Adani Ports & SEZ Limited

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Mundra port operated by Adani Ports & SEZ limited
Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone Limited
Public company
Industry Port & Shipping
Founded 1998
Founder Gautam Adani
Headquarters Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
Key people
Mr. Gautam S. Adani (Chairman)
Dr. Malay Mahadevia (Whole Time Director)
Mr. Rajeeva Ranjan Sinha (Whole Time Director)
Capt. Sandeep Mehta (Chief Executive Officer)
Capt. Unmesh Abhyankar (chief operating officer)
Mr. B.G. Gandhi (Associate General Manager - West Basin)
Mr. Christopher Wood (Head – West Basin Port)
Revenue INR34.86 billion (US$550 million)(FY 2012–13)
INR16.23 billion (US$260 million)(FY 2012–13)
Parent Adani Enterprises Limited

Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited (APSEZ) is India’s largest private multi-port operator. APSEZ is a part of the Adani Group, an integrated infrastructure corporation.[1] The company (earlier known as Mundra Port & Special Economic Zone Ltd) changed its name to "Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited" on January 6, 2012.[2] While earlier the company had one operational port at Mundra, it today operates across eight ports in India.:[3]

  • Mundra Ports
  • AdaniHaziraPort Pvt. Ltd.[4]
  • AdaniPetronet (Dahej) Port Pvt. Ltd.[5]
  • AdaniMurmugaoPort Pvt. Ltd.(Goa)[6]
  • AdaniVizag Coal Terminal Pvt. Ltd. In Vishakhapatnam (AP)[7]
  • AdaniKandla Bulk Terminal Pvt. Ltd.[8]
  • Adani Dhamra Port
  • Adani Ennore Port

International Ports:

  • AdaniAbbot Point Terminal 1 in Australia.
  • Adani Abbot Point Terminal 0 Project
  • Dudgeon Point Coal Terminal Project
  • Bunyu in Indonesia[9]

APSEZ is India’s first multi-product port-based special economic zone (SEZ).[1] The company currently has an annual cargo handling capacity 338 MMT as of February 2015.

Mundra Port[edit]

The development of Adani Port & Special Economic Zone Limited was conceptualized by the entrepreneur Mr. Gautam Adani. . Mundraport was the first one to be developed in October 1998 with just one berth. In a short span of just 12 years Mundra Port achieved 100 million metric tonnes of commercial cargo in a year thereby becoming India’s largest commercial port. APSEZL has registered the fastest CAGR of over 35% in the port sector across in the India.[10]

The Mundra port is located in the Northern Gulf of Kutch, en route major maritime routes and connected through rail, road, air & pipelines. This makes it a preferred gateway for cargo bound westwards. The port has been designed to handle all types of cargo viz. containers, dry bulk, break bulk, liquid cargo and automobiles.[11]

APSEZ has a capacity to handle 338 MMT of cargo per annum – the largest amongst all operational ports in India. APSEZ handled 112.8 million MT of cargo in the financial year 2013–14 and is the largest commercial port of India in term so volume of cargo handled.[10]

APSEZ has not only pioneered the concept of deep draft integrated port model, but also of port based SEZ. The multi-product SEZ consisting Mundra Port and its surrounding areas is planned to be spread over 135 square kilometres (13,500 hectares). Currently, notified Multi-product SEZ is spread over an area of 6473 Hectare, with an additional 168 Hectares notified as a Free Trade Warehousing Zone.[12]


