Multinational Force and Observers Medal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Multinational Force and Observers Medal
MFO - Observers Medal.jpg
MFO medal
Awarded by Multinational Force and Observers
Type Campaign medal
Eligibility Members of the MFO team
Awarded for 170 days service
Status Active
Statistics
Established March 24, 1982
Precedence
Next (higher) Varies by country
Next (lower) Varies by country
Related MFO Civilian Medal
MFO Director General's Award
MFO Medal ribbon.png
Ribbon for the Multinational Force and Observers Medal

The Multinational Force and Observers Medal is an international military decoration which was first created on March 24, 1982. The medal was established under the authority of the Director-General of the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) which were established to monitor a neutral ceasefire zone, between Egypt and Israel, as the result of the Yom Kippur War of 1973.

Clasps and Bars[edit]

Silver numerals, beginning with numeral '2', worn on the medal ribbon are awarded for additional periods of service with the same mission.

Manner of wear[edit]

Australian Defence Force[edit]

The Multinational Force and Observers Medal is authorized to be worn as a foreign medal for the Australian Defence Force (ADF). The medal is worn after Australian medals, with other foreign awards, in the order of date of receipt.

Canadian Forces[edit]

The Multinational Force and Observers Medal is considered an authorized medal within the International Mission Medals category (located after NATO Awards and before Commemorative Awards) for the Canadian Forces (CF). Its order of precedence within the International Missions Medals category is based on date of award (1982–present) and may be worn directly after the International Commission for Control and Supervision Medal (1973) and before the European Community Monitor Mission Medal for Yugoslavia (1991).

New Zealand Defence Force[edit]

The Multinational Force and Observers Medal is considered an authorized medal for the New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) within the Foreign Medals category, the last category in the New Zealand order of precedence. The MFO Medal is worn directly after the Kuwait Liberation Medal and the Korean War Service Medal.

United States Armed Forces[edit]

The United States military began issuing the Multinational Force and Observers Medal on July 28, 1982. The medal was made retroactive to August 1981 and was presented to any United States service member who served at least ninety cumulative days as a member of the Multinational Force and Observers. On March 15, 1985, the time period was increased to a minimum of 170 days. The time frame could be waived if the award was presented posthumously, a service member was medically evacuated from the region, or if the Director-General of the Multinational Force and Observers presented the award for a specific act or special case.

The Multinational Force and Observers Medal is authorized for wear as a United States military award under the category of "Non-U.S. service award" and is worn after all U.S. decorations and before foreign awards of individual countries. Multiple presentations are denoted by award numerals. Similar international military decorations include the NATO Service Medals and the United Nations Service Medals.

Precedence[edit]

Some orders of precedence are as follows:

Country Preceding Following
Canada Canada
Order of precedence[1]
International Commission for Control and Supervision Medal European Community Monitor Mission Medal
United States United States
Order of precedence[2]
NATO Medal Inter-American Defense Board Medal

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Canadian Honours Chart". http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca. Chief Military Personnel Canadian, Canadian Armed Forces. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  2. ^ "Navy Awards Precedence Chart". Retrieved 7 November 2014. 

External links[edit]