Municipalities of Kosovo
|Municipalities of Kosovo|
|Found in||Districts of Kosovo|
|Created by||Constitution of Kosovo|
|Number||38 (as of 2013)|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
|Constitution and law|
A municipality (Albanian: komunë, Serbian: општина/ opština) is the basic administrative division in Kosovo.[a] There are 38 municipalities in Kosovo; thirty of which have Albanian majority, seven–Serb and one–Turkish (Mamusha). After the 2013 Brussels Agreement between the governments of Kosovo and Serbia, Serbia recognised the municipalities and the Republic's governance of the territory, and agreed to create an association of Serb-majority municipalities, which will operate within the Kosovo legal framework.
List of municipalities
|Name (Albanian)||Name (Serbian)||Population (2011)[b]||Area (km2)||Density (km2)||Settlements|
|Fushë Kosovë||Kosovo Polje||34,827||83||419.6||15|
|Hani i Elezit||Elez Han||9,389||83||113.1||11|
|Mitrovica Veriore||Severna Kosovska Mitrovica||29,460||11||2,678.2||–|
|Zubin Potok||Zubin Potok||14,900||333||44.7||29|
Powers of municipalities
- Local economic development.
- Urban and rural planning.
- Land use and development.
- Implementation of building regulations and building control standards.
- Local environmental protection.
- Provision and maintenance of public services and utilities, including water supply, sewers and drains, sewage treatment, waste management, local roads, local transport and local heating schemes.
- Local emergency response.
- Provision of public pre-primary, primary and secondary education, including registration and licensing of educational institutions, recruitment, payment of salaries and training of education instructors and administrators.
- Provision of public primary health care.
- Provision of family and other social welfare services, such as care for the vulnerable, foster care, child care, elderly care, including registration and licensing of these care centers, recruitment, payment of salaries and training of social welfare professionals.
- Public housing.
- Public health.
- Licensing of local services and facilities, including those related to entertainment, cultural and leisure activities, food, lodging, markets, street vendors, local public transportation and taxis.
- Naming of roads, streets and other public places.
- Provision and maintenance of public parks and spaces.
- Cultural and leisure activities.
- Any matter which is not explicitly excluded from their competence nor assigned to other authorities.
In addition, all municipalities with Serb majorities have additional powers over the appointment of local police commanders, religious and cultural heritage sites within their boundaries; some of them have competences over universities and secondary health which in non-Serb-majority municipalities are a matter for central government (and, through the right of association of municipalities, even those Serb-majority municipalities which are not specifically given these powers may exercise them in association with those that do).
In 2000 both were merged into the new municipality of Dragash. The number of municipalities remained 30 until 2005, because at the same time the new municipality of Malishevë was formed by taking territories from the municipalities of Rahovec (District of Gjakova), Suharekë (District of Prizren), Klinë (District of Pejë) and Gllogovc (District of Prishtinë).
Notes and references
|a.||^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.|
|b.||^ Due to the boycott by most municipalities in the north in the 2011 Kosovo census, the exact number of the population of Leposavić, North Mitrovica, Zubin Potok and Zvečan is unknown. Estimates are taken according to a 2014 OSCE report.|
- "Brussels Agreement 2013: Key number 10: "The judicial authorities will be integrated and operate within the Kosovo legal framework..."".
- "LAW ON LOCAL SELF GOVERNMENT". Constitution of Kosovo.
- "OSCE Leposavic estimates". OSCE.
- "OSCE Mitrovica North estimate". OSCE.
- "OSCE Zubin Potok estimate". OSCE.
- "OSCE Zvecan estimates". OSCE.
- List of websites of the Municipalities of Kosovo
- OSCE Municipal profiles
- Association of Kosovo Municipalities
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