  • 1998 October – Mundra Port commences commercial operations with one berth[13]
  • 2006 April – Notification issued for Special Economic Zone (SEZ) at Mundra
  • 2007
    • Offer Initial Public Offer (IPO) for 40,250,000 equity shares of Rs. 10 each of Mudra Port and Special Economic zone Ltd. to public and employees with price band Rs. 400 – Rs. 440[14]
  • 2010
    • Constructed a four lane 1.5 km. long dedicated RoB at a cost of Rs.500 million. This is the first private four-lane RoB within port area in India capable of withstanding a load of 100 MT to smoothen and speed up cargo movement[15]
    • World’s largest fully mechanised coal import terminal with 60 MMTPA capacity was put into operation[16]
  • 2011
    • Terminal Three commences operations
  • 2012
    • Name changed to Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited [required]
    • Doubling of the rail connectivity between Mundra and Adipur completed. APSEZ now has a private rail network of 117 km.
  • 2014
    • Adani’s Mundra Port crosses 100 MMT mark of cargo handling in a year. APSEZL, India’s largest port developer and operator is part of the Adani Group.[17]

Port layout and infrastructure[edit]

The port has a deep draft that facilitates large vessels including fully laden capsize vessels to dock alongside its berth.[18]

APSEZ has commodity-specific storage areas. The Port has 225,000 sq. metres of closed godowns and 3,150,000 sq. metres of open storage yards for storage of import or export cargo within the port premises. The Liquid Terminal at ASPEZ consists of 97 tanks of different sizes and attributes with a total storage capacity of 425,000 kilolitres for storage of various liquid commodities.

APSEZ has also developed adequate infrastructure for evacuation of cargo keeping in mind the concept of the inverted funnel. According to the concept, the capacity of a port’s evacuation infrastructure should be more that it’s marine infrastructure.[clarification needed]

APSEZ has developed commodity-specific infrastructure for handling, storage and evacuation of cargo. The Fertilizer Cargo Complex (FCC) is a fertiliser handling facility. The FCC has 2 operational lines with 44 bagging machines with a capacity to bag 660 nos. of 50-kg bags per minute and a capacity to load and evacuate 8–10 rakes per day i.e. 25,600 tonnes per day.[19]

The steel yard is a steel storage area spread over 120,000 sq metres and consists of equipment for handling steel cargo. The steel yard is equipped with 8 Goliath cranes and 2 mobiles cranes with vacuum lift attachments, 6 forklifts with multiple attachments to handle steel coils, slabs and plates, 1 reach stacker and 60 trailers for internal transportation.

Besides the port area there is a large land area for development. A part of this area is now notified and functional SEZ which is now largest port based Multi product SEZ of the country.[20] This SEZ is suited to service the hinterland of north and northwest India which account for two-third of India’s GDP. The area is connected with National road, rail and pipeline network. Being spread over an area of 84 km2 it includes port, container terminals.[1] Rail, Airport, Container freight station, storage tanks.[3]

APSEZ is being developed as a business location for sectors like Light and Heavy Engineering, Project cargo, Auto and Auto Component, Textiles and Apparel, Pharmaceuticals Dyes and Specialty chemical, Agriproduct processing, Plastic processing, Timber and Furniture, Global trading, Metal and Mineral etc.[19]

It claims to have considerable distance advantage over other ports to most destinations in Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab, Delhi-NCR, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.[1]

Terminals and berths[edit]

The marine infrastructure at APSEZ consists of ten (10) berths for handling dry bulk & break bulk cargo, three (3) berths for handling liquid cargo, six (6) container berths including a Ro-Ro berth, three (3) mechanised import cargo berths and 2 single point moorings for crude oil imports. The mechanised import cargo berths can handle vessels with maximum draft of 19 meters and other berths can handle vessels with maximum draft of 17 meters. The SPM facility offers a draft of 32 meters.

The Port has its own fleet of tugs and pilots. APSEZ also owns a fleet of dredgers to carry out the capital and maintenance dredging activities and thereby ensuring that APSEZ has the deepest draft amongst all ports in India.[1]

Port connectivity[edit]

APSEZ offers inland connectivity via rail track, road network, airport and cross country pipelines..


