|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2010)|
In Islam, a munāfiq (n., in Arabic: منافق, plural munāfiqūn) is a hypocrite who outwardly practices Islam while inwardly concealing his disbelief (kufr), perhaps even unknowingly. The hypocrisy itself is called nifaq ( Arabic: نفاق).
According to Sahih al-Bukhari,
Narrated Abu Hurairah:
The Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said, "The signs of a hypocrite are three:
1. Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie.3. If you trust him, he proves to be dishonest. (If you keep something as a trust with him, he will not return it.)"
2. Whenever he promises, he always breaks it (his promise).—Sahih al-Bukhari
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr:
The Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said, "Whoever has the following four (characteristics) will be a pure hypocrite and whoever has one of the following four characteristics will have one characteristic of hypocrisy unless and until he gives it up.
1. Whenever he is entrusted, he betrays.4. Whenever he quarrels, he behaves in a very imprudent, evil and insulting manner."
2. Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie.
3. Whenever he makes a covenant, he proves treacherous.—Sahih al-Bukhari