Multai

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Multai
city
Multai is located in Madhya Pradesh
Multai
Multai
Location in Madhya Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 21°46′N 78°15′E / 21.77°N 78.25°E / 21.77; 78.25Coordinates: 21°46′N 78°15′E / 21.77°N 78.25°E / 21.77; 78.25
Country  India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Betul
Elevation 749 m (2,457 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 21,428
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Multai is a small town and a Nagar Palika[1] in Betul district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. Multai is one of the southern cities of Madhya Pradesh, occupying almost half of the Satpura plateau. Considering the small villages around, it occupies a large area in width of the Satpura range between the valley of the Narmada on the north and the bearer plains on the south. Forests lie to the west of the city between the districts of Nimar (East) and Amaraoti. It lies on the Northern bank of the Tapti.

Geography[edit]

Multai is located at 21°46′N 78°15′E / 21.77°N 78.25°E / 21.77; 78.25.[2] It has an average elevation of 749  metres (2457  feet). Multai is the holy place and origin for river Tapti. The daughter of Surya, the Sun God, Mata Tapti is worshiped here in two different temples Prachin Mandir and Naveen Mandir. The Multai town is decorated on Akhad Saptami Tapti Janmotsav and an annual Mela is organized on this occasion. In Multai town there are many ancient Hindu Temples, dedicated to Lord Shiva and Hanuman.

Boundaries[edit]

Betul District Map.

Multai is bounded on the north by town Amla, on the south by Amaraoti district of Maharastra, on the east by Chhindwara District and on the west by the District Betul. The southern boundary of the city runs almost along the southern foothills of the Melghat range, but excludes Hatti Ghat and Chikalda hills in Amaraoti district. Jambadi (6 KM) , Sandiya (7 KM) , Sirsawadi (7 KM) , Karpa (8 KM) , Narkhed (9 KM) are the nearby Villages to Multai. Multai is surrounded by Prabhat Pattan Tehsil towards south , Amla Tehsil towards north , Warud Tehsil towards south , Pandhurna Tehsil towards east .

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Multai had a population of 21,428. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Multai has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 68%. In Multai, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Multai is well connected to its neighboring districts Amaravati, Betul, Amla, Nagpur, Chhindwara through rail and road. The nearest airport is Nagpur Airport (120 km) away which is well connected to Multai with frequent buses and taxi services round the clock.

Origin[edit]

The original name of the city Multai was Multapi, named after the river Tapti that originates from here. During the Maratha regime and British rule, Multai was one of the regional headquarters connecting the District Headquarter in the north to the District Headquarter 'Nagpur' of Maharashtra.

Culture[edit]

The city has a vivid culture due to a variety of religions and traditions in practice. The northern part of the district of Multai has a touch of Bundelkhandi language and culture. The southern belt of the district has overtone of Marathi Language and Maharastrian culture. The rest of the district is predominantly tribal, populated by the Gonds and Korkus, who worship Bada Mahadev, practice rituals of animal sacrifice and follow superstitions. They use natural herbs for healthcare and medication.

Major Religions, Castes and Languages[edit]

Religion : Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Jain, Christian, Buddhist.
Castes : Gonds, Korkus, Kurmis, Kunbis, Bhoyars, Meharas, Chamars, Banias, Rajpuths.
Languages : Hindi, Gondi, Marathi, Korku.

The Tapti River[edit]

Tapti River, Multai

The Tapti River is one of the best place for tourism in Betul district. [4]

Origin[edit]

'Tapti' also spelled as 'Tapi' is one of the major rivers in India. The total length of the Tapi river is approximately 724 km. It flows in the central parts of India. The river originates from Multai in Betul district of Madhya Pradesh in the Satpura range at an elevation of 752 meter above the sea level. The states through which the Tapi river flows include Maharashtra, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. Apart from the Narmada river, Tapi is the only river which flows in the westward direction and merges into the Arabian Sea. The Tapi basin extends to the total area of 65, 145 sq km, which is approximately 2.0% of the total geographical area of India. The main tributaries of the Tapi river are Purna, The Girna, The Panjhra, The Vaghur, the Bori and the Aner.

Religious Significance[edit]

According to the legends, Tapi river also known as Tapti, is the daughter of Surya (the Sun God). Some says that Surya created the Tapi river in order to save himself from his own intense heat. The river finds mention in the great Indian epic Mahabharata, according to which Tapti had married Sanvaran, a legendary hero of the moon dynasty. Tapti and Sanvaran also had the son called Kuru. It was on his name only the Kuru dynasty started. Tapi is considered as the Goddess among the Hindus and is worshiped among them.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nagar Palika". District Administration Betul. 13 September 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2014. 
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Multai
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  4. ^ "Tapti River". District Administration Betul. 13 September 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2014.