Municipalities of Kosovo

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politics and government of
Kosovo
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A Municipality (Albanian: komuna, Serbian: општина/ opština) is the basic administrative division in Kosovo[a]. There are 38 municipalities in Kosovo, although because of the continuing dispute over Kosovo's political status, Serbia does not recognise the legality of those created since Kosovo's independence in February 2008. Ten of the municipalities have Serb majorities, and contain about 90% of all Serbs in Kosovo. Some of the Serb-majority municipalities in the north of Kosovo function mainly under "parallel structures" which are not in turn recognised by the Government of Kosovo; but in functional terms the borders of municipalities under Kosovo legislation reflect the realities of divisions between local administrations.

List of Municipalities[edit]

Districts and municipalities of Kosovo.
Municipalities of Kosovo.
Albanian language Serbo-Croatian language Note
Deçan Dečani
Dragash Dragaš
Drenas Glogovac
Ferizaj Uroševac
Fushë Kosovë Kosovo Polje
Gjakova Đakovica
Gjilan Gnjilane
Gracanicë Gračanica Serb majority municipality
Hani i Elezit Đeneral Janković/ Elez Han
Istog Istok
Junik Junik
Kaçanik Kačanik
Kamenicë Kosovska Kamenica
Klinë Klina
Kllokot Klokot/Vrbovac Serb majority municipality
Malishevë Mališevo
Mamush Mamuša Turkish majority municipality
Mitrovicë Veriore Severna Mitrovica Serb majority municipality
Mitrovicë Jugore Južna Mitrovica
Novobërdë Novo Brdo
Obiliç Obilić
Rahovec Orahovac
Partesh Parteš Serb majority municipality
Pejë Peć
Podujevë Podujevo
Prishtinë Priština
Prizren Prizren
Ranillug Ranilug Serb majority municipality
Skënderaj Srbica
Shtërpcë Štrpce
Shtime Štimlje
Suharekë Suva Reka
Viti Vitina
Vushtrri Vučitrn
Zubin Potok Zubin Potok
Zveçan Zvečan

Before 2005, only the municipalities of Leposaviq, Zubin Potok and Zveçan in the north of Kosovo had a significant Serbian majority, constituting more than 90% of the population there. All other municipalities had a very substantial Albanian majority except for Shtërpcë in the south, which had a Serb majority. The new municipalities of Graçanicë, Kllokot, Partesh, Mitrovicë Veriore (Eng: North Mitrovica), and Ranillug and the previously existing municipality of Novobërdë under its new boundaries all contain Serb majorities; in aggregate, they contain around 90% of the Serbs in Kosovo. In addition, Mamush has a Turkish-majority population, and Dragash has a majority who consider themselves either as Gorani or Bosniaks.

Powers of municipalities[edit]

All municipalities have the following competences:

1. Local economic development;
2. Urban and rural planning;
3. Land use and development;
4. Implementation of building regulations and building control standards;
5. Local environmental protection;
6. Provision and maintenance of public services and utilities, including water supply, sewers and drains, sewage treatment, waste management, local roads, local transport and local heating schemes;
7. Local emergency response;
8. Provision of public pre-primary, primary and secondary education, including registration and licensing of educational institutions, recruitment, payment of salaries and training of education instructors and administrators;
9. Provision of public primary health care:
10. Provision of family and other social welfare services, such as care for the vulnerable, foster care, child care, elderly care, including registration and licensing of these care centres, recruitment, payment of salaries and training of social welfare professionals;
11. Public housing;
12. Public health;
13. Licensing of local services and facilities, including those related to entertainment, cultural and leisure activities, food, lodging, markets, street vendors, local public transportation and taxis;
14. Naming of roads, streets and other public places;
15. Provision and maintenance of public parks and spaces;
16. Tourism;
17. Cultural and leisure activities;
18. Any matter which is not explicitly excluded from their competence nor assigned to other authorities.

In addition, all municipalities with Serb majorities have additional powers over the appointment of local police commanders, religious and cultural heritage sites within their boundaries; some of them have competences over universities and secondary health which in non-Serb-majority municipalities are a matter for central government (and, through the right of association of municipalities, even those Serb-majority municipalities which are not specifically given these powers may exercise them in association with those that do).

Former municipalities[edit]

Between 1990 and 2000 in the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija there were the following additional municipalities:

In 2000 both were merged into the new municipality of Dragash. The number of municipalities remained 30 until 2005, because at the same time the new municipality of Malishevë was formed by taking territories from the municipalities of Rahovec (District of Gjakova), Suharekë (District of Prizren), Klinë (District of Pejë) and Gllogovc (District of Prishtinë).

Notes and references[edit]

Notes:

a. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 107 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References:

External links[edit]