Municipalities of Estonia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Municipalities of Estonia
Coat of arms of Estonia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Estonia

A municipality (Estonian: omavalitsus, plural omavalitsused) is the smallest administrative subdivision of Estonia. Each municipality is a unit of self-government with its representative and executive bodies. The municipalities in Estonia cover the entire territory of the country.

Municipalities in Estonia are of two types: urban municipalities or towns (linnad, singular linn) and rural municipalities or parishes (vallad, singular vald). There is no other status distinction between them.

Municipality may contain one or several populated places. Some urban municipalities are divided into districts (linnaosad, singular linnaosa) with limited self-government, e.g. Tallinn consists of 8 districts (Haabersti, Kesklinn, Kristiine, Lasnamäe, Mustamäe, Nõmme, Pirita, Põhja-Tallinn).

Municipalities range in population from Tallinn with 427,500 inhabitants to Ruhnu with 68.[1] As over two-thirds of the municipalities have a population of under 3,000, many of them have found it advantageous to co-operate in providing services and carrying out administrative functions.

Currently, since October 2013, there are total of 215 municipalities, 30 of which are urban and 185 rural. By county, these are:

Harju County[edit]

23 municipalities (6 urban, 17 rural)

Municipalities of Harju County

Urban municipalities:

Rural municipalities:

Hiiu County[edit]

4 rural municipalities

Municipalities of Hiiu County

Rural municipalities:

Ida-Viru County[edit]

20 municipalities (5 urban, 15 rural)

Municipalities of Ida-Viru County

Urban municipalities:

Rural municipalities:

Järva County[edit]

12 municipalities (1 urban, 11 rural)

Municipalities of Järva County

Urban municipalities:

Rural municipalities:

Jõgeva County[edit]

13 municipalities (3 urban, 10 rural)

Municipalities of Jõgeva County

Urban municipalities:

Rural municipalities:

Lääne County[edit]

10 municipalities (1 urban, 9 rural)

Municipalities of Lääne County

Urban municipality:

Rural municipalities:

Lääne-Viru County[edit]

15 municipalities (2 urban, 13 rural)

Municipalities of Lääne-Viru County

Urban municipalities:

Rural municipalities:

Pärnu County[edit]

19 municipalities (2 urban, 17 rural)

Municipalities of Pärnu County

Urban municipalities:

Rural municipalities:

Põlva County[edit]

13 rural municipalities

Municipalities of Põlva County

Rural municipalities:

Rapla County[edit]

10 rural municipalities

Municipalities of Rapla County

Rural municipalities:

Saare County[edit]

16 municipalities (1 urban, 15 rural)

Municipalities of Saare County

Urban municipality:

Rural municipalities:

Tartu County[edit]

22 municipalities (3 urban, 19 rural)

Municipalities of Tartu County

Urban municipalities:

Rural municipalities:

Valga County[edit]

13 municipalities (2 urban, 11 rural)

Municipalities of Valga County

Urban municipalities:

Rural municipalities:

Viljandi County[edit]

12 municipalities (3 urban, 9 rural)

Municipalities of Viljandi County

Urban municipalities:

Rural municipalities:

Võru County[edit]

13 municipalities (1 urban, 12 rural)

Municipalities of Võru County

Urban municipality:

Rural municipalities:

Structure of local authorities[edit]

In each municipality there is a local government as well as a council.

The council (volikogu) is a representative body elected by the residents of a municipality for a term of three years. The members of the council elect a chairman (volikogu esimees), who organises the council’s work and represents the municipality.

The government (valitsus) is an executive body formed by the council. It is headed by a mayor (linnapea in towns, vallavanem in parishes), who is appointed for a four-year term. The mayor cannot be the chairman of the council. Other members of the government are chosen by the mayor with the approval of the council.

Former municipalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]