Miller in 2004
|Born||August 13, 1955
Greenwood, Mississippi, U.S.
|Died||May 29, 2013
Allentown, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Labels||Landmark, Novus, Maxjazz|
|Associated acts||Art Blakey, Woody Shaw, Tony Williams|
Mulgrew Miller (August 13, 1955 – May 29, 2013) was an American jazz pianist. Miller's style was influential in jazz during the 1980s and 90s, and was in the tradition of Oscar Peterson and McCoy Tyner. Miller appeared on more than 400 albums.
After leaving university, Miller was pianist with the Duke Ellington Orchestra for three years. He then accompanied vocalist Betty Carter for eight months before he joined trumpeter Woody Shaw. Around three years with Shaw was followed by three with drummer Art Blakey's high profile band. After that, Miller was part of drummer Tony Williams' quintet. He also formed his own bands, and began recording under his own name in 1985.
Mulgrew Miller was born in Greenwood, Mississippi, to parents who had been raised on plantations. He had three brothers and four sisters. His family was not musical, but they had a piano, which no-one in the house could play. Miller, however, played tunes on the piano from the age of six, playing by ear. He had piano lessons from the age of eight. As a child, he played blues and rhythm and blues for dances, and gospel music in a church. His family was Methodist, but he played in churches of various denominations. His principal influence on piano at this stage was Ramsey Lewis. While at high school, he formed a trio that played at cocktail parties. His elder brother recommended that he listen to pianist Oscar Peterson, but there was no way of doing this in Greenwood until Peterson appeared on The Joey Bishop Show on television when Miller was about 14. After watching Peterson's performance, Miller decided to become a pianist: "It was a life changing event. I knew right then that I would be a jazz pianist". Miller later mentioned Art Tatum and Erroll Garner as piano influences during his teenage years. Years later, Miller reported that he always found that playing fast was easy, so playing slowly and with more control were what he had to work hardest on.
After graduating from Greenwood High School, Miller became a student at Memphis State University in 1973, attending with a band scholarship. He played euphonium, but, during his two years at the university, Miller met pianists Donald Brown and James Williams, who introduced him to the music of well-known players such as Wynton Kelly, Bud Powell, and McCoy Tyner. Still at Memphis State, he attended a jazz workshop, where one of the tutors was his future bandleader, Woody Shaw, who stated that he would see Miller again in two years. Two years later, they did meet again, and Shaw remembered Miller. After leaving university in 1975, Miller took lessons privately in Boston with Madame Margaret Chaloff, who had taught many of the pianists that Miller admired. He later commented that, "I should have stayed with her longer, [...] but at that time I was so restless, constantly on the move." While in Boston that winter, Miller was invited to Los Angeles by a school friend and decided to go, to escape the northern cold. He stayed on the West Coast for a year, playing locally in clubs and a church.
Near the end of 1976 Miller was invited to substitute for the regular pianist in the Duke Ellington Orchestra (led by Mercer Ellington). He had done the same thing for one weekend around a year earlier, and the new work was to be for only three weeks, but Miller ultimately toured with the orchestra for almost three years. His membership of the orchestra helped him, in the words of a piano magazine, to get "respect as a powerful, two-fisted pianist adept at delivering entrancingly lyrical and gracefully introspective runs as well as dazzling and buoyant passages." He left in January 1980, after being recruited by vocalist Betty Carter, with whom he toured for eight months in 1980. He was then part of Shaw's band from 1981 to 1983, thereby, in Miller's view, fulfilling his destiny from their earlier meetings. In 1981 he made his studio recording debut, on Shaw's United.:11 During the early 1980s he also accompanied vocalist Carmen Lundy, and played and recorded with saxophonist Johnny Griffin.:11 Miller was recommended to join Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers by Blakey members Terence Blanchard and Donald Harrison,:110–11 and he stayed in the drummer's band from 1983 to 1986. Initially, he struggled to fit in with Blakey dominating the rhythm section, but stated that, over his period with the band, "My playing just generally matured. I don't think one single characteristic changed, but the experience certainly boosted my confidence".:111 At times during concert performances, Miller was allotted a solo piano spot, which he used to play medleys. His presence in the Jazz Messengers cemented his reputation within jazz. A review of a solo concert in 1986 noted that his playing showed the influence of Powell on some numbers and Kelly on others, but that, overall, Miller was developing "his own, authoritative style".
