Munich Airport

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Munich Airport
Flughafen München
Flughafen munchen logo.png
MunichAirport2010.jpg
IATA: MUCICAO: EDDM
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner/Operator Flughafen München GmbH
Serves Munich, Germany
Location near Freising
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 1,487 ft / 453 m
Coordinates 48°21′14″N 011°47′10″E / 48.35389°N 11.78611°E / 48.35389; 11.78611Coordinates: 48°21′14″N 011°47′10″E / 48.35389°N 11.78611°E / 48.35389; 11.78611
Website munich-airport.de
Map
MUC is located in Bavaria
MUC
MUC
Location within Bavaria
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08R/26L 4,000 13,123 Concrete
08L/26R 4,000 13,123 Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
H 30 98 Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 38,672,644
Passenger change 12–13 Increase0.8%
Aircraft movements 381,951
Movements change 12–13 Decrease4.0%
Sources: Passenger Traffic & Aircraft Movements, ADV[1]
German AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Munich Airport (IATA: MUCICAO: EDDM) (German: Flughafen München, Austro-Bavarian: Flughofm Minga), is the international airport of Munich, the capital of Bavaria. It is the second busiest airport in Germany in terms of passenger traffic behind Frankfurt Airport, and the seventh busiest airport in Europe, handling 38.7 million passengers in 2013.[1] It is the world's 14th busiest airport in terms of international passenger traffic,[3] and was the 30th busiest airport worldwide in 2013.[4] Munich Airport serves as the secondary hub for Lufthansa including Lufthansa Regional and its Star Alliance partners besides Frankfurt. The biggest foreign carrier in Munich in terms of passenger numbers is Air Dolomiti.[5]

The airport is located 28.5 km (17.7 mi) northeast[2] of Munich near the old city of Freising and is named in memory of the former Bavarian Prime minister Franz Josef Strauss. It is fully capable to handle large aircraft such as the Airbus A380.

History[edit]

From 1939 to 1992, Munich was served by Munich-Riem Airport. First plans to expand or build a new airport were made in 1954 (traffic flow-rate, population density in the proximity). The decision for building the new airport at Erdinger Moos was made on 5 August 1969 by the Bavarian government. When construction started on 3 November 1980, a village named Franzheim was demolished and their ~500 inhabitants were resettled. The airport is located on the territory of four different municipalities: Oberding (location of the terminals; district of Erding), Hallbergmoos, Freising and Marzling (district of Freising).

The airport commenced operation on 17 May 1992, when operations moved from the former site at Munich-Riem Airport, which was closed shortly before midnight on the day before.

As their home base at Frankfurt Airport suffered from capacity limits back then, Lufthansa established a second hub offering several short- and long-haul connections through Munich in addition to Frankfurt.

Between 1995 and 2006, passenger numbers doubled from under 15 million per annum to over 30 million,[6] despite the impact of the 11 September attacks in 2001 and 2002. In 1996, the airport overtook Düsseldorf as Germany's second busiest airport and currently handles almost twice as many passengers as the country's third busiest airport.

In June 2003, Terminal 2 was finished, housing Star Alliance partners exclusively.

Due to the rapid increase in traffic Munich is currently slot constrained and a third runway is now being planned. Not uncommon for such a project, there is considerable opposition from the nearby residents. Lawsuits against the runway have already been announced.

The airport is named after Franz Josef Strauß, who played a prominent, albeit sometimes controversial role in politics of the Federal Republic of Germany from the 1950s until his death in 1988. Among other positions, Strauß was a long-time Minister-President (Governor) of the state of Bavaria, where the airport is located and was initiated under his government. Strauß, having been a private pilot himself, had a particular interest in the aviation industry. He is regarded one of the fathers of Airbus and served as initial chairman of its supervisory board.[7]

Naming the airport by its full name "Flughafen München Franz Josef Strauß" is fairly uncommon. The company that owns and operates the airport is named "Flughafen München GmbH" and brands itself as "M – Flughafen München" respectively "M – Munich Airport". In the Munich area, most people use the term "Flughafen München" (Munich Airport), sometimes "Flughafen München II" in order to distinguish from the earlier airport or simply "MUC" for its IATA-code.

