Municipalities of El Salvador

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El Salvador
Municipalities of El Salvador

The departments of El Salvador are divided into 262 municipalities or municipios. The municipalities are listed below, by department El Salvador is divided into fourteen administrative divisions called departments, the equivalent of counties in the United States. Each department is administered by a governor appointed by the president. An alternate for each governor is also designated. Governors must be Salvadoran by birth, over twenty-five years of age, and residents of their department for at least two years prior to their appointment.

Below the departmental level, El Salvador is divided into 262 municipalities (or municipios, the equivalent of cities in the United States). Each municipio is governed by a municipal council composed of a mayor (alcalde), a legal representative (sindico), and two or more council members (regidores). The number of regidores is determined by the population of the municipio. Members of the municipal councils must be more than twenty-one years of age and residents of the municipio in which they serve. Directly elected, municipal officials serve three-year terms and may be reelected. Municipios are not all of equal size but are required to have a population of at least 10,000; municipal boundaries are determined by the Legislative Assembly.

The powers of local government are circumscribed by those of the central government. Because department governors are appointed by the president, their independence is questionable. Despite their status as elected representatives, the powers of municipal officeholders are also limited in certain key areas. The most glaring example is taxation. Although the municipal councils are allowed to suggest local taxes and tax rates, only the Legislative Assembly has the power to actually levy taxes. Therefore, all funds utilized by the councils are appropriated and disbursed by the assembly, although such funds are earmarked in the budget and are not incorporated into the central government's general fund. Among the duties relegated to the municipal councils under the Salvadoran Municipal Code are the holding of town meetings (cabildos abiertos) at least once every three months. The council is enjoined from acting against the majority opinion expressed at the cabildos abiertos. The municipal councils also grant legal recognition (personalidad juridica) to communal associations in their municipios. The councils are required to meet periodically with representatives of the communal associations and to consult with them on the appointment of representatives to advisory and other local commissions. The councils also issue local ordinances and regulations.

Ahuachapán Department[edit]

  1. Ahuachapán
  2. Apaneca
  3. Atiquizaya
  4. Concepción de Ataco
  5. El Refugio
  6. Guaymango
  7. Jujutla
  8. San Francisco Menéndez
  9. San Lorenzo
  10. San Pedro Puxtla
  11. Tacuba
  12. Turín

Cabañas Department[edit]

  1. Cinquera
  2. Dolores
  3. Guacotecti
  4. Ilobasco
  5. Jutiapa
  6. San Isidro
  7. Sensuntepeque
  8. Tejutepeque
  9. Victoria

Chalatenango Department[edit]

  1. Agua Caliente
  2. Arcatao
  3. Azacualpa
  4. Chalatenango
  5. Citalá
  6. Comalapa
  7. Concepción Quezaltepeque
  8. Dulce Nombre de María
  9. El Carrizal
  10. El Paraíso
  11. La Laguna
  12. La Palma
  13. La Reina
  14. Las Vueltas
  15. Nombre de Jesús
  16. Nueva Concepción
  17. Nueva Trinidad
  18. Ojos de Agua
  19. Potonico
  20. San Antonio de la Cruz (San Antonio La Cruz)
  21. San Antonio Los Ranchos (San Antonio Ranchos)
  22. San Fernando
  23. San Francisco Lempa
  24. San Francisco Morazán
  25. San Ignacio
  26. San Isidro Labrador
  27. San José Cancasque
  28. San José Las Flores
  29. San Luis del Carmen
  30. San Miguel de Mercedes
  31. San Rafael
  32. Santa Rita
  33. Tejutla

Cuscatlán Department[edit]

  1. Candelaria
  2. Cojutepeque
  3. El Carmen
  4. El Rosario
  5. Monte San Juan
  6. Oratorio de Concepción
  7. San Bartolomé Perulapía
  8. San Cristóbal
  9. San José Guayabal
  10. San Pedro Perulapán
  11. San Rafael Cedros
  12. San Ramón
  13. Santa Cruz Analquito
  14. Santa Cruz Michapa
  15. Suchitoto
  16. Tenancingo
  17. Zacatecas, Cuscatlán

La Libertad Department[edit]

  1. Antiguo Cuscatlán
  2. Chiltiupán
  3. Ciudad Arce
  4. Colón
  5. Comasagua
  6. Huizúcar
  7. Jayaque
  8. Jicalapa
  9. La Libertad
  10. Nuevo Cuscatlán
  11. Opico
  12. Quezaltepeque
  13. Sacacoyo
  14. San José Villanueva
  15. San Matías
  16. San Pablo Tacachico
  17. Santa Tecla
  18. Talnique
  19. Tamanique
  20. Teotepeque
  21. Tepecoyo
  22. Zaragoza

La Paz Department[edit]

