn Shenyang Gugong ( simplified Chinese: 沈阳故宫; traditional Chinese: 瀋陽故宮; pinyin: ), also known as the Shěnyáng Gùgōng Shenyang Imperial Palace, is the former imperial palace of the early Qing dynasty.
It was built in 1625 and the first three Qing emperors lived there from 1625 to 1644. Since the end of monarchy in China, the palace was converted to a museum that lies in the center of
Shenyang city, Liaoning province.
History [ edit ]
layout of the Mukden Palace
Early construction began in 1625 by
Nurhaci. By 1631, additional structures were added under Emperor Huang Taiji.
The Mukden Palace was built to resemble the
Forbidden City in Beijing. However, the palace also exhibits hints of Manchurian and Tibetan styles.
After the Qing dynasty replaced the
Ming dynasty in 1644 in Beijing, the Mukden palace lost its status as the official residence of the Emperor. Instead, the Mukden Palace became a regional palace.
Emperor Qianlong further expanded the palace. Successive Qing dynasty emperors usually stayed at Mukden Palace for some time each year.
Dazheng Hall, the earliest building in the palace
In 1955, Mukden Palace was converted into the Shenyang Imperial Palace Museum.
In 2004, it was included on the
UNESCO World Heritage List as an extension of the Imperial Palace of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, or Forbidden City, site in Beijing.
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]
Coordinates: 41°47′46″N 123°26′58″E / 41.79611°N 123.44944°E