Mundari language

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For other uses, see Mundari (disambiguation).
Native to India, Bangladesh, Nepal
Ethnicity Munda
Native speakers
1.6 million  (2001 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 unrinclusive code
Individual code:
unx – "Munda" (Killi; duplicate code)
Glottolog mund1320[2]

Mundari (Muɳɖa) is a Munda language of the Austroasiatic language family spoken by the Munda people, and is closely related to Santali. Mundari is primarily spoken by Munda tribal people in east India, Bangladesh, and Nepal. "Mundari Bani", a script to write Mundari Language was invented by Rohidas Singh Nag.[3]


Toshiki Osada (2008:99), citing the Encyclopaedia Mundarica (vol. 1, p.6), lists the following dialects of Mundari, which are spoken mostly in Jharkhand state.

Bhumij, listed in many sources as a separate language, may in fact be a variety of the Latar (Tamaria) dialect of Mundari. It is spoken across Jharkhand state and in Mayurbhanj district, Odisha (Anderson 2008:196). There may be around 50,000 Bhumij speakers.


  1. ^ Mundari at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    "Munda" (Killi; duplicate code) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Mundari". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^
  • Anderson, Gregory D.S (ed). 2008. The Munda languages. Routledge Language Family Series 3.New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-32890-X.
  • Osada Toshiki. 2008. "Mundari". In Anderson, Gregory D.S (ed). The Munda languages, 99-164. Routledge Language Family Series 3.New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-32890-X.

Further reading[edit]

  • Evans, Nicholas & Toshki Osada. 2005a. Mundari: the myth of a language without word classes. In Linguistic Typology 9.3, pp. 351–390.
  • Evans, Nicholas & Toshki Osada. 2005b. Mundari and argumentation in word-class analysis. In Linguistic Typology 9.3, pp. 442–457
  • Hengeveld, Kees & Jan Rijkhoff. 2005. Mundari as a flexible language. In Linguistic Typology 9.3, pp. 406–431.
  • Newberry, J. (2000). North Munda dialects: Mundari, Santali, Bhumia. Victoria, B.C.: J. Newberry. ISBN 0-921599-68-4


External links[edit]