Municipal Borough of Dagenham

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Dagenham
Dagenham civic center london.jpg
Dagenham Town Hall
Dagenham essex 1961.png
Dagenham within Essex in 1961
Area
 - 1931/1951 6,554 acres (26.52 km2)
 - 1961 6,565 acres (26.57 km2)
Population
 - 1931 89,362
 - 1951 114,568
 - 1961 108,368
Density
 - 1931 14/acre
 - 1951 17/acre
 - 1961 16/acre
History
 - Origin Dagenham parish
 - Created 1926
 - Abolished 1965
 - Succeeded by London Borough of Barking
London Borough of Redbridge
Status Civil parish
Urban district (until 1938)
Municipal borough (after 1938)
Government Dagenham Urban District Council
Dagenham Borough Council
 - HQ Valence House (until 1937)
Becontree Heath (after 1937)
 - Motto Judge us by our deeds
Arms of the former municipal borough
Coat of arms of Dagenham Borough Council

Dagenham was a local government district in south west Essex, England from 1926 to 1965 covering the parish of Dagenham. Initially created as an urban district, it was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1938. It was established to deal with the increase in population and the change from rural to urban area caused by the building of the Becontree estate by the London County Council and the subsequent movement of people from Inner London. Peripheral to London, the district formed part of the Metropolitan Police District and London Traffic Area. It now forms the eastern sections of the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham and the London Borough of Redbridge in Greater London.

Formation[edit]

Dagenham parish formed part of Romford Rural District from 1894. In 1920 it was suggested the parish should be removed from the rural district and its area divided between Ilford Urban District and Barking Town Urban District,[1] because of the dramatic rise in population caused by the change in use of land from mostly farming to the large scale suburban housing development of the Becontree estate. Instead the urban district was created in 1926 from the parish of Dagenham.

District and borough[edit]

A move was mooted in 1929 to either combine Dagenham with Barking and Ilford (the three districts to contain parts of the Becontree estate), or for Dagenham to gain part of Barking;[1] but it was not acted upon. The district became part of the London Passenger Transport Area from 1933.

Dagenham was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1938.[2]

Initially the urban district council was based in Valence House, which it purchased from the London County Council in 1928. To replace this temporary accommodation, the council built an impressive art deco style town hall, which opened in 1937 and is now used as the Barking and Dagenham Civic Centre.[3] It is located at Becontree Heath, the ancient meeting place of the Becontree hundred. The first stone was ceremonially put in place in 1936 by Lord Snell, Chairman of the London County Council.[4]

The parish and district included a long protrusion northwards to include Chadwell Heath, Marks Gate, Hog Hill and part of Hainault Forest,[5] and formed a boundary with Chigwell.

The council exercised its right to be an excepted district, locally responsible for education, under the Education Act 1944.[6]

Abolition[edit]

The borough was considered to form part of the Greater London Conurbation, as defined by the Registrar General. The Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London considered the district for inclusion in Greater London and in 1965 it was abolished by the London Government Act 1963, with its former area transferred to Greater London from Essex,[7] to be combined with parts of other districts, including Barking, to form the London Borough of Barking (now known as the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham). The northern tip of the protustion northwards towards Chigwell became part of the London Borough of Redbridge along with the south eastern part of Chigwell Urban District.

Population[edit]

The population of the parish grew considerably after the building of the Becontree estate from 1921; it peaked in 1951. The introduction of industrial use such as the Ford Motor Company factory led to further increases in population.

Year[5] 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961
Population 2,708 2,879 3,411 4,324 6,091 7,930 9,127 89,362 114,568 108,368

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Powell, W.R. (Edr.) (1966). The borough of Barking, A History of the County of Essex: Volume 5. Victoria County History. British History Online. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  2. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Dagenham UD/MB. Retrieved on 2009-10-05.
  3. ^ "Law and Government Buildings Selection Guide". English Heritage. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  4. ^ "Dagenham Civic Centre. Foundation Stone laid by Lord Snell". British Pathe. 1936. 
  5. ^ a b Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Dagenham parish (historic mappopulation. Retrieved on 2009-10-05.
  6. ^ Powell, W.R. (Edr.) (1966). Dagenham: Churches, schools and charities, A History of the County of Essex: Volume 5. Victoria County History. British History Online. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  7. ^ London Government Act 1963. HMSO. 1963. 

Coordinates: 51°33′39″N 0°09′20″E / 51.5609°N 0.1556°E / 51.5609; 0.1556