After leaving Blakey, Miller was pianist in Tony Williams' quintet from its foundation in 1986 until the drummer's death, in 1997. Miller remained busy between tours with Williams' band, in part by touring in a group known as "Trio Transition", with bassist Reggie Workman and drummer Freddie Waits. He also played on the first three albums recorded by Williams bandmate Wallace Roney (1987–89), and a large number of albums recorded by other leaders in the 1980s. The influence of Williams continued into Miller's own projects, including their compositions and arrangements: The Guardian reviewer of Miller's Hand in Hand (1992) commented that "it's his occasional boss, drummer Tony Williams, who has made the strongest impression on the way he organises the material. The opening "Grew's Tune" and the bluesier numbers would slot unnoticed into the Williams library." In 1992 Miller also toured domestically and internationally with the "New York Jazz Giants", a septet containing John Faddis, Bobby Watson, Carl Allen, Tom Harrell, Lew Tabackin, and Ray Drummond. Miller continued to accompany vocalists, including on recordings with Dianne Reeves and Cassandra Wilson. In 1989 he joined three other pianists in recording a CD tribute to Memphis pianist Phineas Newborn, Jr. This group, the "Contemporary Piano Ensemble", performed intermittently until 1996, often playing together on four separate pianos. In 1997 Miller went on tour in Japan with 100 Golden Fingers, a troupe of 10 pianists.
In 1987 Miller formed his own band, named "Wingspan", as, he explained, "sort of a dedication to the legacy of Charlie Parker – Bird, you know." It became one of Miller's main bands, enduring through changes of personnel, and featured a lot of his compositions in its performances. He made over 15 albums under his own name during his career, beginning with Keys to the City in 1985. There were also four live albums in the early 2000s: Live at The Kennedy Center Vol. 1 and Live at The Kennedy Center Vol. 2 (2002), with Derrick Hodge (bass) and Rodney Green (drums); and Live at Yoshi's Vol. 1 and Live at Yoshi's Vol. 2 (2003), with Hodge and Karriem Riggins (drums). His last working trio consisted of Ivan Taylor on bass and Green on drums.
For several years after he had turned 40, Miller decided to concentrate on composing and playing his own music. He therefore reduced his recording and club appearances, as well as one-day associations. The stimulus for this change had built gradually from Miller's first recording in 1981: "my recording activity increased and by the time that it got into 1986–87 I was on so many records it was unbelievable until eventually it became rather overwhelming and stressful, so I had to cut back.":11
Miller joined bassist Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen in 1999 to record duets based on performances by Duke Ellington and Jimmy Blanton. The pair toured Europe the following year, with drummer Alvin Queen added for some concerts. In 2002 Miller's discography as leader began to expand again, as Maxjazz began to release recordings, mostly from concerts. In 2002 Miller joined bassist Ron Carter's Golden Striker Trio, with guitarist Russell Malone.:235 The trio occasionally toured internationally for the next decade. In the mid-2000s, Miller joined bassist Dave Holland's group, changing it from a quintet to a sextet. Around this time, Miller had two regular bands of his own: a piano trio, and a quintet featuring saxophone and vibraphone. In 2006 Lafayette College awarded him an honorary doctorate in Performing Arts.
Miller almost never transcribed recordings (something that jazz musicians are typically taught to do); he credited this with slowing his learning process, but also with allowing him to express himself more freely, as he reached his own understanding of the compositions he played.
Miller lived in Palmer Township, Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania from 1989. He was the Director of Jazz Studies at William Paterson University from 2005, and the Artist in Residence at Lafayette College in 2008. His only solo album, a 2000 concert recording entitled Solo, was released in 2010 and was well received by critics for the imagination and harmonic development in Miller's playing.
In 2010 Miller had a minor stroke. After this, he took medicine, changed his diet and lost weight. In 2012 he performed as a piano duo with Kenny Barron, continuing an association that had begun some years earlier. Although he had appeared to reduced his touring and recording, Miller was admitted to Lehigh Valley Hospital, near Allentown, Pennsylvania, on May 24, 2013, and died there, as a result of another stroke, on May 29. He was survived by his wife, son, daughter, and grandson.
Personal life and personality
I worked hard to maintain a certain mental and emotional equilibrium. It's mostly due to my faith in the Creator. I don't put all my eggs in that basket of being a rich and famous jazz guy. That allows me a certain amount of freedom, because I don't have to play music for money. I play music because I love it.
