Mulbagal

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Mulbagal
Mulbagilu
town
Mulbagal is located in Karnataka
Mulbagal
Mulbagal
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 13°10′00″N 78°24′00″E / 13.1667°N 78.4°E / 13.1667; 78.4Coordinates: 13°10′00″N 78°24′00″E / 13.1667°N 78.4°E / 13.1667; 78.4
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Kolar district
Area
 • Total 8.5 km2 (3.3 sq mi)
Elevation 826 m (2,710 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 44,033
 • Density 5,180.35/km2 (13,417.0/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 563 131
Telephone code 08159
Vehicle registration KA-07

Mulbagal is a town and taluk headquarters of Mulbagal taluk in the Kolar district in the state of Karnataka, India. It lies just off the National Highway 4 as the easternmost town of the state and a hill landmark.

Etymology[edit]

"Mulbagilu" (ಮುಳಬಾಗಿಲು) comes from the word mudalabagilu, which means the "eastern door" in the native Kannada language. Mulbagal was supposedly the easternmost frontier of (and thereby the entrance to) the state of Mysore. Hence, the name. Mulbagal was also the eastern gate to the Vijayanagara Empire.

History[edit]

One legend describes how the Hanuman temple here was installed by Arjuna, one of the Pandavas, after the Mahabharata war. Sage Vasishta is believed to have installed the idols of the main deity Srinivasa, Padmavati and Rama-Sita-Lakshmana.

In modern history, Mulbagal is mentioned as the site of the Battle of Mulwagul on 4 October 1768, during the First Anglo-Mysore War.

Geography[edit]

Mulbagal is located at 13°10′N 78°24′E / 13.17°N 78.4°E / 13.17; 78.4.[1] It has an average elevation of 827 metres (2,713 feet).

Economy[edit]

The major sources of employment are in the agriculture, dairy, sericulture, floriculture and tourism-related industries. Farmers in Mulbagal are completely dependent upon borewell water for irrigation and drinking. Mulbagal is home to several famous temples, and is popularly known as the land of "Temple Places." Many transport and travel businesses set up their base here. Mulbagal has many sericuluture and vegetable trading markets, including potatoes, tomatoes (in Vadahalli), brinjal, beans, beetroot, carrots, chow-chow and cabbage. The state government of Karnataka acquired non-agriculture land for industrial development activities as part of an initial step the government proposed for a granite industries hub at Mulbagal Taluk. Mulbagal is known for tobacco beedis. Many brands of beedis are produced and distributed to Karanataka and Andhra Pradesh. The Muslim community is largely engaged in this business.

Infrastructure[edit]

Mulbagal is on NH-4, a newly-laid four-lane road from Bangalore to Mulbagal Kolar district, with a total length of around 110 km. Approximately 354 km of major roads connect other locations to this area. Indian Railway connectivity: The state railway minister proposed a Kolar-Mulbagal-Nangali-Chittor railway line connection. This was to be announced in an upcoming budget.[2]

A pool of human resources is available as many polytechnic, vocational training (ITI), teacher training intuitions, and graduation (science, agriculture, commerce and arts) colleges are located near Mulbagal. Many IT and technical people who work in Bangalore travel daily from Mulbagal to Bangalore[citation needed] Adequate natural resources include granite and other types of rocks. The cost of living is less, and salary and wages are flexible.[3]

Tourist attractions[edit]

There are many hills for trekking.[3][4]

Kurudumale Maha Ganapathi Temple Kurudumale, 8 km northwest from Mulbagal, is famous for Lord Ganapati Temple. The idol of Ganapati is made of a single "Shaligram rock" and is about 21 feet from ground level. The idol and temple are estimated to be 5,000 years old.

Kshetra Palaka Sri Anjaneya Temple Anjaneya Swamy Temple is located in Mulbagal. Tired after war, Arjuna went on a pilgrimage and brought his flag used during war consisting of an image of Vayu Putra. He established this temple in Mulabagal, which was then called Shathaka Vatipuri.

Sripadarajamutt Mulbagal was the residence of Sripadarajamutt] Swamiji, or simply Sripadaraja, a disciple of Saint Madhwacharya, who is known as the third Avatar of Vayu (the earlier two being Anjaneya or Hanuman, and the second being Bhima, the second of the Pandava brothers).

Narasimha Tirtha The Narasimha tirtha is about 2 km from the town of Mulbagal towards the east on NH-4. It is the sacred place where Sri Swamiji lived and had his vrindavan (sacred resting place for Hindu sages) made. It is now the headquarters of the Sripadarajamutt he founded. There is a Swayamvyakta Yoga Narasimha temple near the vrindavan.