Terminals and facilities[edit]

Most of the airport's facilities are located in the area between the two runways. The approach road and railway divide the west part into a southern half, which contains cargo and maintenance facilities, and a northern half, which contains mostly administrative buildings, a holiday long-term parking lot and the Visitors' Centre. It is followed by the west apron and Terminal 1, then the Munich Airport Center (MAC), Terminal 2 and the east apron.

Map of Munich Airport (included planned expansion)

Terminal 1[edit]

Munich Airport, apron in front of Terminal 1
Check-in area at Terminal 1B
Boarding gate area at Terminal 1

Terminal 1 is the older terminal and commenced operation when the airport was opened on 17 May 1992. It has a total capacity of 25 million passengers per year and is subdivided into five modules designated A, B, C, D and E. Modules A through D provide all facilities necessary to handle departures and arrivals, including individual landside driveways and parking, whereas module E is only equipped to handle arrivals. This design essentially makes each module a self-contained sub-terminal of its own. Modules A and D are used for flights within the Schengen-area, while modules B and C handle those to destinations outside of it. Hall F is separate, located near Terminal 2 and handles flights with increased security requirements, i.e. those to Israel. Furthermore, the checkin counters for some flights departing from Terminal 1 are located in the central area Z (German: Zentralbereich) where also most of the shopping and restaurant facilities of this Terminal as well as the airport's suburban railway station are located.

The 1,081 m (3,547 ft) pier features 21 jet bridges, two of which have been rebuilt into waiting halls for bus transfers. One gate position has been equipped with three jet bridges to handle the Airbus A380. There are further 60 aircraft stands on the apron, some of which are equipped with specially-designed apron jet bridges (German: Vorfeldfluggastbrücken), to which passengers are brought by bus. This unique concept allows passengers to board with full protection from the weather but without the high investments required for full satellite terminals connected through a passenger transport system.

Terminal 1 currently handles all flights from airlines that are not members of Star Alliance. However, due to lack of capacity at Terminal 2, Lufthansa's subsidiary Germanwings and former affiliate Condor moved back to Terminal 1. Some of the major users at Terminal 1 are Air Berlin, Condor, Emirates, Air France, Delta Air Lines, British Airways, easyJet and Qatar Airways.

Terminal 2[edit]

Check-in area at Terminal 2
Boarding gate area at Terminal 2

Terminal 2 commenced operation on 29 June 2003. It has a design capacity of 25 million passengers per year. However, having been designed as a hub terminal for Lufthansa and Star Alliance members, it is not divided into modules. Instead, all facilities are arranged around a central Plaza.

Due to security regulations imposed by the European Union, the terminal has been equipped with facilities to handle passengers from countries considered insecure, i.e. not implementing the same regulations. This required the construction of a new level as, unlike other airports, the terminal does not have separate areas for arriving and departing passengers. The new level 06 opened on 15 January 2009.

The pier, which is 980 m (3,220 ft) long, is equipped with 24 jet bridges. As the total number of 75 aircraft stands on the east apron is not always sufficient, Terminal 2 sometimes also uses parking positions on the west apron, to which passengers are carried by airside buses. Terminal 2 is able to handle the Airbus A380 as well, however there are no designated stands or additional jet bridges for it until the opening of the Terminal 2 satellite building.

Terminal 2 has two main departure level, 04 and 05 and additional bus gates on the lower level 03. Gates on level 05 (H) are designated non-Schengen gates. Until the new level 06 opened the northernmost gates were behind an additional security checkpoint for departures to the USA most of the day. The lower level 04 (G) contains Schengen gates. The bus gates on level 03, also designated G, are Schengen gates, too.

The terminal is operated by Terminal-2-Betriebsgesellschaft (German for Terminal 2 Operating Company), which is owned by Flughafen München GmbH (60%) and Lufthansa (40%). This makes Terminal 2 the first terminal in Germany which is co-operated by an airline.

Terminal 2 extension[edit]

Construction for the satellite building has started in 2012 and will be completed by 2015. This extension to Terminal 2 will see the baggage sorting hall on the east apron upgraded to become a satellite terminal. This will allow an additional 11 million passengers to be handled per year, adding 52 gates and 27 passenger air bridges. This plan was approved in December 2010. An expansion for the satellite building into a 'T' shape is also planned for the future along with another satellite and room for a possible 3rd Terminal to the east.[8]

While Terminal 1 still has plenty of capacity left – in 2007, it only handled about 9 m passengers – the extension of Terminal 2 is required by Lufthansa and its Star Alliance partners to allow easy transfers within a single terminal. When Terminal 2 and its east apron were built, preparations for a satellite terminal had already been made. Besides the baggage transport tunnel, there are three more tunnels beneath the Terminal 2 apron that can receive a people mover and extensions to the current S-Bahn rail tunnel and unused inter-city rail tunnel respectively. The preparations also allow construction of a second satellite or an independent third terminal further to the east.