Playing style and influence
Miller had a strong reputation with fellow musicians. Pianist Geoffrey Keezer was convinced that he wanted to be a pianist after attending a performance by Miller in 1986. Vibraphonist Warren Wolf stated that Miller helped him early in his career, including by being a link to jazz history: "you're getting that experience of playing with Art Blakey, that attitude of 'Yes, it's my band, but you have to give other people a chance to shine.'" Robert Glasper also cited Miller as an influence, and wrote and recorded "One for 'Grew" as a tribute.
Ted Panken observed in 2004 that Miller "finds ways to conjure beauty from pentatonics and odd intervals, infusing his lines with church and blues strains and propelling them with a joyous, incessant beat." Critic John Fordham commented that Miller's "melodic fluency and percussive chordwork [...] recalled Oscar Peterson [...but] with glimpses of the harmonically freer methods of McCoy Tyner", and that Miller was much more than the hard bop player that he was often stereotyped as being. Miller himself attributed the lack of critical attention he received in comparison with more conceptual players to his style: "Guys who do what I am doing are viewed as passé." He also contrasted his own approach with that of performers who produced "interview music": "something that's obviously different, and you get the interviews and a certain amount of attention."
Speaking in 2010, Miller commented on his approach to playing standards, which was more conservative than that of many others: "I believe in giving due respect to the melody, playing it as true as possible, [...] a solo is a creative process that improves the melody."
The obituary writer for Down Beat observed that "Miller could swing hard but maintained grace and precision with a touch and facility that influenced generations of musicians." Ben Ratliff, writing for The New York Times, commented that, "As a composer, Mr. Miller is difficult to peg; like his piano playing, he's a bit of everything."
These lists exclude compilations.
|1985||Keys to the City||Landmark||Trio, with Ira Coleman (bass), Marvin "Smitty" Smith (drums)|
|1986||Work||Landmark||Trio, with Charnett Moffett (bass), Terri Lyne Carrington (drums)|
|1987||Wingspan||Landmark||Sextet, with Kenny Garrett (flute, alto sax), Steve Nelson (vibraphone), Charnett Moffett (bass), Tony Reedus (drums), Rudy Bird (percussion)|
|1988||The Countdown||Landmark||Quartet, with Joe Henderson (tenor sax), Ron Carter (bass), Tony Williams (drums)|
|1988||Trio Transition with Special Guest Oliver Lake||Disk Union||As "Trio Transition" – with Reggie Workman (bass), Frederick Waits (drums); and Oliver Lake (alto sax)|
|1990||From Day to Day||Landmark||Trio, with Robert Hurst (bass), Kenny Washington (drums)|
|1991||Time and Again||Landmark||Trio, with Peter Washington (bass), Tony Reedus (drums)|
|1992||Hand in Hand||Novus||Quintet to septet, with Kenny Garrett (soprano sax, alto sax), Joe Henderson (tenor sax), Eddie Henderson (trumpet, flugelhorn), Steve Nelson (vibraphone), Christian McBride (bass), Lewis Nash (drums)|
|1993||With Our Own Eyes||Novus||Trio, with Richie Goods (bass), Tony Reedus (drums)|
|1995||Getting to Know You||Novus||Trio, with Richie Goods (bass), Karriem Riggins (drums); quintet with Big Black (conga), Steve Kroon (percussion) added on some tracks|
|1999||The Duets||Bang & Olufsen||Duo, with Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen (bass)|
|2000||Solo||Space Time||Solo; in concert; released 2010|
|2002||The Sequel||Maxjazz||Sextet, with Steve Wilson (soprano sax, alto sax), Duane Eubanks (trumpet), Steve Nelson (vibraphone), Richie Goods (bass), Karriem Riggins (drums)|
|2002||Live at the Kennedy Center Vol. 1||Maxjazz||Trio, with Derrick Hodge (bass), Rodney Green (drums); in concert|
|2002||Live at the Kennedy Center: Vol. 2||Maxjazz||Trio, with Derrick Hodge (bass), Rodney Green (drums); in concert|
|2003||Live at Yoshi's, Vol. 1||Maxjazz||Trio, with Derrick Hodge (bass), Karriem Riggins (drums); in concert|
|2003||Live at Yoshi's, Vol. 2||Maxjazz||Trio, with Derrick Hodge (bass), Karriem Riggins (drums); in concert|
|2012||Grew's Tune||Stunt||With Klüver's Big Band; in concert|
An asterisk (*) indicates that it is year of release, not recording.
