Mulbagal

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Mulabagilu
ಮುಳಬಾಗಿಲು
Mulbagilu
town
Mulabagilu is located in Karnataka
Mulabagilu
Mulabagilu
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 13°10′00″N 78°24′00″E / 13.1667°N 78.4°E / 13.1667; 78.4Coordinates: 13°10′00″N 78°24′00″E / 13.1667°N 78.4°E / 13.1667; 78.4
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Kolar district
Area
 • Total 8.5 km2 (3.3 sq mi)
Elevation 826 m (2,710 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 44,033
 • Density 5,180.35/km2 (13,417.0/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 563 131
Telephone code 08159
Vehicle registration KA-07

Mulabagilu is a town and taluk headquarters of Mulabagilu taluk in the Kolar district in the state of Karnataka, India. It lies just off the National Highway 4 as the easternmost town of the state and a hill landmark.

Etymology[edit]

"Mulabagilu" (ಮುಳಬಾಗಿಲು) comes from the word mudalabagilu, which means the "eastern door" in the native Kannada language. Mulabagilu was supposedly the easternmost frontier of (and thereby the entrance to) the state of Mysuru. Hence, the name. Mulabagilu was also the eastern gate to the Vijayanagara Empire.

History[edit]

One legend describes how the Hanumantha temple here was installed by Arjuna, one of the Pandavas, after the Mahabharata war. Sage Vasishta is believed to have installed the idols of the main deity Srinivasa, Padmavati and Rama-Sita-Lakshmana.

The history of Mulabagilu was complied by Benjamin Lewis Rice, in his book "The Gazetteer of Mysore" (1887). About Mulabagilu, he say "Mulabagilu is an important town, 18 miles east-north-east of Kolar, on the old Bengaluru-Madras road by the Mugli pass. Headquarters of the Mulabagilu Taluk and a Municipality. Pilgrims to Tirupati who pass through Mulabagilu . . . go through the preliminary ceremony of purification by shaving their heads and bathing in a pond named Narasimha Tirtha." [1][2]

In modern history, Mulabagilu is mentioned as the site of the Battle of Mulabagilu on 4 October 1768, during the First Anglo-Mysore War.

Geography[edit]

Mulabagilu is located at 13°10′N 78°24′E / 13.17°N 78.4°E / 13.17; 78.4.[3] It has an average elevation of 827 metres (2,713 feet).

Economy[edit]

The major sources of employment are in the agriculture, dairy, sericulture, floriculture and tourism-related industries. Farmers in Mulabagilu are completely dependent upon borewell water for irrigation and drinking. Mulabagilu is home to several famous temples, and is popularly known as the land of "Temple Places." Many transport and travel businesses set up their base here. Mulabagilu has many sericuluture and vegetable trading markets, including potatoes, tomatoes (in Vadahalli), brinjal, beans, beetroot, carrots, chow-chow and cabbage. The state government of Karnataka acquired non-agriculture land for industrial development activities as part of an initial step the government proposed for a granite industries hub at Mulabagilu Taluk. Mulabagilu is known for tobacco beedis. Many brands of beedis are produced and distributed to Karanataka and Andhra Pradesh. The Muslim community is largely engaged in this business.

Infrastructure[edit]

Mulabagilu is on NH-4, a newly-laid four-lane road from Bengaluru to Mulabagilu Kolar district, with a total length of around 110 km. Approximately 354 km of major roads connect other locations to this area. Indian Railway connectivity: The state railway minister proposed a Kolar-Mulabagilu-Nangali-Chittor railway line connection. This was to be announced in an upcoming budget.[4]

A pool of human resources is available as many polytechnic, vocational training (ITI), teacher training intuitions, and graduation (science, agriculture, commerce and arts) colleges are located near Mulabagilu. Many IT and technical people who work in Bengaluru travel daily from Mulabagilu to Bengaluru[citation needed] Adequate natural resources include granite and other types of rocks. The cost of living is less, and salary and wages are flexible.[5]

Tourist attractions[edit]

There are many hills for trekking.[5][6]

Kurudumale Maha Ganapathi Temple Kurudumale, 8 km northwest from Mulabagilu, is famous for Lord Ganapati Temple. The idol of Ganapati is made of a single "Shaligram rock" and is about 21 feet from ground level. The idol and temple are estimated to be 5,000 years old.

Kshetra Palaka Sri Anjaneya Temple Anjaneya Swamy Temple is located in Mulabagilu. Tired after war, Arjuna went on a pilgrimage and brought his flag used during war consisting of an image of Vayu Putra. He established this temple in Mulabagilu, which was then called Shathaka Vatipuri.

Sripadarajamutt Mulabagilu was the residence of Sripadarajamutt Swamiji, or simply Sripadaraja, a disciple of Saint Madhwacharya, who is known as the third Avatar of Vayu (the earlier two being Anjaneya or Hanuman, and the second being Bhima, the second of the Pandava brothers).

Narasimha Tirtha The Narasimha tirtha is about 2 km from the town of Mulabagilu towards the east on NH-4. It is the sacred place where Sri Swamiji lived and had his vrindavan (sacred resting place for Hindu sages) made. It is now the headquarters of the Sripadarajamutt he founded. There is a Swayamvyakta Yoga Narasimha temple near the vrindavan.

Someshwara Temple

Someshvara temple, Mulabagilu
A sculpture on display at the Someshvara temple, Mulabagilu

Apart from the famous Hanuman Temple, this town has a Someswaran Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. The Shiva linga here is similar to that at sacred Kashi or Varanasi. According to legend, the childless can pray for a child by making pradhakshinas.

