Mulgrave, Nova Scotia

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Mulgrave
Town
Mulgrave Post Office
Mulgrave Post Office
Official seal of Mulgrave
Seal
Nickname(s): Deep Water Port
Motto: "Come be a part of our Family"
Mulgrave is located in Nova Scotia
Mulgrave
Mulgrave
Location of Mulgrave, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 45°36′48″N 61°23′30″W / 45.61333°N 61.39167°W / 45.61333; -61.39167
Country  Canada
Province  Nova Scotia
Municipality Guysborough County
Founded 1800
Incorporated December 1, 1923
Government
 • Mayor Lorne MacDonald [1]
 • Governing Body Mulgrave Town Council
 • MLA Jim Boudreau (NDP)
 • MP Rodger Cuzner (L)
Area
 • Total 17.81 km2 (6.88 sq mi)
Elevation 48 m (157 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 794
 • Density 44.6/km2 (116/sq mi)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Postal code B0E 2G0
Area code(s) 902
Telephone Exchange 747
Median Earnings* $40,339
NTS Map 011F11
GNBC Code CBAQK
Website townofmulgrave.ca
  • Median household income, 2005 ($) (all households)

Coordinates: 45°36′48″N 61°23′30″W / 45.61333°N 61.39167°W / 45.61333; -61.39167 (Mulgrave Nova Scotia) Mulgrave (2011 population: 794) is a town on the Strait of Canso in Guysborough County, Nova Scotia, Canada. The town's current name was adopted in 1859 to honour the colonial Lieutenant Governor, the Earl of Mulgrave. Mulgrave lies on the Strait of Canso opposite the town of Port Hawkesbury.

History[edit]

Mulgrave was first settled as McNair's Cove by British Loyalists fleeing from the American Revolution and soon became a part of the lumber trade with the English in the early part of the nineteenth century. In 1818, the lumber trade ended and the economy shifted to fishing, becoming by 1830 the major occupation. In 1833, a ferry service began between the Nova Scotia mainland and Cape Breton Island began. The ferry made an important contribution to the local economy. Steam power was introduced in 1863, boosting the amount of traffic that could be ferried.

The economy was badly affected however, when in 1870 trade agreements in the fishing industry were cancelled to protect the American fish market, and the local fishing industry collapsed. Gradually, people began moving away, and by 1880 more than a third of the population moved, mainly to New England in search of employment.[2]

The Scotia rail ferry on the Strait of Canso around the turn of the twentieth century

By the early 1900s the railroad industry had now become the main industry and Mulgrave was becoming a bustling terminal, equipped with freight sheds, marshalling yards, and auxiliary services of an efficient railway centre. Adding to the economy were a new lobster factory and a new rail ferry, which further increased capacity across the Strait of Canso to Port Hawkesbury. Ferry service through Mulgrave provided a rail and road gateway for traffic from mainland Nova Scotia and the rest of Canada to Cape Breton and Newfoundland. In 1923, the community was incorporated as a town.

In 1955, Mulgrave suffered a new blow to its economy with the opening of the Canso Causeway which immediately removed both road and rail traffic through the town. Recovery has been slow.

Notable residents[edit]

Demography[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1981 1,099 —    
1991 935 −14.9%
1996 896 −4.2%
2001 904 +0.9%
2006 879 −2.8%
2011 794 −9.7%
[3]

References[edit]

External links[edit]