Someshwara Temple

Someshvara temple, Mulbagal
A sculpture on display at the Someshvara temple, Mulbagal

Apart from the famous Hanuman Temple, this town has a Someswaran Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. The Shiva linga here is similar to that at sacred Kashi or Varanasi. According to legend, the childless can pray for a child by making pradhakshinas.

Virupakshi Swamy Temple Sri Virupakshi Swamy Temple is in Virupakshi village about 4 km from Mulbagal. This temple was built in the 13th century by Vijayanagara rulers and resembles the Virupaksheshwara Temple in Hampi. One family has been doing the pooja here since the temple was constructed, and dates back about eight generations.

Garuda Temple Garuda Temple is one of the ancient historic, epic Ramayana-related temples located at Koladevi 18 km from Mulbagal national highway, 19 km from Srnivaspur and 4 km from Mudianur. It was built under the supervision of Sri Ramanujacharya, but only came to light recently.

Baba Hyder Vali of Mulbagal Baba Hyder Vali of Mulbagal or Hazrath Syed Shah Baba Hyder Auliya Hussaini Suharwardi (Rahmatullah Alayh) is a 12th-century Sufi saint of Suharwardi order. He was the disciple of Hazrath Tabr-e-Aalam Baadshah Nathar Vali (Rahmatullah Alayh), of Tirchy. His mausoleum is located in Mulbagal, Kolar District, Karnataka.

Mulbagal is also sacred for Muslims as the dargah of Sufi Saint Baba Hyder Vali of Mulbagal. Both Muslims and Hindus worship at the darga and Urus festival is very popular. Urs of Hazrath Baba Hyder-e-Safdar (Rahmatullah Alayh) is celebrated every year on 11th of Rajab (according to the lunar calendar). It is attended by many people from across India.

Uttanur Sri Varadaraja Swamy Temple

The great Saint Brugu Maharshi have built a Sri Varadaraja Swamy temple in Uttanur. The Uttanur is a called as a Uttama Kanchi. Every year in the day of Bharatha Hunime the Rathothsava will happening. It is importanat place for Saints for doing Japa Thapas. In the olden days Uttanur having power full compound around the village it is build for give protection for Saints to do traditional pooja vidhis.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[5] Mulbagal had a population of 44,031. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Mulbagal has an average literacy rate of 61%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 67%, and female literacy is 54%. In Mulbagal, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Famous persons from Mulbagal[edit]

  • D. V. Gundappa, popularly known as DVG, was a prominent Kannada writer and a philosopher. He is renowned for Manku Thimmana Kagga, a collection of verses.
  • M.V Krishnappa, former minister of the Cabinet of India, father of the Karnataka milk revolution.
  • Soundarya was a versatile film actress, successful in the southern India film industry, who appeared in Kannada, Telugu, Tamil and Malayalam films. She acted in more than 90 movies, most of them in Telugu. She was killed in a plane crash near Bangalore.
  • R. Srinivas (Alangur R. Srinivas) was a horticultural minister in 2005 and municipal minister in 2007 from JD(S). He born in Alangur village, and died on December 9, 2011.
  • Nagamohan Das, justice of Karnataka high court.
  • Uttanur Rajamma A lady Bandaya Writer from Uttanur Mulbagal Talluk

Education institutions[edit]

Some of the famous institutions are National High School; Sri Sharada Vidya Peeta, Founders of trust are Shapur Narayana Swamy Shetty and Shapur Krishnayya Shetty, M.G. Chandrashekaraiah, Smt. Danamma Channabasavaiah Mahila Samaja, PU college (SDC), KJTET Polytechnic, caters for the technical education; Sri Manjunatha Vidya Samasthe, Byrakur; Sri Manjunatha Nursery Schools Byrakur (affiliated with the government of Karnataka); Sri Manjunatha Higher Primary School Byrakur (aided to Government of Karnataka); J.V.T. High School, aided school of the government of Karnataka, founded by late Swarnavarnacharya and many more.

Food[edit]

A cook from Mulbagal town in Kolar district was rushed by the former chief minister B.S. Yeddyurappa to prepare dosas and idlies for the legislators in 2012. "Dosas and idlies prepared in Mulbagal style are said to be soft and tasty."[6] And "Chats prepared in Mulbagal style are said to be so tasty."

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Mulbagal
  2. ^ http://www.karnatakaindustry.gov.in/content/.../Mulbagal%20Brief.doc Mulbagal Industry
  3. ^ a b Mulbagal Glance
  4. ^ http://www.mulbagal.com/historical.html Mulbagal History
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  6. ^ BSY is known to waste tax payers'money. , Mulbagal dosas at BSY’s residence, holige at Karjol’s