  1. Cuyultitán
  2. El Rosario
  3. Jerusalén
  4. Mercedes La Ceiba
  5. Olocuilta
  6. Paraíso de Osorio
  7. San Antonio Masahuat
  8. San Emigdio
  9. San Francisco Chinameca
  10. San Juan Nonualco
  11. San Juan Talpa
  12. San Juan Tepezontes
  13. San Luis La Herradura
  14. San Luis Talpa
  15. San Miguel Tepezontes
  16. San Pedro Masahuat
  17. San Pedro Nonualco
  18. San Rafael Obrajuelo
  19. Santa María Ostuma
  20. Santiago Nonualco
  21. Tapalhuaca
  22. Zacatecoluca

La Unión Department[edit]

  1. Anamorós
  2. Bolívar
  3. Concepción de Oriente
  4. Conchagua
  5. El Carmen
  6. El Sauce
  7. Intipucá
  8. La Unión
  9. Lislique
  10. Meanguera del Golfo
  11. Nueva Esparta
  12. Pasaquina
  13. Polorós
  14. San Alejo
  15. San José
  16. Santa Rosa de Lima
  17. Yayantique
  18. Yucuaiquín

Morazán Department[edit]

  1. Arambala
  2. Cacaopera
  3. Chilanga
  4. Corinto
  5. Delicias de Concepción
  6. El Divisadero
  7. El Rosario
  8. Gualococti
  9. Guatajiagua
  10. Joateca
  11. Jocoaitique
  12. Jocoro
  13. Lolotiquillo
  14. Meanguera
  15. Osicala
  16. Perquín
  17. San Carlos
  18. San Fernando
  19. San Francisco Gotera
  20. San Isidro
  21. San Simón
  22. Sensembra
  23. Sociedad
  24. Torola
  25. Yamabal
  26. Yoloaiquín

San Miguel Department[edit]

  1. Carolina
  2. Chapeltique
  3. Chinameca
  4. Chirilagua
  5. Ciudad Barrios
  6. Comacarán
  7. El Tránsito
  8. Lolotique
  9. Moncagua
  10. Nueva Guadalupe
  11. Nuevo Edén de San Juan
  12. Quelepa
  13. San Antonio
  14. San Gerardo
  15. San Jorge
  16. San Luis de la Reina
  17. San Miguel
  18. San Rafael (San Rafael Oriente)
  19. Sesori
  20. Uluazapa

San Salvador Department[edit]

  1. Aguilares
  2. Apopa
  3. Ayutuxtepeque
  4. Cuscatancingo
  5. Delgado
  6. El Paisnal
  7. Guazapa
  8. Ilopango
  9. Mejicanos
  10. Nejapa
  11. Panchimalco
  12. Rosario de Mora
  13. San Marcos
  14. San Martín
  15. San Salvador
  16. Santiago Texacuangos
  17. Santo Tomás
  18. Soyapango
  19. Tonacatepeque

San Vicente Department[edit]

  1. Apastepeque
  2. Guadalupe
  3. San Cayetano Istepeque
  4. San Esteban Catarina
  5. San Ildefonso
  6. San Lorenzo
  7. San Sebastián
  8. San Vicente
  9. Santa Clara
  10. Santo Domingo
  11. Tecoluca
  12. Tepetitán
  13. Verapaz

Santa Ana Department[edit]

  1. Candelaria de la Frontera
  2. Chalchuapa
  3. Coatepeque
  4. El Congo
  5. El Porvenir
  6. Masahuat
  7. Metapán
  8. San Antonio Pajonal
  9. San Sebastián Salitrillo
  10. Santa Ana
  11. Santa Rosa Guachipilín
  12. Santiago de la Frontera
  13. Texistepeque

Sonsonate Department[edit]

  1. Acajutla
  2. Armenia
  3. Caluco
  4. Cuisnahuat
  5. Izalco
  6. Juayúa
  7. Nahuizalco
  8. Nahulingo
  9. Salcoatitán
  10. San Antonio del Monte
  11. San Julián
  12. Santa Catarina Masahuat
  13. Santa Isabel Ishuatán
  14. Santo Domingo
  15. Sonsonate
  16. Sonzacate

Usulután Department[edit]

  1. Alegría
  2. Berlín
  3. California
  4. Concepción Batres
  5. El Triunfo
  6. Ereguayquín
  7. Estanzuelas
  8. Jiquilisco
  9. Jucuapa
  10. Jucuarán
  11. Mercedes Umaña
  12. Nueva Granada
  13. Ozatlán
  14. Puerto El Triunfo
  15. San Agustín
  16. San Buenaventura
  17. San Dionisio
  18. San Francisco Javier
  19. Santa Elena
  20. Santa María
  21. Santiago de María
  22. Tecapán
  23. Usulután

See also[edit]