Munich Airport Centre[edit]

Munich Airport Centre

The Munich Airport Centre (sometimes shortened to MAC) is a shopping, business and recreation area that connects the two terminals. The older Central Area (German: Zentralbereich), which was originally built as part of Terminal 1, hosts a shopping mall and the S-Bahn station. The newer MAC Forum built with Terminal 2 is a large outdoor area with a tent-like, partly transparent roof. Next to it is the airport hotel managed by Kempinski.

Munich Airport is the only location in the entire state of Bavaria where one can shop at Edeka, a supermarket, from 05.30 until midnight every day, including on Sunday.[9] This supermarket is given an exception from the Bavarian 'Shop Closing Law' (Ladenschlussgesetz).[10]

Runways[edit]

The Franz-Josef Strauss Airport has two parallel runways and one helipad. The two runways at Munich's airport are 08R/26L and 26R/08L, made of concrete and the same size, at 4,000 metres (13,120 ft) long, and 60 metres (200 ft) wide.[11] There is also a concrete helipad.

Planned third runway[edit]

A third runway would increase the number schedulable aircraft movements per hour from 90 to 120.[12] It would run in parallel to the existing runways and be located to the northeast of the current north runway, significantly extending the total area occupied by the airport. According to Flughafen München GmbH (FMG), the airport's operator, the current two-runway system is already operating at full capacity during peak hours, and requests for additional slots from airlines have been denied. Further increase in air traffic is expected as Munich is to become a second major hub in Germany after Frankfurt.

In August 2007, the airport operator applied for a planning permission from the government of Upper Bavaria. As more than 60,000 objections have been filed during public display of the plans. The objections, lawsuits and results of a city wide referendum against the 3rd runway were later overturned by the Bavarian Administrative Court, allowing for construction plans to proceed.

On July 26, 2011, the government of Upper Bavaria issued the zoning approval for the construction of a third runway. With this decision, the zoning authority, after the intensive examination and consideration of all ramifications, expressly approved the need presented by Flughafen München GmbH and the plans submitted for the third runway. Also tied to the approval by the government of Upper Bavaria is the prompt completion of the construction project. However, the Company has chosen to follow the advice of Bavaria’s Higher Administrative Court and not to proceed until the principal proceedings concerning the project have reached a conclusion. The decision is currently being reviewed by the court. The building permit associated with the zoning will continue to be valid for up to 15 years.

While according to ICAO Regulations (Annex XIV) the new runway would have to be named 08L/26R (renaming the existing north runway to 08C/26C), it is currently assigned the working title 09/27 in all plans.[13]

Visitor viewing facilities[edit]

Observation hill and historic plane at the Visitors Park

The airport authorities have set out to cater for visitors and sight-seers by creating a 'Visitors Park' which includes a 'Visitors Hill' from which a good view can be obtained of the westerly aircraft apron and Terminal 1. This is served by a railway station named 'Besucherpark'. The view from the hill is shown in the above image. There are three historic aircraft on display in the park, a Super Constellation, a Douglas DC-3 and a Junkers Ju 52/3m.

