Municipal Borough of Kingston-upon-Thames

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Kingston-upon-Thames
Area
 - 1911 1,133 acres (4.6 km2)
 - 1931 1,131 acres (4.6 km2)
 - 1961 1,408 acres (5.7 km2)
Population
 - 1911 37,975
 - 1931 39,055
 - 1961 36,461
Density
 - 1911 33/acre
 - 1931 34/acre
 - 1961 26/acre
History
 - Origin Kingston-upon-Thames ancient borough
 - Created 1835
 - Abolished 1965
 - Succeeded by London Borough of Kingston upon Thames
Status Municipal borough (1835—1965)
Royal borough (confirmed 1927)
Civil parish (1894—1965)
Government Kingston Corporation
 - HQ Market House (1840–1935)
Guildhall (1935–1965)

Kingston-upon-Thames (spelt with hyphens) was a local government district in north east Surrey, England from 1835 to 1965 around the town now known as Kingston upon Thames. It was alternatively known as Kingston on Thames (spelt with or without hyphens).[1][2] It was a municipal borough and also held the rarer status of Royal borough. The district was abolished in 1965 and was replaced with the larger London Borough of Kingston upon Thames in Greater London, with the Royal borough status passed to the new district.

Façade of public building.
The façade of the Kingston County Court building showing the old spelling of the town's name.

History[edit]

The ancient borough of Kingston-upon-Thames[2] received its charter in 1484 from Edward IV.[3] The borough corporation was reformed by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835. The ancient parish of Kingston-upon-Thames was much larger than the ancient borough. Through the gradual process of splitting off new parishes, the borough and parish became coterminous in 1894.[4]

It formed part of the expanded Metropolitan Police District from 1840 and the London Traffic Area from 1924.

It was known as a Royal borough through ancient custom and the right to the title was confirmed by George V in 1927.[3] The borough formed part of the London Passenger Transport Area from 1933.

It gained an area of 251 acres (1 km2) in the north west from the abolition of Ham Urban District in 1933[5] and was affected by a minor exchange of territory with the Municipal Borough of Richmond in 1958.[1]

The district was abolished in 1965 by the London Government Act 1963 and its former area was transferred to Greater London to be combined with that of the Municipal Borough of Malden and Coombe and the Municipal Borough of Surbiton to form the London Borough of Kingston upon Thames;[6] with the status of Royal borough transferred to the new borough.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Kingston upon Thames MB (historic map). Retrieved on 2009-10-29.
  2. ^ a b On the question of hyphenation, see official documents and other publications from before 1 April 1965.
  3. ^ a b "The Borough Seal". Kingston London Borough Council. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  4. ^ Youngs, Frederic (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England. I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. ISBN 0-901050-67-9. 
  5. ^ GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Ham Urban District. Retrieved on 2009-10-29.
  6. ^ GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Kingston upon Thames London Borough. Retrieved on 2009-10-29.

Coordinates: 51°24′37″N 0°17′58″W / 51.4103°N 0.2994°W / 51.4103; -0.2994