Municipal Borough of Ealing
Ealing Town Hall
Ealing within Middlesex in 1961
|- 1894||2,947 acres (11.9 km2)|
|- 1965||8,783 acres (35.5 km2)|
|- Succeeded by||London Borough of Ealing|
|Status||Local board of health 1863 - 1894
Urban district 1894 - 1901
Municipal borough 1901 - 1965
|- Motto||Respice Prospice (Look backward, look forward)|
Ealing was a local government district from 1863 to 1965 around the town of Ealing.
It was created an urban district in 1894, by the Local Government Act 1894. In 1901 it was granted a charter of incorporation to become the first municipal borough in Middlesex. The urban district council was replaced by a corporation consisting of a mayor, 6 aldermen and 18 councillors.
Ealing Town Hall was built in 1886, replacing an earlier hall on the same site. The architect was Charles Jones, who also designed several other buildings and features in the borough.
The borough was greatly enlarged in 1926 when it absorbed the urban districts of Greenford (including the parishes of Perivale and West Twyford) and Hanwell. Accordingly the size of the borough council was increased: by 1960 it consisted of a mayor, 16 aldermen and 48 councillors. In 1952 there was a failed attempt to gain county borough status.
In 1965, under the London Government Act 1963, the municipal borough was abolished and its former area transferred to Greater London to be combined with that of other districts to form the present-day London Borough of Ealing. An oak tree like in the borough coat of arms is now present in the coat of arms of the London Borough of Ealing.
Coat of arms
Granted on February 22, 1902, the Municipal Borough's coat of arms (not to be confused with the modern borough's coat of arms) was: Per chevron gules and argent, in dexter chief two swords in saltire and in sinister chief three seaxes (Saxon swords) fessewise in pale all proper, with pommels and hilts or, and in base an oak tree eradicated (uprooted) also proper. The crossed swords are the symbol of Saint Paul and taken from the arms of the See of London, to which the manor historically belonged. The seaxes are from the arms of the county of Middlesex, and the tree was a symbol that Ealing is growing and flourishing.
- Baker, T.F.T.; Elrington, C.R. (1982). "'Ealing and Brentford: Local government', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 7: Acton, Chiswick, Ealing and Brentford, West Twyford, Willesden". British History Online. pp. 144–147. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
- Youngs 1979, p. ?
- "Coat of arms of Ealing". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 16 April 2015.