Mulayam Singh Yadav
||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2012)|
|Mulayam Singh Yadav|
|Chairman of the Samajwadi Party|
|Preceded by||Post established|
|Member of Lok Sabha|
2009 – incumbent
|Preceded by||Dharmendra Yadav|
|Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh|
29 August 2003 – 11 May 2007
5 December 1993 – 3 June 1995
|Preceded by||President's Rule (Administered by the Governor of Uttar Pradesh)|
5 December 1989 – 24 January 1991
|Preceded by||Narayan Dutt Tiwari|
|Succeeded by||Kalyan Singh|
|Minister of Defence|
1 June 1996 – 19 March 1998
|Prime Minister||H. D. Deve Gowda, I. K. Gujral|
|Preceded by||Pramod Mahajan|
|Succeeded by||George Fernandes|
22 November 1939 |
Village Saifai, Etawah, Uttar Pradesh
|Political party||Samajwadi Party|
|Spouse(s)||(1) Malti Devi, (2) Sadhana Gupta|
|Relations||Ram Gopal Yadav (brother), Ratan Singh Yadav (brother), Abhay Ram Singh Yadav (brother), Rajpal Singh Yadav (brother), Shivpal Singh Yadav (brother), Kamla Devi Yadav (sister)|
|Residence||Saifai, Etawah, Uttar Pradesh|
Mulayam Singh Yadav (born 22 November 1939) is an Indian politician belonging to the Samajwadi Party from Uttar Pradesh. He served as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh between 2003-2007 and previously held the office during 1989–91 and 1993–95. He also served as Minister of Defence (1996–98) in the United Front government. Currently, he serves in the Lok Sabha representing Azamgarh.
Yadav has married twice. His first wife was Malti Devi, whose son is Akhilesh Yadav (born 1973), the current Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. Malti Devi died in May 2003. Yadav's second wife is Sadhna Yadav, with whom he has a son named Prateek Yadav (born 1988). Prateek manages land holdings of the Yadav family. Mulayam's second wife was not well-known until February 2007, when the relationship was admitted in India's Supreme Court.
Yadav was first elected as a Member of the Legislative Assembly in Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh in 1967. Yadav served eight terms there. He first became a state minister in 1977. Later, in 1980, he became the president of the Lok Dal (People's Party) in Uttar Pradesh which became a part of the Janata Dal (People's Party) afterward. In 1982, he was elected leader of the opposition in the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council and held that post until 1985.
First term as chief minister
Yadav first became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1989.
After the collapse of the V P Singh government at the centre in November 1990, Yadav joined Chandra Shekhar's Janata Dal (Socialist) party and continued in office as chief minister with the support of the Congress Party. His government fell when the Congress withdrew support to his government in April 1991 in reaction to the aftermath of developments at the centre, wherein the Congress party withdrew support to Chandra Shekhar's government. Mid-term elections to Uttar Pradesh assembly were held in mid-1991, in which Mulayam Singh's party lost power to the BJP.
Second term as chief minister
In 1992, Yadav founded his own Samajwadi Party (Socialist Party). In 1993, he allied with the Bahujan Samaj Party for the elections to Uttar Pradesh assembly due to be held in November 1993. The alliance between Samajwadi Party and Bahujan Samaj Party prevented the return of BJP to power in the state. Yadav became chief minister of Uttar Pradesh with the support of Congress and Janata Dal. His stand on movement for demanding separate statehood for Uttarakhand was as much controversial as his stand on Ayodhya movement in 1990 was. There was a firing on Uttarakhand activists at Muzaffarnagar on 2 October 1994, something for which Uttarakhand activists held him responsible. He continued holding that post until his ally opted into another alliance in June 1995.
As union cabinet minister
In 1996, Yadav was elected to the eleventh Lok Sabha from Mainpuri constituency. In the United Front coalition government formed that year, his party joined and he was named India's Defence Minister. That government fell in 1998 as India went in for fresh elections, but he returned to the Lok Sabha that year from Sambhal parliamentary constituency. After the fall of Atal Bihari Vajpayee government at the center in April 1999, he did not support the Congress party in the formation of the government at the Centre. He contested Lok Sabha elections of 1999 from two seats, Sambhal and Kannauj, and won from both. He resigned from Kannauj seat for his son Akhilesh in the by-elections.
