Mumbai City district

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Location of Mumbai district

Mumbai City District (मुंबई जिल्हा) is a district of Maharashtra in Konkan Division. As a city district, it has no headquarters or subdivisions. It, along with the Mumbai Suburban District make up the metropolis of Mumbai. The city area is called the "island city" or South Mumbai or Old Mumbai. It extends from Colaba in the south to Mahim and Sion in the north. Until the 1960s, the area was known as Mumbai. Today, Mumbai municipality includes both districts. The city's area covers 67.7 km².

History[edit]

Main article: History of Mumbai
See also: South Mumbai

The city of Bombay came in light in the year 150 A.D. through the geographical work of renowned geographer, Ptolemy. The city, consisting of several islands, was then ruled by Konkani-speaking Kolis and Agris.

These natives ruled the islands up to 1345. Thereafter, Mumbai's rulers changed through history until Islamic rulers conquered what is now Maharashtra and conquered some of the islands in 1534. Subsequently, a Muslim sultan of Gujarat took over all the islands, which were then conquered by the Portuguese.

Following the continued support of England in the Anglo-Portuguese Alliance, stemming from the Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of 1373 and on the accession of a Catholic monarch in 1660, in 1661 the island of Bombay was given to the British as part of a Royal Dowry, on the occasion of the marriage of King Charles II of England with the Portuguese Princess Infanta Catherine of Braganza. The island of Bombay, was then to remain part of British Raj until 15 August 1947, the day India celebrates annually as Indian Independence day, when it became an autonomous dominion, experiencing the dawn of independence from foreign rule see History of the Republic of India. Initially, Charles II entrusted the administration of Bombay to the East India Company.

By a Royal Charter under the Regulation XIX of 1827, passed by the British Government, the Collector of Bombay was made the Chief Controlling Authority of the Revenue Administration of Bombay. The Collector of Bombay enjoyed vast authority under the Bombay Land Revenue Act 1876 which was repealed by the Maharashtra Land Revenue Code 1966.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Generally humid climate is seen in mumbai city districṭ

Mumbai
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
0.6
 
31
16
 
 
1.5
 
31
17
 
 
0.1
 
33
21
 
 
0.6
 
33
24
 
 
13
 
33
26
 
 
574
 
32
26
 
 
868
 
30
25
 
 
553
 
29
25
 
 
306
 
30
24
 
 
63
 
33
23
 
 
15
 
33
21
 
 
5.6
 
32
18
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Indian Meteorological Department

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Mumbai City district has a population of 3,145,966,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Mongolia[2] or the US state of Iowa.[3] This gives it a ranking of 110th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 19,652 inhabitants per square kilometre (50,900 /sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was -5.75 %.[1] Mumbai City has a sex ratio of 838 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 88.48%.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Mongolia 3,133,318 July 2011 est." 
  3. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "N Iowa 3,046,355" 

Coordinates: 18°58′N 72°49′E / 18.96°N 72.82°E / 18.96; 72.82