|1993||Allen, CarlCarl Allen||The Dark Side of Dewey||Evidence|
|2002||Allyson, KarrinKarrin Allyson||In Blue||Concord|
|1990||Ashby, HaroldHarold Ashby||What Am I Here For?||Criss Cross|
|1994||Bartz, GaryGary Bartz||The Red and Orange Poems||Atlantic|
|1984||Blakey, ArtArt Blakey||New York Scene||Concord|
|1985||Blakey, ArtArt Blakey||Blue Night||Timeless|
|1985||Blakey, ArtArt Blakey||Live at Kimball's||Concord|
|1985||Blakey, ArtArt Blakey||Live at Sweet Basil||Paddle Wheel|
|1985||Blakey, ArtArt Blakey||Dr. Jeckyle||Evidence|
|1985||Blakey, ArtArt Blakey||New Year's Eve at Sweet Basil||Paddle Wheel|
|1983||Blanchard, TerenceTerence Blanchard and Donald Harrison||New York Second Line||Concord|
|1984||Blanchard, TerenceTerence Blanchard and Donald Harrison||Discernment||Concord|
|1986||Blanchard, TerenceTerence Blanchard and Donald Harrison||Nascence||Columbia|
|1986||Bluiett, HamietHamiet Bluiett||Last Night||Just a Memory|
|2000||Burton, GaryGary Burton||For Hamp, Red, Bags and Cal||Concord|
|1987||Byrd, DonaldDonald Byrd||Harlem Blues||Landmark|
|2008*||Carr, PaulPaul Carr||Musically Yours||PCJ|
|1992||Carter, BettyBetty Carter||It's Not About the Melody||Verve|
|2002||Carter, RonRon Carter||The Golden Striker||Blue Note|
|2011*||Carter, RonRon Carter||Great Big Band||Sunnyside|
|2010||Carter, RonRon Carter||San Sebastian||In + Out|
|1998||Chambers, JoeJoe Chambers||Mirrors||Blue Note|
|1989||Contemporary Piano Ensemble, TheThe Contemporary Piano Ensemble||Four Pianos for Phineas||Evidence|
|1993||Contemporary Piano Ensemble, TheThe Contemporary Piano Ensemble||The Key Players||Sony|
|1992||Daniels, EddieEddie Daniels and Gary Burton||Benny Rides Again||Contemporary|
|1991*||Davis, JesseJesse Davis||Horn of Passion||Concord|
|1997||Davis, JesseJesse Davis||First Insight||Concord|
|2005||Dizzy Gillespie All-Star Big Band, TheThe Dizzy Gillespie All-Star Big Band||Dizzy's Business||Telarc|
|1999||Dizzy Gillespie Alumni All-Stars, TheThe Dizzy Gillespie Alumni All-Stars||Dizzy's World||Shanachie|
|1989*||Duke Ellington Orchestra, TheThe Duke Ellington Orchestra||Music Is My Mistress||Musicmasters|
|2000||D'Earth, JohnJohn D'Earth||Restoration Comedy||Double T|
|1986||Easley, BillBill Easley||Wind Inventions||Sunnyside|
|2001||Ellis, DaveDave Ellis||State of Mind||Milestone|
|1989||Eubanks, RobinRobin Eubanks||Dedication||Winter & Winter|
|1991||Fortune, SonnySonny Fortune||It Ain't What It Was||Konnex|
|1990||Franck, TomasTomas Franck||Tomas Franck in New York||Criss Cross|
|1984||Garrett, KennyKenny Garrett||Introducing Kenny Garrett||Criss Cross|
|1988||Garrett, KennyKenny Garrett||Garrett 5||Bellaphon|
|1990*||Garrett, KennyKenny Garrett||African Exchange Student||Atlantic|
|1998||Garrett, KennyKenny Garrett||Simply Said||Warner Bros.|
|2006||Garrett, KennyKenny Garrett||Beyond the Wall||Nonesuch|
|1989||Golson, BennyBenny Golson||Live||Dreyfus|
|1990||Golson, BennyBenny Golson||Quartet||Lester Recording Catalog|
|1992||Golson, BennyBenny Golson||I Remember Miles||Evidence|
|1996–2000||Golson, BennyBenny Golson||One Day, Forever||Arkadia|
|1994||Goodman, GabrielleGabrielle Goodman||Until We Love||Winter & Winter|
|1983||Griffin, JohnnyJohnny Griffin||Call It Whachawana||Galaxy|
|1997||Harris, StefonStefon Harris||A Cloud of Red Dust||Blue Note|