There is also a visitors viewing terrace on the roof of Terminal 2 that features a wide glassed balcony with seating areas and gives a view of the easterly aircraft apron. As of September 2013 the entrance fee has been abolished. Furthermore there are two additional, smaller Visitor Hills on the north end of the north runway and at the center of the south runway.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal / Check-in
Adria Airways Ljubljana, Łódź, Pristina 2–4
Aegean Airlines Athens, Chania, Rhodes, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Kalamata, Mytilene/Lesbos
2–3
Aer Lingus Cork, Dublin 2–4
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 1-C
airBaltic Riga 1-D
Air Berlin Alicante, Antalya, Berlin-Tegel, Brindisi, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Hurghada, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Agadir, Cagliari, Cancún, Corfu, Enfidha, Faro, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, Karpathos, Kavala, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Málaga, Malta, Minorca, Mytilene/Lesbos, Naples, Preveza, Reykjavik-Keflavik, Rhodes, Samos, Sylt, Thessaloniki, Tivat, Varadero, Zakynthos
Charter: Barbados, Marsa Alam, Montego Bay (begins 23 November 2014)
1-A, 1-F
Air Canada Toronto-Pearson 2–3
Air China Athens, Beijing-Capital, Shanghai-Pudong[14] 2–3
Air Dolomiti Bari, Bergamo (ends 30 November 2014), Florence, Venice-Marco Polo, Verona 2–4
Air Europa Madrid[15] 1-D
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1-D
Air Lituanica Vilnius 1-D
Air Malta Catania, Malta 2–4
Air VIA Seasonal: Burgas, Varna 1-C
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino 1-D
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Haneda[16] 2–3
Arkia Israel Airlines Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 1-F
Atlasjet Seasonal: Antalya 1-C
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna 2–4
BMI Regional Bristol 1-B
British Airways London-Heathrow 1-B
British Airways
operated by Sun Air of Scandinavia
Billund 1-B
Condor Agadir, Antalya, Arrecife, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Larnaca, Santa Cruz de la Palma, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Cancún,[17] Corfu, Dalaman, Djerba, Goa,[17][18] Heraklion, Ibiza, Kalamata, Kos, Marsa Alam (begins 6 November 2014),[19] Mauritius,[17] Mombasa,[17] Montego Bay,[17] Palma de Mallorca, Puerto Plata (begins 13 November 2014),[19] Punta Cana,[17] Rhodes, Santa Clara,[17] Santorini, Skiathos, Varadero[17]
Charter: Pointe-à-Pitre (begins 12 December 2014)[19]
1-B
Condor
operated by Omni Air International
Punta Cana (ends 25 September 2014) 1-B
Croatia Airlines Split, Zagreb
Seasonal: Zadar
2–4
Cyprus Airways Larnaca 1-B
Delta Air Lines Atlanta 1-B
easyJet Edinburgh, London-Gatwick, London-Luton (begins 3 November 2014),[20] London-Stansted, Manchester, Milan-Malpensa (begins 8 December 2014)[20] 1-Z
EgyptAir Cairo 2–4
El Al Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 2–4
Emirates Dubai-International 1-C
Estonian Air Seasonal: Tallinn[21] 1-D
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi 1-C
Eurolot Seasonal: Heringsdorf 1-D
Finnair Helsinki 1-D
Freebird Airlines Charter: Antalya 1-C
Germania Seasonal: Athens, Enfidha, Erbil, Gran Canaria, Heraklion (begins 1 May 2015), Hurghada, Kavala (begins 2 May 2015), Marsa Alam, Preveza (begins 7 May 2015), Pristina, Sulaymaniyah, Thessaloniki 1-C
Germanwings Dortmund 1-D
Iberia Madrid 1-D
Icelandair Reykjavik-Keflavik 1-D
InterSky Seasonal: Elba 1-D
Israir Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 1-F
KLM Amsterdam 1-D
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam 1-D
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin 2–4