Third term as chief minister
In 2002, following a fluid post-election situation in Uttar Pradesh, the Bharatiya Janata Party and Bahujan Samaj Party joined to form a government under dalit leader Mayawati, considered to be Mulayam's greatest rival in UP. After a one-and-a-half year stint, the BJP pulled out of the government on 25 August 2003, and enough rebel legislators of the Bahujan Samaj Party left to allow Mulayam to become the Chief Minister, with the support of independents and small parties. Mulayam Singh Yadav was sworn in as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh for the third time in September 2003. It is widely believed that this change was done with the blessings of the BJP, which was also ruling at the Centre then.
In September 2003, when Yadav was sworn in as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh, Yadav was a member of the Lok Sabha. In order to meet the constitutional requirement of becoming the member of state legislature within 6 months of being sworn in, Yadav contested the assembly by-election from Gunnaur assembly seat in January 2003-04. Yadav won by a record margin and polled almost 92% of the total votes. Yadav's victory margin of 183,899 votes is the highest margin of victory in assembly elections so far.
With the hope of playing a major role at the center, Yadav contested Lok Sabha elections of 2004 from Mainpuri when Yadav was the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh. Yadav won the seat and his party, Samajwadi Party won more seats in Uttar Pradesh than all other parties. However the Congress party, which formed the coalition government at the center after the elections had majority in the Lok Sabha with the support of the communist parties. As a result, Yadav could not play any significant role at the center, Yadav resigned from the Lok Sabha and chose to continue as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh until he lost 2007 election when he lost to BSP.
2014 Indian General Election
Yadav and other members of the SP were criticised for conducting a festival during a crisis following riots in Muzzafarnagar, Uttar Pradesh. He and his party formed a pre-poll alliance for the 2014 Indian General Election that involved ten other parties. He was elected as a member of the 16th Lok Sabha in those elections from two constituencies - Azamgarh and Mainpuri - and subsequently resigned the latter seat.
The crime of rape became a capital offence in India following the 2012 Delhi gang rape incident. Yadav has opposed this change in the law, saying that "Boys will be boys. Boys commit mistakes". In response to another notable rape case and Yadav's comments, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said “We say no to the dismissive, destructive attitude of, 'Boys will be boys'".
During the 2014 Lok Sabha election campaign, Yadav vowed to abolish use of the English language, computers and mechanised farming. He said that such technology creates unemployment.
- "Lok Sabha member profile". Lok Sabha.
- "Detailed Profile: Shri Mulayam Singh Yadav". Government of India. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- Yadav, Shyamlal (7 March 2012). "The Samajwadi Parivar". Indian Express. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- "Tributes paid to Mulayam's wife". The Times of India. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- "Mulayam Singh Yadav let off, but second wife in tax net". Economic Times. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- "Mulayam’s younger son prefers body-building to body politic". Indian Express. 20 January 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- Bhatt, Sheela (6 March 2007). "Will this man bring down Mulayam?". rediff.com. Retrieved 10 October 2007.
- Anand, Deevakar (18 January 2014). "The Neros Of Uttar Pradesh". Tehelka Magazine. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
- "Nitish Kumar, Mulayam Singh Yadav in 11-party front to battle Congress, BJP in Lok Sabha polls". NDTV. 25 February 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-14.
- "BJP now eyes Mulayam Singh Yadav's Mainpuri seat". The Asian Age. 27 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-11.
- Burke, Jason (31 May 2014). "'Go to the mango trees,' the bereaved father was told. 'The body of your daughter is there'". The Observer. Retrieved 2014-07-19.
- "Ally of India’s Modi says rape “sometimes right, sometimes wrong”". The Express Tribune. Reuters. 5 June 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-19.
- Jaffrelot, Christophe (2003). India's silent revolution: Rise of lower castes in North India. C. Hurst & Co. ISBN 978-1-85065-670-8.
- Aditi Phadnis (2009). Business Standard Political Profiles: Of Cabals and Kings. Business Standard Books. ISBN 9788190573542.
- Rao, Ursula (2010). News As Culture: Journalistic Practices and the Remaking of Indian Leadership Tradition. Berghahn Books. ISBN 9781845456696.
- Brass, Paul R. (1997). Theft of an Idol: Text and Context in the Representation of Collective Violence. Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691026503.
- Ludden, David E., ed. (1996). Contesting the Nation: Religion, Community, and the Politics of Democracy in India. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 9780812215854.
- Singh, Ram; Yadav, Anshuman (1998). Mulayam Singh: a political biography. Konark Publishers. ISBN 9788122005301.