|1999*||Harrison, DonaldDonald Harrison||Free to Be||Impulse!|
|2004||Harrison, DonaldDonald Harrison||The Survivor||Nagel Heyer|
|1991*||Hart, AntonioAntonio Hart||For the First Time||Novus|
|1993*||Hart, AntonioAntonio Hart||For Cannonball and Woody||Novus|
|2010*||Hayes, LouisLouis Hayes||Lou's Idea||American Showplace Music|
|1990||Herring, VincentVincent Herring||Evidence||Landmark|
|1991–92||Herring, VincentVincent Herring||Dawnbird||Landmark|
|2001||Herring, VincentVincent Herring||Simple Pleasure||High Note|
|2007||Holland, DaveDave Holland||Pass It On||Dare2/Emarcy|
|1983||Horizon Quintet, TheThe Horizon Quintet||Gumbo||Amigo|
|1985||Hubbard, FreddieFreddie Hubbard and Woody Shaw||Double Take||Blue Note|
|1987||Hubbard, FreddieFreddie Hubbard and Woody Shaw||The Eternal Triangle||Blue Note|
|1985||Hutcherson, BobbyBobby Hutcherson||Color Schemes||Landmark|
|1993||Hutcherson, BobbyBobby Hutcherson||Acoustic Masters II||Atlantic|
|2003*||Colon, JavierJavier Colon||Javier||Capitol|
|2003||Jones, SeanSean Jones||Eternal Journey||Mack Avenue|
|1998*||Joyce, Joyce||Astronauta: Canções De Elis||Pau Brasil|
|2002||Keezer, GeoffGeoff Keezer||Sublime: Honoring the Music of Hank Jones||Telarc|
|2000*||Kerr, TrudyTrudy Kerr||Day Dream||Jazzizit|
|1993*||Kisor, RyanRyan Kisor||On the One||Columbia|
|2001*||Klein, DavidDavid Klein||My Marilyn||Enja|
|2000||Land, HaroldHarold Land||Promised Land||Audiophoric|
|1992||Liebman, DavidDavid Liebman||Setting the Standard||Red|
|1993||Lovano, JoeJoe Lovano||Tenor Legacy||Blue Note|
|1995||Lovano, JoeJoe Lovano||Quartets: Live at the Village Vanguard||Blue Note|
|2000||Lynch, BrianBrian Lynch||Tribute to the Trumpet Masters||Sharp Nine|
|2012||Magnarelli, JoeJoe Magnarelli||Live at Smalls||Smallslive|
|2001||Margitza, RickRick Margitza||Memento||Palmetto|
|2000||Marie, RenéRené Marie||How Can I Keep from Singing?||Maxjazz|
|2001||Marie, RenéRené Marie||Vertigo||Maxjazz|
|1983||Marsalis, BranfordBranford Marsalis||Scenes in the City||Columbia|
|2002||Marsalis, DelfeayoDelfeayo Marsalis||Minions Dominion||Troubadour Jass|
|2004*||Mason, HarveyHarvey Mason||With All My Heart||BMG|
|2005*||McNulty, ChrisChris McNulty||Dance Delicisio||Elefant Dreams|
|1995||McPherson, CharlesCharles McPherson||Come Play with Me||Arabesque|
|1997||McPherson, CharlesCharles McPherson||Manhattan Nocturne||Arabesque|
|1996||Mobley, BillBill Mobley||Live at Small's Vol. 1||Space Time|
|1996||Mobley, BillBill Mobley||Live at Small's Vol. 2||Space Time|
|2007||Mobley, BillBill Mobley||Moodscape||Space Time|
|2006*||Montague, AntoinetteAntoinette Montague||Pretty Blues||CAP|
|2010*||Montague, AntoinetteAntoinette Montague||Behind the Smile||In The Groove|
|1995||Moody, JamesJames Moody||Moody's Party||Telarc|
|1996||Moody, JamesJames Moody||Young at Heart||Warner Bros.|
|1988||Moore, RalphRalph Moore||Rejuvenate!||Criss Cross|
|1988||Morgan, FrankFrank Morgan||Yardbird Suite||Contemporary|
|1989||Morgan, FrankFrank Morgan||Reflections||Contemporary|
|1995*||Muldrow, RonaldRonald Muldrow||Diaspora||Enja|
|1998||Muldrow, RonaldRonald Muldrow||Freedom's Serenade||Double-Time|
|1989||Nash, LewisLewis Nash||Rhythm Is My Business||Evidence|
|2006||Nash, LewisLewis Nash||Jazz Museum: Tribute to Great Artists||All Art|
|1987–89||Nelson, SteveSteve Nelson||Communications||Criss Cross|
