Multiboot Specification

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The Multiboot Specification is an open standard describing a method of loading various x86 kernels using a single compliant boot loader.[1] The specification was created in 1995 and developed by the Free Software Foundation. GNU Hurd, VMware ESXi, Xen, and L4 microkernels all need to be booted using this method. GNU GRUB is the reference implementation used in the GNU operating system.[2]

As of October 2013, latest version of Multiboot Specification is 0.6.96.[1]

The following software is known to be compliant with the Multiboot Specification:[3][unreliable source?]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d This bootloader is itself compliant with Multiboot specification, and it may be used to load non-compatible operating systems.


  1. ^ a b Ford, Bryan; Boleyn, Erich Stefan; FSF (2009). "Multiboot specification" (0.6.96 ed.). GNU. Retrieved 2013-10-11. 
  2. ^ "Booting with GRUB". OSDEV. June 25, 2006. Archived from the original on December 28, 2008. 
  3. ^ Okuji, Yoshinori K., Operating systems that support Multiboot, GrubWiki, archived from the original on August 19, 2010 
  4. ^ "GRUB invaders". Retrieved 8 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "From power-on to the login prompt",, retrieved December 1, 2014 .
  6. ^ Merino Vidal, Julio M. (March 1, 2007), "Making NetBSD Multiboot-Compatible", (O'Reilly Media), retrieved October 2, 2012 .
  7. ^ Steinberg, Udo (October 21, 2012), "NOVA Microhypervisor",, retrieved March 17, 2013 
  8. ^ "9front Installation Guide". Retrieved 28 September 2014.