Mukhabarat el-Jamahiriya

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Intelligence of the Jamahiriya
Mukhabarat el-Jamahiriya
Agency overview
Dissolved 2011
Jurisdiction Government of Libya
Headquarters Tripoli, Libya
Agency executive Abuzed Omar Dorda, Director
Parent agency Independent

Mukhabarat el-Jamahiriya (Arabic: مخابرات الجماهيرية‎) [1] (Intelligence of the Jamahiriya) was the national intelligence service of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi. During the Libyan civil war, agency director Abuzed Omar Dorda was captured by anti-Gaddafi forces, the agency ceased to exist when the Jamahiriya was toppled in August 2011.

Operations[edit]

Mukhabarat el-Jamahiriya allegedly kept Libyan society under surveillance, preventing even open demonstrations.[citation needed] It also carried out murder and espionage against Libyan dissidents living abroad[citation needed] and also infiltrated attempted military coups against the Gaddafi government.[citation needed]

It is publicly known[citation needed] to have carried out these three operations against the West:

  • 1986 Berlin discotheque bombing - On 5 April 1986, Libyan agents detonated a bomb a discotheque popular with U.S. soldiers in West Berlin, killing three soldiers, a Turkish woman, and wounding 50 soldiers and 180 civilians.
  • Pan Am Flight 103 - On 21 December 1988, Libyan agents detonated a bomb aboard a Pan American Airlines jet over Lockerbie, Scotland. A total of 270 people were killed, eleven of them on the ground. This was in retaliation to British support of the United States during air strikes on Libya.[citation needed]

Successor[edit]

The Intelligence Community under Interim Government:[citation needed]

  • External Security Service
  • Internal Security Service
  • General Directorate of Military Intelligence

References[edit]

  1. ^ Simons, Geoffrey (2003). Libya and the West: from independence to Lockerbie. United Kingdom: I. B. Tauris. p. 106. ISBN 1-86064-988-2. Retrieved 10 September 2009. 

External links[edit]