Muker

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Muker
MukerVillageLookingWest(DennisTurner)Apr2004.jpg
Muker Village looking west. The beck in the foreground is the Straw Beck, a tributary of the River Swale which it joins a short distance away to the north-east
Muker is located in North Yorkshire
Muker
Muker
 Muker shown within North Yorkshire
Population 309 (2001)
OS grid reference NY8901
Civil parish Muker
District Richmondshire
Shire county North Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town RICHMOND
Postcode district DL11
Dialling code 01748
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Richmond
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 54°23′02″N 2°08′49″W / 54.384°N 2.147°W / 54.384; -2.147

Muker is a village and civil parish at the western end of Swaledale, one of the Yorkshire Dales, in North Yorkshire, England. It is within the district of Richmondshire.

The parish includes the hamlets of Angram, Keld, Thwaite, West Stonesdale and Birkdale, as well as the Tan Hill Inn, the highest inn in England. At the 2001 census the civil parish had a population of 309.[1]

History[edit]

The earliest recorded evidence for occupation in and around Muker takes the form of a skeleton found, with flints, on Muker Common in the early 20th century. Details suggest a burial of Bronze Age date.

The name of Muker is of Norse origin, derived from the Old Norse mjór akr meaning "the narrow newly cultivated field".[2] The location at the meeting of the River Swale and the Straw Beck with plenty of good meadow land around is most likely why the Norse chose to settle here, giving them the opportunity to make a living out of mixed farming and pastoral farming.

Agriculture continued to be the basis of economy in Muker until lead mining became more important during the late 18th century and the early 19th century. Muker was also a major centre for hand knitting during this period. The importance of these industries is reflected in the many cottages, workshops and other buildings constructed at the time.

Muker was historically a township in the large ancient parish of Grinton in the North Riding of Yorkshire.[3] The church of St Mary the Virgin was built during the reign of Elizabeth I. A chapel of ease had stood on this site previously but in 1580 it was substantially rebuilt and a graveyard consecrated so that residents of Upper Swaledale no longer had to transport their dead all the way to the parish church in Grinton. The tower, nave and chancel all date from this period. The church was restored in 1891.[4]

In 1866 Muker became a separate civil parish.[5]

With the decline of the mining industry, farming remained the principal occupation. From the late 19th century Muker began to see an increasing number of visitors and holiday makers and today the village is a popular starting point for walks in the area, with a great number of breath-taking public footpaths in Upper Swaledale.

The village today[edit]

The traditional late 18th and early 19th century barns and drystone walls of Swaledale are the most characteristic feature of the landscape. The flower-rich hay meadows around Muker are of international importance and are carefully protected. Farmers receive grants which allow them to farm the land by traditional methods, without using artificial fertilizers.

A closer look at the village

Muker is also home to the Muker Silver Band, a brass band formed in 1897.[6] The band, which recently celebrated its hundredth anniversary, is now one of the last surviving bands in Swaledale and Wensleydale, and still maintains a busy calendar of public appearances.

Muker is at grid reference SD910978, on the banks of the Straw Beck near its confluence with the River Swale.

Although at one time a centre for lead mining, the main economic activities are now woollen clothing, tourism and sheep farming.

The pub is called the Farmers Arms. Muker also has a village shop as well as craft shops and a café. Originally the Vicarage, the Muker village tea shop was built in 1680 and retains much of its 'Olde worlde charm' today. A Park Information Point for the Yorkshire Dales National Park can be found at the Muker Village store.

On 5 July 2014, the Tour de France Stage 1 from Leeds to Harrogate passed through the village.[7]

Popular culture[edit]

Muker is featured in the British television series All Creatures Great and Small, in the episode "Hampered", as the venue for the Darrowby Flower Show. The murder scene of the 1982 film Evil under the Sun was shot in Muker.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish Headcounts: Richmondshire". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 5 February 2012. 
  2. ^ Watts, Victor, ed. (2010), "Muker", The Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978 0 521 16855 7 
  3. ^ William Page (editor) (1914). "Parishes: Grinton". Victoria County History. A History of the County of York North Riding: Volume 1. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 16 August 2014. 
  4. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (322232)". Images of England. 
  5. ^ Vision of Britain website
  6. ^ "About Muker Silver Band". Muker Silver Band. 2009. Retrieved 2 August 2011. 
  7. ^ "Tour de France Stage 1". Retrieved 15 July 2014. 

External links[edit]