Lufthansa Ankara, Antalya, Athens, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Belgrade, Berlin-Tegel, Bilbao, Boston, Bremen, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Delhi, Düsseldorf, Dubai-International, Dublin, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hanover, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Istanbul-Atatürk, Izmir, Kiev-Boryspil, Krakow, Larnaca, Lisbon, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Mexico City, Milan-Malpensa, Montréal-Trudeau, Moscow-Domodedovo, Mumbai, Münster/Osnabrück, Naples, New York-JFK, Newark, Nice, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, Saint Petersburg, San Francisco, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Sarajevo, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Sofia, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tbilisi, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tokyo-Haneda,[22] Valencia, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Washington-Dulles, Zagreb, Zurich
Seasonal: Bodrum, Cape Town, Catania, Dubrovnik, Faro, Lamezia Terme, Malta, Miami (resumes 2 December 2014), Palma de Mallorca, Split, Toronto-Pearson,[23] Tunis, Vancouver
2–3, 2–4
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Air Dolomiti
Ancona, Bologna, Catania, Genoa, Milan-Malpensa, Palermo, Pisa, Rome-Fiumicino, Trieste, Turin 2–4
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Amsterdam, Basel/Mulhouse, Belgrade, Bilbao, Birmingham, Bremen, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Chișinău, Cluj-Napoca, Cologne/Bonn, Donetsk (suspended), Dresden, Gdansk, Geneva, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Graz, Krakow, Leipzig/Halle, Luxembourg, Lyon, Lvov, Marseille, Milan-Malpensa, Münster/Osnabrück, Nice, Nuremberg, Odessa, Paderborn/Lippstadt, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pisa, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Rostock, Rotterdam, Poznań, Sarajevo, Sibiu, Sofia, Stuttgart, Timișoara, Tirana, Toulouse, Turin, Vienna, Warsaw-Chopin, Wroclaw, Zagreb, Zurich
Seasonal: Bastia, Dubrovnik, Montpellier, Olbia, Pula, Split, Sylt, Zadar
2–3
Luxair Luxembourg 2–4
Monarch Airlines Seasonal: Leeds/Bradford, London-Luton, Manchester 1-D
Niki Vienna 1-A
Norwegian Air Shuttle Alicante, Gran Canaria, Málaga, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tenerife-South 1-D
Nouvelair Charter: Djerba, Enfidha 1-A
Oman Air Muscat 1-C
Orenair Seasonal: Chelyabinsk, Omsk, Samara 1-B
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen 1-C
Polet Airlines Voronezh 1-C
Qatar Airways Doha 1-B
Rossiya Saint Petersburg 1-C
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca,[24] Marrakech 1-B
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia 1-B
S7 Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo, Novosibirsk 1-B
SATA International Porto, Ponta Delgada 1-D
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen 2–4
Singapore Airlines Manchester, Singapore 2–3
Sky Work Airlines Bern 2–4
South African Airways Johannesburg-OR Tambo 2–4
SunExpress Antalya, Izmir 1-C
SunExpress Deutschland Adana, Antalya, Enfidha, Hurghada, Kayseri, Marsa Alam
Seasonal: Heraklion, Rhodes
1-C
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss European Air Lines
Zurich 2–4
TAP Portugal Lisbon 2–4
TAROM Bucharest, Sibiu 1-D
Thai Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 2–3
TUIfly Arrecife, Boa Vista, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Marsa Alam, Sal, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Antalya, Araxos/Patras, Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Minorca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
1-Z
Tunisair Djerba, Enfidha, Tunis 1-C
Turkish Airlines Ankara, Istanbul-Atatürk
Seasonal: Izmir, Kayseri, Samsun
1-C
Turkish Airlines
operated by SunExpress
Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen[25] 1-D
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil 1-B
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Houston–Intercontinental,[26] Newark, Washington-Dulles 2–3
Ural Airlines Krasnodar, Moscow-Domodedovo (begins 27 December 2014), Yekaterinburg 1-C
US Airways Philadelphia 1-B
UTair Aviation Tyumen 1-C
Volotea Seasonal: Bordeaux, Nantes 1-D
Vueling Barcelona, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Rome-Fiumicino
Seasonal: Ibiza
1-D
Zagrosjet Erbil 1-C