APSEZ Ltd. is connected with the Indian Railway networkby a privately developed and maintained 76-km rail line from Mundra to Adipur. The rail infrastructure is capable of handling 130 trains per day including double stack container trains and long-haul trains.[1]


APSEZ is connected to the hinterland in Northern and Western parts of India through the National Highway 8A Extn. & State Highways 6 & 48. The port has constructed a four-lane Rail-over-Bridge (ROB) in the proximity of the port to ensure that two modes of transportation i.e. road & rail, do not impede each other’s movement.


Mundra Airport is a licensed airport in ‘Private Category’ with Air Traffic Control (ATC) which is operated by the Airport Authority of India (AAI). The nearest commercial airports are at Bhuj (65 km) and Kandla (60 km). The company plans to extend the current runway at Mundra to 4500 meters. It has also installed a Precision Approach Path Indicator (PAPI), and approach and runway lighting for safe night landings for aircraft. APSEZ plans to upgrade an International Air Cargo Hub with night landing facility.


APSEZ is connected to the northern hinterland with three cross-country pipelines. One feeds the IOCL Panipet refinery, second crude oil pipeline feeds Batinda refinery and third is a white oil line which feeds the national capital region.


Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone Limited handles commodities including steam coal, coking coal, fertilizers like urea, DAP, MOP, etc., agri commodities like yellow peas, DOC, wheat, etc., liquid cargo including crude oil, POL, chemicals, edible oil, etc., containers, automobiles, steel cargo, project cargo and minerals.

Cargo handling[edit]

APSEZ has a diverse cargo base including dry, bulk, break bulk, liquid, crude oil, project cargo, cars and containers. APSEZ owns cargo handling equipment like mobile harbour cranes (16 nos.), grab ship unloaders (7 nos.), pay loaders, excavators and conveyor systems for handling of bulk and break-bulk cargo. APSEZ also makes use of hired dumpers for transfer of cargo between berths and storage area.

APSEZ has set up 9 docklines for transfer of liquid cargo from the jetty to the liquid tank farm. The container terminals at APSEZ have a combined infrastructure consisting of 2.1 km of quay length, 18 rail mounted quay cranes, 48 rubber tyre gantry cranes and 17,400 ground slots

Hazira Port[edit]

Adani Hazira Port Pvt. Ltd. (AHPPL) is strategically located on the west side of the Hazira peninsula. AHPPL provides a convenient international trade gateway to Europe, Africa, America and the Middle East. The location provides access to industrial zones in South Gujarat, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.[21][22]

AHPPL will operate all non-LNG facilities in Hazira Port under the terms of the agreement. 5 Berths with handling capacity of 35 MMT have been developed and operated as part of the first phase. AHPPL has commenced operations in first quarter of 2012. Out of the 5 berths, 2 cater to containers, 1 for coal and 2 berths are used as multi-purpose terminal for handling vessels of sizes varying from 80,000 DWT to 150,000 DWT. The relevant and required back up yard along with the Material handling systems are in place to support the operations. When fully developed the port will have 13 berths & capacity to handle 75 MMT.

Dahej Port[edit]

Adani Petronet (Dahej) Port Pvt. Ltd. (APDPPL) is a Solid Cargo Terminal, strategically located in the gulf of Khambhat. APDPPL is the only commercial terminal in GMB port of Dahej handling solid cargos in bulk /break bulk and also project cargo. The location provides access to dense industrial areas of Gujarat and Maharshtra(North) & central MP.

APDPPL is a joint venture between APSEZL & Petronet LNG Limited. APDPPL is in 2nd phase of development with designed capacity of 20 MMT. It has one mechanized berth dedicated for coal handling & one multipurpose berth for other bulk & project cargo. The port can handle vessels of sizes varying from 30,000 DWT to 1,06,667 DWT. The relevant and required back up yard along with the Material handling systems & Rapid Wagon Loading System are in place to support the operations. Since the commence in September 2010, the port has registered 139% CAGR of cargo growth.[23][24]

Adani Vizag Coal Terminal Pvt. Ltd.[edit]

The Adani Vizag Coal Terminal Private Ltd (AVCTPL), a subsidiary of APSEZ, had entered into a concession agreement with Visakhapatnam Port Trust to set up a fully mechanized steam coal handling facility with a capacity of 6.4 million tonnes a year in March 2011 with a completion deadline of August 2014. The facility is completed eight months ahead of schedule at a cost of Rs 400 crore. AVCTPL, being a part of Visakhapatnam port is strategic for coal imports to feed the local industries and power plants of the states of Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra.

