Mundrabilla, Western Australia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mundrabilla
Western Australia
Mundrabilla, Western Australia.jpg
Mundrabilla Roadhouse
Mundrabilla is located in Western Australia
Mundrabilla
Mundrabilla
Coordinates 31°45′11″S 127°52′26″E / 31.75306°S 127.87389°E / -31.75306; 127.87389Coordinates: 31°45′11″S 127°52′26″E / 31.75306°S 127.87389°E / -31.75306; 127.87389
Established 1872
Postcode(s) 6443
Elevation 20 m (66 ft)
Location
  • 1,368 km (850 mi) from Perth
  • 644 km (400 mi) from Norseman
  • 67 km (42 mi) from Eucla
LGA(s) Shire of Dundas
State electorate(s) Eyre
Federal Division(s) O'Connor
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
24.6 °C
76 °F
11.2 °C
52 °F
237.4 mm
9.3 in

Mundrabilla is a small roadhouse community located on the Eyre Highway in Western Australia, on the Nullarbor Plain, 67 kilometres (42 mi) west of Eucla and about 20 kilometres (12 mi) north of the Great Australian Bight.

History[edit]

Mundrabilla station, the first sheep station on the Nullarbor, was established by William Stuart McGill (a Scotsman) and Thomas and William Kennedy (two Irishmen) in 1872. Thomas Kennedy died in 1896. McGill's first wife Annie (née Hairkness) died in childbirth in 1879. Annie McGill and Thomas Kennedy are both buried on Mundrabilla Station. McGill remarried Ellen Angel Fairweather of Adelaide in 1889.

Climate[edit]

Mundrabilla has a typical arid climate, however is cooler in summer then much of the Australian desert due to its proximity to the ocean. Despite this, Mundrabilla still holds the equal 4th hottest temperature on record in Australia, 49.8 °C (121.6 °F) recorded on the 3 January 1979.[1]


Climate data for Mundrabilla
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 49.8
(121.6)
48.6
(119.5)
44.8
(112.6)
40.4
(104.7)
36.4
(97.5)
27.6
(81.7)
30.1
(86.2)
33.5
(92.3)
39.0
(102.2)
43.1
(109.6)
46.0
(114.8)
45.7
(114.3)
49.8
(121.6)
Average high °C (°F) 29.6
(85.3)
29.4
(84.9)
27.4
(81.3)
26.0
(78.8)
22.2
(72)
19.5
(67.1)
19.2
(66.6)
20.5
(68.9)
22.5
(72.5)
25.5
(77.9)
27.3
(81.1)
28.7
(83.7)
24.8
(76.6)
Average low °C (°F) 15.7
(60.3)
15.9
(60.6)
14.7
(58.5)
12.5
(54.5)
10.3
(50.5)
8.0
(46.4)
7.0
(44.6)
7.3
(45.1)
8.3
(46.9)
10.5
(50.9)
12.2
(54)
13.7
(56.7)
11.3
(52.3)
Record low °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
3.9
(39)
7.3
(45.1)
4.2
(39.6)
2.7
(36.9)
0.1
(32.2)
−1.0
(30.2)
−0.2
(31.6)
−1.2
(29.8)
0.2
(32.4)
2.7
(36.9)
6.5
(43.7)
−1.2
(29.8)
Rainfall mm (inches) 15.9
(0.626)
19.2
(0.756)
19.3
(0.76)
21.4
(0.843)
25.9
(1.02)
25.9
(1.02)
22.2
(0.874)
22.9
(0.902)
18.8
(0.74)
18.3
(0.72)
16.0
(0.63)
18.2
(0.717)
244
(9.608)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 2.6 3.3 4.6 5.2 7.8 8.2 7.7 7.2 5.6 4.2 3.5 3.2 63.1
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[2]

Present day[edit]

Like other locations in the Nullarbor Plain area, the area consists of nothing more than a roadhouse, open 5:30am to midnight each day. The roadhouse includes a small wildlife park with emus, camels and an aviary. Pastoral activities continue in the area, and fragments of a meteorite spread over a 60 km range make it one of the largest meteorite sites in the world.

Mundrabilla Meteor[edit]

The largest meteor in Australia known as the Mundrabilla Meteor weighing in 12.192 tonnes was found by two surveyors in Mundrabilla in 1966, forms one half of the "Mundrabilla Mass". The other weighs 5.080 tonnes, where both pieces of the "Mundrabilla Mass" fell to Earth a million years ago.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official records for Australia in January". Daily Extremes. Bureau of Meteorology. 31 July 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "Mundrabilla". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  3. ^ Cleland, M. (2006). "A History of the Cranbourne Meteorites". City of Casey. Retrieved 7 November 2009. 
  4. ^ "Solar System information #6: Meteors and Meteorites". Perth Observatory. 1997–2009. Retrieved 7 November 2009. 

External links[edit]