|1999||Nelson, SteveSteve Nelson||New Beginnings||TCB|
|2007||Nelson, SteveSteve Nelson||Sound Effect||High Note|
|1990||Newsome, SamSam Newsome||Sam I Am||Criss Cross|
|1991*||New York Voices, New York Voices||Hearts of Fire||GRP|
|1995*||Osby, GregGreg Osby||Black Book||Blue Note|
|1994||Payton, NicholasNicholas Payton||From This Moment||Verve|
|1997||Payton, NicholasNicholas Payton and Lew Soloff, Tom Harrell, Eddie Henderson||Trumpet Legacy||Milestone|
|2005||Pedron, PierrickPierrick Pedron||Deep in a Dream||Nocturne|
|2003||Pelt, JeremyJeremy Pelt||Close to My Heart||Maxjazz|
|1991||Pierce, BillyBilly Pierce||One for Chuck||Sunnyside|
|1988||Reedus, TonyTony Reedus||The Far Side||Evidence|
|1988||Reeves, DianneDianne Reeves||The Nearness of You||Blue Note|
|1997*||Reeves, DianneDianne Reeves||That Day||Blue Note|
|1999*||Reeves, DianneDianne Reeves||Bridges||Blue Note|
|2000||Reeves, DianneDianne Reeves||The Calling||Blue Note|
|1987||Roney, WallaceWallace Roney||Verses||Muse|
|1988||Roney, WallaceWallace Roney||Intuition||Muse|
|1989||Roney, WallaceWallace Roney||The Standard Bearer||Muse|
|2001||Rotondi, JimJim Rotondi||Destination Up!||Sharp Nine|
|1990||Sanborn, DavidDavid Sanborn||Another Hand||Elektra|
|1994||Sanborn, DavidDavid Sanborn||Pearls||Elektra|
|2000||Sandke, RandyRandy Sandke||Cliffhanger||Nagel-Heyer|
|1977||Shaw, WoodyWoody Shaw||Woody Shaw Live Volume Three||High Note|
|1980–81||Shaw, WoodyWoody Shaw||Field Recordings of a Jazz Master||International Trumpet Guild|
|1981||Shaw, WoodyWoody Shaw||United||Columbia|
|1982||Shaw, WoodyWoody Shaw||Lotus Flower||Enja|
|1982||Shaw, WoodyWoody Shaw||Master of the Art||Elektra/Musician|
|1982||Shaw, WoodyWoody Shaw||Night Music||Elektra/Musician|
|1983||Shaw, WoodyWoody Shaw||The Time Is Right||Red|
|2008||Sipiagin, AlexAlex Sipiagin||Mirages||Criss Cross|
|1990||Smulyan, GaryGary Smulyan||The Lure of Beauty||Criss Cross|
|1990||Snidero, JimJim Snidero||Storm Rising||Ken Music|
|1998||Soloff, LewLew Soloff||With a Song in My Heart||Milestone|
|1988||Spaulding, JamesJames Spaulding||Gotstabe a Better Way||Muse|
|2003||Stafford, TerellTerell Stafford||New Beginnings||Maxjazz|
|1991*||Stryker, DaveDave Stryker||Guitar on Top||Strikezone|
|1984||Stubblefield, JohnJohn Stubblefield||Confessin'||Soul Note|
|1987||Stubblefield, JohnJohn Stubblefield||Countin' on the Blues||Enja|
|1988||Superblue, Superblue||Superblue||Blue Note|
|1993||Swallow, SteveSteve Swallow||Real Book||XtraWatt|
|1991||Swana, JohnJohn Swana||John Swana and Friends||Criss Cross|
|1997||Sykes, JubilantJubilant Sykes||Jubilant||CBS|
|1997||Tardy, GregoryGregory Tardy||Serendipity||Impulse!|
|1989||Thielemans, TootsToots Thielemans||Footprints||Emarcy|
|1991||Thomas, GaryGary Thomas||The Kold Kage||Winter & Winter|
|2001||Toussaint, JeanJean Toussaint||Blue Black||Space Time|
|1997||Turre, SteveSteve Turre||Lotus Flower||Verve|
|2000||Turre, SteveSteve Turre||TNT||Telarc|
|2004||Turre, SteveSteve Turre||The Spirits up Above||Half Note|
|2008*||Turre, SteveSteve Turre||Rainbow People||High Note|
|1999*||Urban Jazz Network, Urban Jazz Network||Urban Dreams||Mankind|
|1996*||Walden, MyronMyron Walden||Hypnosis||NYC|
|1998||Wallace, BennieBennie Wallace||Someone to Watch over Me||Enja|
|2001*||Wallace, BennieBennie Wallace||Moodsville||Groovenote|
