Mukhammas

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Mukhammas (Arabic مخمس 'fivefold') refers to a type of Persian or Urdu cinquain or pentastich with Sufi connections based on a pentameter.

It is one of the more popular verse forms in Tajik Badakhshan, occurring both in madoh and in other performance-genres.[1]

Details of the form[edit]

The mukhammas represents a stanza of two distichs and a hemistich in monorhyme, the fifth line being the “bob” or burden: each succeeding stanza affects a new rhyme, except in the fifth line, e.g., aaaab + ccccb + ddddb and so forth.

Every stanza of a mukhammas includes five lines.

  • In the first stanza, all five lines rhyme.
  • In the later stanzas, the first four lines rhyme, but the fifth line breaks the rhyme. It can be repeated, or else its rhyme can be that of the first stanza.[2]

Mukhammas.gif

Themes[edit]

A recurrent theme of the mukhammas is praise of Imam Ali and his companions but other themes also occur.

Poets[edit]

Many Urdu poets have contributed to the mukhammas. The important among them include:

Poets who have written the mukhammas in other languages include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Limerick". Thepoetsgarret.com. Retrieved 2014-02-19. 
  2. ^ "Terms Index - A Desertful of Roses". Columbia.edu. Retrieved 2014-02-19. 
  3. ^ "Сервис регистрации доменов и хостинга : RU-TLD.RU". Literature.aznet.org. Retrieved 2014-02-19.