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Bridge Cargo Moscow-Sheremetyevo[27]
ATRAN Liège, Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Cargolux Atlanta, Luxembourg
DHL Aviation
operated by EAT Leipzig
Leipzig/Halle
FedEx Express Cologne/Bonn, Frankfurt, Milan-Malpensa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Star Air (Maersk Air) Athens, Cologne/Bonn
TNT Airways Liège, Ljubljana

Statistics[edit]

Passenger numbers[edit]

A Lufthansa Airbus A340-600 at Munich Airport
A Air Canada Airbus A330-300 at Munich Airport
A Emirates Airbus A380-800 at Munich Airport
A Qatar Airways Boeing 787-8 at Munich Airport
Passenger numbers
2000 23,125,872
2001 Increase 23,646,900
2002 Decrease 23,163,720
2003 Increase 24,193,304
2004 Increase 26,814,505
2005 Increase 28,619,427
2006 Increase 30,757,978
2007 Increase 33,959,422
2008 Increase 34,530,593
2009 Decrease 32,681,067
2010 Increase 34,721,605
2011 Increase 37,763,701
2012 Increase 38,360,604
2013 Increase 38,672,644
Source: ADV[28]

Route statistics[edit]

Busiest international routes from Munich Airport (2013)[29]
Rank City Passengers  %
Change
Continental
1 United Kingdom, London-Heathrow 1,156,000 Increase 4.8%
2 France, Paris-Charles de Gaulle 926,000 Decrease 7.6%
3 Spain, Barcelona 716,000 Increase 6.3%
4 Netherlands, Amsterdam 690,000 Increase 0.4%
5 Turkey, Istanbul-Atatürk 652,000 Increase 7.6%
6 Spain, Madrid 643,000 Decrease 3.1%
7 Russia, Moscow-Domodedovo 567,000 Increase 13.4%
8 Spain, Palma de Mallorca 564,000 Increase 8.5%
9 Austria, Vienna 561,000 Decrease 0.3%
10 Italy, Rome-Fiumicino 538,000 Increase 5.3%
Intercontinental
1 United Arab Emirates, Dubai 660,000 Increase 6.1%
2 United States, Newark 328,000 Increase 5.2%
3 Japan, Tokyo-Narita 298,000 Decrease 2.5%
4 United States, Chicago-O'Hare 295,000 Decrease 4.4%
5 Qatar, Doha 258,000 Increase 26.2%
6 United States, Washington-Dulles 245,000 Decrease 9.7%
7 People's Republic of China, Beijing 232,000 Decrease 2.0%
8 Thailand, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 199,000 Decrease 5.9%
9 United States, San Francisco 193,000 Decrease 0.2%
10 People's Republic of China, Shanghai-Pudong 186,000 Decrease 2.4%

Other facilities[edit]

  • Lufthansa maintains a Flight Operations Center at Munich Airport for crews based here at its secondary hub.[30] Additionally, there is a large maintenance facility of Lufthansa Technik located here which is capable of handling up to six Boeing 747 at once.[31]
  • Air Berlin maintains a technical division including technical training facilites at Munich Airport.[32]
  • German car manufacturer Audi established a large training facility for its retailers on the grounds of Munich Airport in 2010.[33] Designated areas near the apron are used for drive training.
Munich Airport from the International Space Station, circa 2010

Ground transportation[edit]

Road[edit]

Motorways around Munich

Munich Airport is accessible via nearby Motorway A 92, which connects to motorway A9 (towards Nuremberg) and Munich's ring motorway A99.

Bavarian State Road St. 2584 connects A 92's exit 6 (Flughafen München) – an incomplete interchange that can only be used by traffic to and from the west – to the terminals. Access from the east is possible via exit 8 (Freising Ost) and Bavarian State Road St. 2580, which connects to St. 2584 in the east of the airport.

Railway[edit]

Munich Airport is connected to the city by Munich suburban railway (S-Bahn) lines S1 and S8. The ride takes approximately 45 minutes to the Marienplatz station in the city centre. S1 runs from the airport through the northwestern suburbs and reaches the city centre from the west (HauptbahnhofMarienplatzMünchen Ost), while S8 comes in from the eastern suburbs passing the stations from the opposite direction. The S-Bahn from the airport to the city runs approx. 20 hours a day with a short break between 01:30 and 04:00.[38]

Furthermore, a scheduled bus service (MVV line 635) connects the airport within 20 minutes to the Freising railway station, providing access to regional trains to destinations like Munich, Nuremberg, Regensburg and Prague.

Munich Airport Terminal station is located in a tunnel beneath the central area. A second station called Besucherpark (German for Visitors' Park) connects the cargo and maintenance areas, long-term parking, administrative buildings and the name-giving Visitors' Park.

A second tunnel beneath the terminals is currently unused. Originally, there were plans to use it for intercity railway, then for a Transrapid maglev train making the trip to München Hauptbahnhof in 10 minutes. However, this project was cancelled in March 2008 due to cost escalation.

Bus[edit]

