|Sanskrit Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
|Part of a series on|
The Muktikā ("deliverance", see mukti) refers to the canon of 108 upaniṣad. Its date of composition is not known because upanishads were transmitted orally  in ancient India, its written form predates the 1656 CE record of the canon by Dara Shikoh.
The text is a dialogue between Rama and Hanuman. Rama proposes to teach Vedanta, saying "Even by reading one verse of them [any Upanishad] with devotion, one gets the status of union with me, hard to get even by sages." Hanuman enquires about the different kinds of "liberation" (Mukti, hence the name of the Upanishad), to which Rama answers that "the only real type [of liberation] is Kaivalya". This type is attainable purely by studying the Upanishads, as opposed to the three "orthodox" forms of liberation reserved for the twice-born, i.e. Salokya, Sarupya and Samipya.
The list of 108 Upanishads is introduced in verses 26-29,
- "But by what means is the Kaivalya kind of Moksha [= Mukti] got? The Mandukya is enough; if knowledge is not got from it, then study the Ten Upanishads. Getting knowledge very soon, you will reach my abode. If certainty is not got even then, study the 32 Upanishads and stop. If desiring Moksha without the body, read the 108 Upanishads. Hear their order" (trans. Warrier)
The "Ten Upanishads" are the mukhya or principal ones.
The list of 108 names is given in verses 30-39. They are as follows:
- Isha Upanishad 
- Kena Upanishad 
- Katha Upanishad 
- Prashna Upanishad 
- Mundaka Upanishad 
- Mandukya Upanishad 
- Taittiriya Upanishad 
- Aitareya Upanishad 
- Chandogya Upanishad 
- Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 
- Brahmopanishad 
- Kaivalyopanishad 
- Jabalopanishad 
- Shvetashvatara Upanishad 
- Amritabindu Upanishad
- Maitrayaniya Upanishad
- Kaushitaki Upanishad
- Tejobindu Upanishad
In this canon,
- 10 upaniṣads are associated with the Rigveda and have the shānti beginning vaṇme-manasi.
- 16 upaniṣads are associated with the Samaveda and have the shānti beginning āpyāyantu.
- 19 upaniṣads are associated with the Shukla Yajurveda and have the shānti beginning pūrṇamada.
- 32 upaniṣads are associated with the Krishna Yajurveda and have the shānti beginning sahanāvavatu.
- 31 upaniṣads are associated with the Atharvaveda and have the shānti beginning bhadram-karṇebhiḥ.
The first 10 are grouped as mukhya ("principal"). 21 are grouped as Sāmānya Vedānta ("common Vedanta"), The remainder are categorized as "sectarian", associated with five different branches of Hinduism, 23 with Sannyāsa (asceticism), 9 with Shaktism, 14 with Vaishnavism, 14 with Shaivism and 17 with Yoga.
|Shukla Yajurveda||Krishna Yajurveda||Atharvaveda||Samaveda||Ṛgveda|
These are the Upanishads accepted by all Vedantic schools as śruti, and are not idiosyncratic to any sect.
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2013)|
- Muktika Upanishad, Translated by Dr. A. G. Krishna Warrier, Published by The Theosophical Publishing House, Chennai,[year needed]