Virupakshi Swamy Temple Sri Virupakshi Swamy Temple is in Virupakshi village about 4 km from Mulabagilu. This temple was built in the 13th century by Vijayanagara rulers and resembles the Virupaksheshwara Temple in Hampi. One family has been doing the pooja here since the temple was constructed, and dates back about eight generations.

Garuda Temple Garuda Temple is one of the ancient historic, epic Ramayana-related temples located at Koladevi 18 km from Mulabagilu national highway, 19 km from Srnivaspur and 4 km from Mudianur. It was built under the supervision of Sri Ramanujacharya, but only came to light recently.

Baba Hyder Vali of Mulabagilu Baba Hyder Vali of Mulabagilu or Hazrath Syed Shah Baba Hyder Auliya Hussaini Suharwardi (Rahmatullah Alayh) is a 12th-century Sufi saint of Suharwardi order. He was the disciple of Hazrath Tabr-e-Aalam Baadshah Nathar Vali (Rahmatullah Alayh), of Tirchy. His mausoleum is located in Mulabagilu, Kolar District, Karnataka.

Mulabagilu is also sacred for Muslims as the dargah of Sufi Saint Baba Hyder Vali of Mulabagilu. Both Muslims and Hindus worship at the darga and Urus festival is very popular. Urs of Hazrath Baba Hyder-e-Safdar (Rahmatullah Alayh) is celebrated every year on 11th of Rajab (according to the lunar calendar). It is attended by many people from across India.

Uttanur Sri Varadaraja Swamy Temple

The great Saint Brugu Maharshi have built a Sri Varadaraja Swamy temple in Uttanur. The Uttanur is a called as a Uttama Kanchi. Every year in the day of Bharatha Hunime the Rathothsava will happening. It is importanat place for Saints for doing Japa Thapas. In the olden days Uttanur having power full compound around the village it is build for give protection for Saints to do traditional pooja vidhis. Gangas build the Sri Uttameshwara Temple in Uttanur.

Mandikal Chowdeswaramma Temple is at least 1000 years old and very famous for miracles, situated at a distance of 8 miles, this is one of the best temples to visit in and around Mulabagilu. Recently this temple has been re-built by devotees of nearing villages like, Mandikal, Koladevi,Gollahalli Harapanakana halli.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[7] Mulabagilu had a population of 44,031. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Mulabagilu has an average literacy rate of 61%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 67%, and female literacy is 54%. In Mulabagilu, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Famous persons from Mulbagal[edit]

  • D. V. Gundappa, popularly known as DVG, was a prominent Kannada writer and a philosopher. He is renowned for Manku Thimmana Kagga, a collection of verses.
  • M.V Krishnappa, former minister of the Cabinet of India, father of the Karnataka milk revolution.
  • K. R. Venkataramaiah, Ph. D.(Waterloo),M. A. SC.(Toronto), M. Sc.Eng.(Guindy-Madras),B. E.(UCE-Bengaluru), P. Eng.(Ontario), Scientist/Consulting Engineer.
  • Soundarya was a versatile film actress, successful in the southern India film industry, who appeared in Kannada, Telugu, Tamil and Malayalam films. She acted in more than 90 movies, most of them in Telugu. She was killed in a plane crash near Bengaluru.
  • R. Srinivas (Alangur R. Srinivas) was a horticultural minister in 2005 and municipal minister in 2007 from JD(S). He born in Alangur village, and died on December 9, 2011.
  • K. R. Niranjan, M. Sc. (Math.), M.B.A.(England), I.A.S., Secretary, Backward Classes Dept., Govt. of Karnataka.
  • Nagamohan Das, justice of Karnataka high court.
  • Uttanur Rajamma A lady Bandaya Writer from Uttanur Mulbagal Talluk

Education institutions[edit]

Some of the famous institutions are National High School; Sri Sharada Vidya Peeta, Founders of trust are Shapur Narayana Swamy Shetty and Shapur Krishnayya Shetty, CEA (Children's Education Association) Smt. Danamma Channabasavaiah Mahila Samaja, PU college (SDC), KJTET Polytechnic, caters for the technical education; Sri Manjunatha Vidya Samasthe, Byrakur; Sri Manjunatha Nursery Schools Byrakur (affiliated with the government of Karnataka); Sri Manjunatha Higher Primary School Byrakur (aided to Government of Karnataka); J.V.T. High School, aided school of the government of Karnataka, founded by late Swarnavarnacharya.

Food[edit]

A cook from Mulabagilu town in Kolar district was rushed by the former chief minister B.S. Yeddyurappa to prepare dosas and idlies for the legislators in 2012. "Dosas and idlies prepared in Mulbagal style are said to be soft and tasty."[8] And "Chats prepared in Mulabagilu style are said to be so tasty."

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rice, Benjamin Lewis (1887). Mysore: A Gazetteer Compiled for Government. London, UK: Asian Educational Services. p. 142. ISBN 8120609778. Retrieved 17 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Charya, S V Upendra (30 July 2013). "Treasure trove of heritage" (Bangalore). Deccan Herald. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Mulabagilu
  4. ^ http://www.karnatakaindustry.gov.in/content/.../Mulbagal%20Brief.doc Mulbagal Industry
  5. ^ a b Mulbagal Glance
  6. ^ http://www.mulbagal.com/historical.html Mulabagilu History
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  8. ^ BSY is known to waste tax payers'money. , Mulabagilu dosas at BSY’s residence, holige at Karjol’s