|This article is missing information about the Municipal Year in Scotland and Ireland. (January 2011)|
The municipal year is a period used by local government in the United Kingdom. The municipal year usually begins in May, following any local elections. It is not a fixed date so the number of days in any municipal year varies.
Historically, in some English council areas[where?], the beginning of a new municipal year took place in November[why?], and was a traditional time for celebration and festivities. In Newcastle-under-Lyme in the 19th century, the election was known as Mayor-choosing day, or clouting-out day, and was – according to one contemporary source, "the very Saturnalia of play." Large-scale street games were played by children (imprisonment and subsequent rescue, or "clouting out", with knotted ropes, of young people was the source of the name), and the free distribution of apples and penny coins were also customs. In the Irish city of Galway, in the Middle Ages, the newly appointed or -elected officers would, by convention, provide an enormous feast for the town's "more distinguished citizens", while others took to the streets and made merry.
England and Wales
The start of the municipal year follows any local elections taking place that year, typically in May. Some councils have elections every four years whereas others have elections on three years out of four, with a third of seats contested at each election.
The Local Government Act 1972 Section 99 requires that an annual meeting must take place between 8 and 21 days of the election of councillors, and outside of election years the annual meeting can take place on any day in March, April or May.
Section 23 (1) requires that "the election of the chairman shall be the first business transacted at the annual meeting of a principal council". Vice-chairman are also elected by the councillors. The chairman and vice-chairman of a borough in England, and a county borough in Wales, is known as mayor (or maer in Wales) and deputy mayor (or dirprwy faer in Wales). In councils with elected mayor executive arrangements the chairman or civic mayor is elected in the same way.
During the rest of the year the council can hold as many meetings as are required.
- Local government in the United Kingdom
- Local government in England
- Local government in Scotland
- Local government in Wales
- Local government in Northern Ireland
- Academic year
- Fiscal year
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- Burne, Charlotte (30 September 1914). "Souling, Clementing, and Catterning. Three November Customs of the Western Midlands". Folklore 25 (3): 285–299. doi:10.1080/0015587x.1914.9718825. ISSN 0015-587X. OCLC 44708348.
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- O'Sullivan, M (1939). "The Use of Leisure in Old Galway". Journal of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society (Galway Archaeological and Historical Society) 18 (3/4): 99–120. ISSN 0332-415X. OCLC 468020167.
- Local Government Act 1972