Mukden Palace

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Façade of Chongzheng Hall, the main building
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii, iii, iv
Reference 439
UNESCO region Asia-Pacific
Inscription history
Inscription 1987 (11th Session)
Extensions 2004

The Mukden Palace (simplified Chinese: 盛京宫殿; traditional Chinese: 盛京宮殿; pinyin: Shèngjīng Gōngdiàn) or Shenyang Gugong (simplified Chinese: 沈阳故宫; traditional Chinese: 瀋陽故宮; pinyin: Shěnyáng Gùgōng), also known as the Shenyang Imperial Palace, is the former imperial palace of the early Qing Dynasty of China.

It was built in 1625 and the first three Qing emperors lived there from 1625 to 1644. Since the end of monarchy in China, the palace was converted to a museum that lies in the center of Shenyang city, Liaoning province.

History[edit]

layout of the Mukden Palace

Early construction began in 1625 by Nurhaci. By 1631, additional structures were added under Emperor Huang Taiji.

The Mukden Palace was built to resemble the Forbidden City in Beijing. However, the palace also exhibits hints of Manchurian and Tibetan styles.

After the Qing Dynasty replaced the Ming Dynasty in 1644 in Beijing, the Mukden palace lost its status as the official residence of the Emperor. Instead, the Mukden Palace became a regional palace.

In 1780, Emperor Qianlong further expanded the palace. Successive Qing dynasty emperors usually stayed at Mukden Palace for some time each year.

Museum[edit]

Dazheng Hall, the earliest building in the palace

In 1955, Mukden Palace was converted into the Shenyang Palace Museum.

In 2004, it was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List as an extension of the Imperial Palace of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, or Forbidden City, site in Beijing.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 41°47′46″N 123°26′58″E / 41.79611°N 123.44944°E / 41.79611; 123.44944