MVV bus lines connect the airport to the nearby city of Freising as well as Erding and Markt Schwaben. Lufthansa Airport Bus provides an alternative to the S-Bahn, stopping at Nordfriedhof U-Bahn station and Munich Central Station.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b ADV passenger statistics and aircraft movements
  2. ^ a b EAD Basic
  3. ^ Airports Council International – Year to date International Passenger Traffic Data
  4. ^ http://www.aci.aero/Data-Centre/Monthly-Traffic-Data/Passenger-Summary/Year-to-date
  5. ^ http://www.aero.de/news-18584/Groesste-internationale-Fluglinie-in-Muenchen.html
  6. ^ anna.aero (20 April 2010). "Munich's traffic doubles in 10 years; Lufthansa adds more routes than it drops as a host of new airlines announce new services". anna.aero Airline News & Analysis. 
  7. ^ Company history on Airbus.com – Early days (1967–1969)
  8. ^ "Lufthansa and Munich operator approve Terminal 2 satellite". Retrieved 2 January 2011. 
  9. ^ "Munich Airport – Edeka". Munich-airport.de. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "Ladenschlussgesetz – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia". En.wikipedia.org. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  11. ^ Munich Airport Facts and Figures: 2011/2012
  12. ^ MUC Airport – Facts and Figures 2010/2011 (p.10)
  13. ^ DC Airports (20 August 2007). "Erläuterungsbericht Technische Planung Luftseite". Planfeststellungsverfahren 3. Start- und Landebahn (in German). pp. 16, 42. Retrieved 24 November 2008. 
  14. ^ "Air China to Launch Shanghai Pudong-Munich Service from June 2014". Airline Route. 17 January 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  15. ^ Air Europa Revises Planned Germany Service Launch in S14
  16. ^ http://www.ana.co.jp/eng/aboutana/press/2013/131218.html
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h http://www.condor.com/eu/fileadmin/dam/pdf/tcf-eu/06_The_Company/02_Press/Buchungsstart_Langstrecke_Wi1314_en_130305.pdf
  18. ^ JL (4 March 2013). "Condor Adds New Long-Haul Routes from Munich in W13 | Airline Route – Worldwide Airline Route Updates". Airlineroute.net. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  19. ^ a b c JL (4 April 2014). "Condor W14 Planned New Routes as of 04APR14 | Airline Route – Worldwide Airline Route Updates". Airlineroute.net. Retrieved 10 July 2014. 
  20. ^ a b http://www.easyjet.com/DE/Booking.mvc
  21. ^ "Estonian Air to open seasonal Tallinn-Munich route in December". BBN. 9 September 2013. Retrieved 9 September 2013. 
  22. ^ "Lufthansa flies to convenient Haneda Airport" (Press release). Lufthansa. 18 December 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2013. 
  23. ^ http://www.airliners.de/lufthansa-kuendigt-neue-langstreckenziele-ab-muenchen-an/30725
  24. ^ Duclos, François (18 July 2013). "Casablanca: Royal Air Maroc reprend la route de Munich" [Casablanca: Royal Air Maroc resumes services to Munich] (in French). Air Journal. Archived from the original on 18 July 2013. 
  25. ^ Turkish Airlines begin Istanbul Sabiha Gökçen-Munich service from January 2014
  26. ^ http://www.bizjournals.com/houston/morning_call/2013/11/united-airlines-to-launch-new.html
  27. ^ "BOEING 747 OF AIRBRIDGECARGO AIRLINES GOES TO BAVARIA". AirBridgeCargo. 29 April 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  28. ^ [1]
  29. ^ Annual Traffic Report 2013, p. 17 (in German)
  30. ^ http://www.munich-airport.de/de/micro/technik/planung/neubau/architektur/zonen/fracht/foc/index.jsp
  31. ^ http://www.lufthansa-technik.com/de/munich
  32. ^ http://www.airberlin-technik.com/tech_de/training/service/muenchen
  33. ^ http://www.autohaus.de/audi-eroeffnet-trainingscenter-in-muenchen-918376.html
  34. ^ http://www.munich-airport.de/de/consumer/aufenthalt_trans/hotels/index.jsp
  35. ^ http://hottelling.net/2014/01/31/kempinski-verliert-flughafen-hotel-in-munchen-erweiterung-zu-hilton-doppelmarke-geplant/
  36. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 29 March-4 April 1995. 68. "Wartungsallee 13, Munchen-Flughafen, Munchen D-85 356, Germany"
  37. ^ "Contact Us." DBA. 4 February 2004. Retrieved on 21 January 2010. "dba Luftfahrtgesellschaft mbH Wartungsallee 13 85356 München,. Munich Airport Germany" The address on Google Maps goes to "Wartungsallee 13 85356 Hallbergmoos, Germany."
  38. ^ http://www.mvv-muenchen.de/en/on-tour-with-the-mvv/air-travellers/index.html

External links[edit]

Media related to Munich Airport at Wikimedia Commons