Multnomah County Courthouse

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Multnomah County Courthouse
Multnomah County Courthouse
General information
Architectural style Neoclassical
Location 1021 SW 4th Ave., Portland, Oregon, USA
Current tenants County Courts, Sheriff’s Office, District Attorney's Office[1]
Cost $1.6 million
Design and construction
Architect Whidden & Lewis
Multnomah County Courthouse
Portland Historic Landmark[2]
Coordinates 45°30′59″N 122°40′42″W / 45.516328°N 122.678319°W / 45.516328; -122.678319Coordinates: 45°30′59″N 122°40′42″W / 45.516328°N 122.678319°W / 45.516328; -122.678319
Built 1911/1914
Visitation 3000/day[1] (2011)
Governing body Multnomah County, Oregon
NRHP Reference # 79002136
Added to NRHP June 11, 1979[3]

Multnomah County Courthouse serves as the courthouse for Multnomah County, Oregon and its Sheriff's Office. It is located in downtown, Portland, Oregon, the county seat. It currently includes 39 courtrooms, 36 of which are district courts, two are traffic courts, and one used for forced eviction detainment.[1]


Multnomah County Courthouse was built in two phases between 1909 and 1914 at a total cost of $1.6 million; to make it fire-resistant, it was constructed of concrete-encased steel, with concrete slab floors and walls of terra-cotta brick, covered with plaster.[1] At the time, it was the largest courthouse on the west coast and served also as county seat and county jail.[1]

Originally, the building had a central courtyard, where prohibition-era confiscated alcohol was poured down a drain; over time, this courtyard was filled in to make room for more offices and a jury room.[4] The courthouse has four two-story courtrooms which feature most of the courthouse's original design; some two-story courtrooms were split horizontally during the 1950s, expanding capacity and resulting in new floors.[1]

Further renovation of the courthouse has been under consideration since at least 1970,[5] with studies starting in the 1990s also considering building a new courthouse.[1] It was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.[1][5][6]

A February 2001 earthquake exposed weaknesses in the building's structure.[4] Plans for the addition of a new floor, the infill of the light well and a major seismic retrofit are under consideration; the plans would cost between $176–220 million (in 2011 dollars).[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Multnomah County Courthouse Renovation Study". Final Report. Multnomah County. April 13, 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  2. ^ Portland Historic Landmarks Commission (July 2010), Historic Landmarks -- Portland, Oregon (XLS), retrieved November 13, 2013 .
  3. ^ Oregon Parks and Recreation Department, Oregon Historic Sites Database, retrieved November 14, 2013 .
  4. ^ a b King, Bart (2001). An Architectural Guidebook to Portland. Gibbs Smith. pp. 100–101. 
  5. ^ a b c Webber, Angela (April 20, 2011). "Multnomah County Courthouse, deteriorating, needs upgrade". Daily Journal of Commerce. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  6. ^ "National Register of Historic Places: Oregon, Multnomah County, pg. 7". Retrieved 2007-07-06. 

External links[edit]