AMPTPL Port[edit]

Adani MORMUGAO Port Terminal Pvt. Ltd. (AMPTPL) is strategically located Coal terminal on the south west side of India. AMPTPL is a part of the protected open type natural harbor which is situated on magnificent and hospitable coastline on the West Coast of India at a latitude in the State of Goa. The terminal is approximately 370 km south of Mumbai and 300 km North of New Mangalore and 575 km north of Kochi. AMPTPL has signed the Concession agreement with MPT for 30 years on Design, Build, Operate, Finance and Transfer (DBFOT) basis.

AMPTPL has cutting edge Coal Handling System commissioned for the coal terminal. The terminal is able to cater the vessel size up to 1,60,000 DWT. It has fully mechanized truck loading and wagon loading system for cargo evacuation. The rated capacity of the terminal is 7MMT. It has successfully dispatched the first rake evacuation by In Motion Wagon Loading System (IMWLS) recently. Port is Ready to start the commercial operations[25][25]

Adani Dhamra Port[edit]

Dhamra port is all-weather, commercial port located on the north of river Dhamra and on shore of Bay of Bengal in Bhadrak district, Odisha. It falls in close proximity to the mineral rich industrial states of Orissa, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh.

Dhamra port has signed the Concession agreement with Odisha government for 34 years including 4 years of construction period on Built, Own, Operate, Share and Transfer (BOOT) basis.

Dhamra port is an ultra-modern, deep draft port capable of handling fully laden cape size vessels. Currently, the port is operating with two berths- one each for imports and exports. The Port is capable of handling 12 MTPA of imported dry bulk cargo and 13 MTPA of dry bulk cargo for exports/coastal movement. The Port currently has capacity to store about 1.0 million MT of coal and limestone and over 1.20 million MT of iron ore.

The port is well connected with its hinterland by rail and road. The port has constructed the 62 km rail connectivity (single rail track) from Dhamra to Bhadrak/Ranital Link Cabin on the main Howrah-Chennai line.

The proposed master plan of the port provides for a total of 15 berths to handle more than 100 MTPA of all types of cargo such as dry bulk, break bulk, liquid bulk and containerized cargo.


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Mundra Port and SEZ Ltd". Gujarat Maritime Port. Retrieved 2012-10-01. 
  2. ^ "Mundra Port co is now Adani Ports and SEZ Ltd". The Hindu Business Line. 9 January 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Mundra Port & SEZ Ltd." (PDF). Myiris. 28 July 2011. 
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  10. ^ a b "Cargo volumes lift Mundra Port net 76%". Economic Times. 31 July 2009. 
  11. ^ Adani Ports & SEZ Limited#cite note-Breport-3
  13. ^ "Mundra Port commences coal terminal operations". Construction Update. January 2011. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  14. ^ "Mundra Port IPO opens on Nov 1, price band at Rs 400–440". Money Control. 29 October 2007. 
  15. ^ "India’s first Rail-overbridge inaugurated". Indian Railway Turn Around News. 30 June 2010. 
  16. ^ "Mundra Port & Special Economic Zone Limited". India Mart. 
  17. ^ "Adani's Mundra Port handles 100 MMT cargo in FY '14 | Business Standard News". 
  18. ^ "CRISIL ‘AA’ for MUNDRA PORT AND SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONE’s NCD Programme". Crisil. 1 June 2010. 
  19. ^ a b "Business of Success" (PDF). Super Brands India. 
  20. ^ "Sectors and stocks that could be considered for investment on long term basis". Economic Times. 7 May 2012. 
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  25. ^ a b

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