Mull of Galloway

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mull of Galloway
Scottish Gaelic: Maol nan Gall
Mull of Galloway Lighthouse 05-09-03 14.jpeg
Lighthouse on the Mull of Galloway
Mull of Galloway is located in Dumfries and Galloway
Mull of Galloway
Mull of Galloway
 Mull of Galloway shown within Dumfries and Galloway
OS grid reference NX158303
Council area Dumfries and Galloway
Lieutenancy area Wigtownshire
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town STRANRAER
Postcode district DG9
Dialling code 01776
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Dumfries and Galloway
Scottish Parliament Galloway and West Dumfries
List of places
UK
Scotland

Coordinates: 54°38′06″N 4°51′23″W / 54.635083°N 4.856336°W / 54.635083; -4.856336

The Mull of Galloway (Scottish Gaelic: Maol nan Gall, pronounced [mɯːlˠ̪ nəŋ kaulˠ̪]) (grid reference NX158303) is the southernmost point of Scotland. It is situated in Wigtownshire, Dumfries and Galloway.

Mull of Galloway headland

A lighthouse is positioned at the point 54°38′06.30″N 04°51′22.81″W / 54.6350833°N 4.8563361°W / 54.6350833; -4.8563361. Built in 1830 by engineer Robert Stevenson, the white-painted round tower is 26 metres (85 ft) high. The light is 99 metres (325 ft) above sea level and has a range of 28 nautical miles (52 km).[1]

During World War II, a French member of the British Air Transport Auxiliary (ATA), Cladius Echallier, died by striking the Lighthouse in a Beaufighter, while making a low landfall from the Irish Sea. [2]

The Mull has one of the last remaining sections of natural coastal habitat on the Galloway coast and as such supports a wide variety of plant and animal species. It is now a nature reserve managed by the RSPB. Mull means rounded hill or mountain.

The lighthouse is now automatic, and an old outhouse has been converted into a visitor centre, run by the South Rhins Community Development Trust, a group of local people and businesses. In the summer, the lighthouse is open by the Trust every weekend between 10:00 am and 4:00 pm; an additional day, Monday, is added to these opening times during July and August. There is a minimal charge for entry. In 2004 a new café was built at the Mull of Galloway, called the "Gallie Craig". Its design incorporates into the landscape with a turf roof, giving views across to Ireland and South to the Isle of Man.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.nlb.org.uk/ourlights/Mull%20of%20Galloway%20leaflet.pdf
  2. ^ The Forgotten Pilots, Lettice Curtis, Page 153

External links[edit]