|1983||Watson, BobbyBobby Watson||Jewel||Evidence|
|1983||Watson, BobbyBobby Watson||Gumbo||Evidence|
|1987||Watson, BobbyBobby Watson||The Year of the Rabbit||Evidence|
|1983||Watson, BobbyBobby Watson and Curtis Lundy||Beatitudes||New Note|
|1993||Watts, ErnieErnie Watts||Reaching Up||JVC|
|1999*||Watts, ErnieErnie Watts||Classic Moods||JVC|
|2009*||White, ChipChip White||More Dedications||Dark Colors|
|1995*||White, LennyLenny White||Present Tense||Hip Bop|
|1985||Williams, TonyTony Williams||Foreign Intrigue||Blue Note|
|1986||Williams, TonyTony Williams||Civilization||Blue Note|
|1988||Williams, TonyTony Williams||Angel Street||Blue Note|
|1989||Williams, TonyTony Williams||Native Heart||Blue Note|
|1991||Williams, TonyTony Williams||The Story of Neptune||Blue Note|
|1992||Williams, TonyTony Williams||Tokyo Live||Blue Note|
|1996||Williams, TonyTony Williams||Young at Heart||Columbia|
|1988||Wilson, CassandraCassandra Wilson||Blue Skies||JMT|
|1991||Wilson, SteveSteve Wilson||New York Summit||Criss Cross|
|1998||Wilson, SteveSteve Wilson||Generations||Stretch|
|2005||Wolf, WarrenWarren Wolf||Incredible Jazz Vibes||M&I|
|2009||Wolf, WarrenWarren Wolf||Black Wolf||M&I|
- Yanow, Scott "Artist Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
- Brown, Hillary (August 2013) "Pianist Mulgrew Miller Dies of Stroke at Age 57". Down Beat. p. 18.
- "Mulgrew Miller". Allaboutjazz.com. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
- Bourne, Kay (November 2, 1995) "Musician's Musician Jazz Pianist Performs in Homage to His Roots". The Bay State Banner. p. 17.
- "Mulgrew Miller: Obituary". Lehigh Valley Live reprinting from The Express Times. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
- Dockery, Ben (September 9, 2008) "Mulgrew Miller – Stressing Conceptual Clarity". Chicago Jazz Magazine.
- Chinen, Nate (May 29, 2013) "Mulgrew Miller, Influential Jazz Pianist, Dies at 57". New York Times.
- Mergner, Lee (January 18, 2010) "Mulgrew Miller to Appear with Julliard [sic] Jazz Ensemble in Celebration of MLK Day". JazzTimes.
- "Mulgrew Miller, R.I.P. (1955–2013) – A Downbeat Article and Several Interviews". (May 29, 2013) Transcript of WKCR interview from May 4, 1988. tedpanken.wordpress.com
- Panken, Ted (2005) "Mulgrew Miller, R.I.P. (1955–2013) – A Downbeat Article and Several Interviews". (May 29, 2013) Interview transcript. tedpanken.wordpress.com.
- "Miller's Tale" (1993) Piano & Keyboard. p. 328.
- Feather, Leonard & Gitler, Ira (1999) The Biographical Encyclopedia of Jazz, p. 152. Oxford University Press.
- Panken, Ted (2005) "Mulgrew Miller, R.I.P. (1955–2013) – A Downbeat Article and Several Interviews". (May 29, 2013) Transcript of WKCR interview from October 24, 2004. tedpanken.wordpress.com.
- Lewis, Alwyn and Lewis, Laurie (March 1995) "Mulgrew Miller: Interview". Cadence 21.
- Saunders, Jon (May 7, 1981) "Carmen Lundy: Rising Star". New York Amsterdam News. p. 39.
- "Dizzy Set to Perform in Mary Lou Jazz Concert" (December 10, 1983) New York Amsterdam News. p. 23.
- Goldsher, Alan (2002) "Hard Bop Academy: The Sidemen of Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers". Hal Leonard Corporation.
- Stokes, W. Royal (November 13, 1984) "Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers". The Washington Post. p. B4.
