Municipal Borough of Middleton
|- 1911||4,775 acres (19.32 km2)|
|- 1961||5,173 acres (20.93 km2)|
|- Succeeded by||Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale|
Middleton Town Hall, Gas Street 1886 - 1925
|- Motto||Fortis in Arduis (strong in difficulties)|
By the nineteenth century the neighbouring townships of Middleton and Tonge formed a single town. The townships, separated by the River Irk, lay in different parishes and local administration was in the hands of constables appointed by the Lord of the Manor.
In 1861 a local act of parliament established Middleton and Tonge Improvement Commissioners to provide public services in the area. In 1879 the improvement commissioners district was enlarged to take in Alkrington and parts of Hopwood and Thornham.
Following a petition by the inhabitant householders of the improvement commissioners district, a charter of incorporation was granted on 21 July 1886, constituting the area as the Municipal Borough of Middleton.
The borough was enlarged in 1894 by the addition of parts of the townships of Great Heaton and Little Heaton, and the boundaries with neighbouring districts were adjusted in 1933 by a County Review Order.
The charter created an elected town council for the borough, consisting of a mayor, six aldermen and eighteen councillors. The borough was divided into three wards, and two councillors were elected for a three-year term in each ward annually. Each ward was also represented by two alderman: half of the aldermanic bench were elected by the council every three years, and they each served for six years. The mayor was elected annually from among the council's membership.
In the early years the borough council appears to have non-political, and elections were rarely contested, with an agreed panel of candidates standing unopposed. In later years the council was broadly Conservative in complexion. Following the Second World War elections were held on party political lines. The Conservative Party had an overall majority until 1957, with Labour, Liberal and Independent councilors in opposition.
In 1957 the size of the borough council was increased from twenty-four to thirty-six. The Labour Party gained control of the enlarged council, and held it until 1960. Apart from one year under no overall control, the administration of the borough alternated between the Conservatives (1960–1963 and 1969–1971) and Labour (1963–1969 and 1972–1974).
Coat of arms
Quarterly per pale nebuly gules and argent on a fesse ermine between a cross patonce of the second in the first quarter a mullet sable pierced of the field in the second a silkworm moth volant in the third and a rock in base thereon a stork in the fourth three sprigs of the cotton tree slipped and fructed all proper, and for a crest on a wreath of the colours upon a mount vert between two boars' heads erect and couped sable a tower proper suspended therefrom by a riband gules an escutcheon Or charged with a lion passant also gules.
The design combined features from the arms of local families with symbols of the town's industries. The basic layout of the shield was based on the arms of Middleton of Middleton Hall: "Quarterly gules and Or in the first a cross flory argent", while the black spur-rowel came from the arms of the Assheton family. The textile industries of Middleton were depicted by the cotton sprigs and silk worm moth. According to the borough council the stork represented "the desire for the increase in population'". The crest above the shield was made up of a tower and lion from the heraldry of the Earls of Middleton between two boars' heads from the arms of another Middleton family.
- Great Britain Historical GIS Project (2004). "Middleton MB through time. Census tables with data for the Local Government District". A vision of Britain through time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 25 July 2008.
- William Farrer & J. Brownbill (editors) (1911). "Middleton". A History of the County of Lancaster, Vol.5. British History Online. Retrieved 23 October 2008.
- "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Places names - M to N. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 23 October 2008.
- Municipal Elections, The Times, November 2, 1894, p.6, November 3, 1897, p.4
- The Times, May 10, 1957, p.6; May 13, 1960, p.10
- The Times, May 10, 1963; May 12, 1969, p.12; May 12, 1969; May 14, 1971, p.4; May 5, 1972
- A C Fox-Davies, The Book of Public Arms, 2nd edition, London, 1915
- W C Scott-Giles, Civic Heraldry of England and Wales, 2nd edition, London, 1953