- Gelly, Dave (February 17, 1985) "Art's Jazz". The Observer. p. 25.
- "Mulgrew Miller". (June 2, 2013) The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
- Pareles, Jon (June 28, 1986) "Mulgrew Miller Plays Solo Piano Concert". New York Times. p. 9.
- Emenari, Lofton (February 18, 1996) "Horn of Plenty: Wallace Roney". Chicago Weekend. p. 20.
- Morton, Brian and Cook, Richard (2010) The Penguin Jazz Guide: The History of the Music in the 1,001 Best Albums. p. . Penguin.
- Atkins, Ronald (August 13, 1993) "Mulgrew Miller: Hand in Hand". The Guardian. p. 27.
- Kozinn, Allan (June 27, 1992) "McFerrin Pulls the Strings, Bringing Audience to Life". The New York Times. p. 13.
- The Guardian. (June 4, 1992) p. 30.
- Yanow, Scott "Contemporary Piano Ensemble: Four Pianos for Phineas". AllMusic. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
- Yanow, Scott "Artist Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
- Lees, Gene (January/February 2000) "Renee Rosnes: Cultural Blessings". JazzTimes.
- Fordham, John (May 31, 2013) "Mulgrew Miller Obituary". The Guardian.
- Tamarkin, Jeff (May 29, 2013) "Pianist Mulgrew Miller Dead at 57". JazzTimes.
- Minor, William (1995) Unzipped Souls: A Jazz Journey Through the Soviet Union. pp. 72, 90. Temple University Press.
- Panken, Ted (2005) "Mulgrew Miller: No Apologies". Down Beat. Reprinted at "Mulgrew Miller, R.I.P. (1955–2013) – A Downbeat Article and Several Interviews". (May 29, 2013) tedpanken.wordpress.com.
- Fordham, John (October 28, 1999) "Jazz: Ellington Emulated". The Guardian. p. 25.
- Cook, Richard and Morton, Brian (2008) The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings (9th ed.). Penguin.
- Hobart, Mike (April 3, 2007) "Ron Carter's Golden Striker Trio Ronnie Scott's, London". The Financial Times. p. 11.
- Hobart, Mike (April 1, 2011) "Ron Carter, Ronnie Scott's, London". ft.com
- Hale, James (December 2008) "Dave Holland Sextet: Pass It On". Down Beat. p. 74.
- Ratliff, Ben (September 21, 2004) "Piano Classicist Strikes a Delicate Balance". The New York Times. p. E6.
- Moser, John J. (May 31, 2013) "Influential Jazz Pianist Mulgrew Miller, 57, Dies; Palmer Resident Played with Greats". The Morning Call.
- Porter, Christopher (October 2002) "Mulgrew Miller". JazzTimes.
- Scott, Ron (June 6, 2013) "Prominent Jazz Pianist Mulgrew Miller Dies at 57". New York Amsterdam News. p. 23.
- Hobart, Mike (September 25, 2010) "Mulgrew Miller: Solo". ft.com
- Szlamowicz, Jean (May 29, 2013) "Mulgrew Miller". Jazz Hot 664.
- Beckerman, Jim (May 31, 2013) "Jazz Pianist, President of William Paterson University's Jazz Program, Mulgrew Miller, Dies at 57". NorthJersey.com.
- "Mulgrew Miller/Kenny Barron Duo". (October 7, 2012) Jazz Times.
- Smith, James Henry "Kenny Barron and Mulgrew Miller at Jazz at the Bistro, St Louis, September 23, 2010". (September 28, 2010) All About Jazz.
- Unger, Amy (May 30, 2013) "Mulgrew Miller, Noted Jazz Musician Who Lived in Easton, Dies". wfmz.com.
- Himes, Geoffrey (November 2013) "Warren Wolf: A Complete Musician". Down Beat. p. 48.
- Lutz, Phillip (July 25, 2010) "Jazz Piano Giants Spanning the Years". The New York Times. P. CT10.
- Ratliff, Ben (January 27, 2001) "Jazz Review: The Percussive Language of a Doleful Performer". The New York Times. p. B19.
- Hobart, Mike (September 25, 2010) "Mulgrew Miller: Solo". The Financial Times.
- Wynn, Ron "Review". AllMusic. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
- Discography as leader, by Michael Fitzgerald.
- "The Folk Element Is Intact: (Four Mulgrew Miller Solos)". Transcriptions of Miller solos, by Ethan Iverson.