Municipalities of Kosovo

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Municipalities of Kosovo
Municipalities of Kosovo.svg
Category Municipality
Location  Kosovo
Found in Districts of Kosovo
Created by Constitution of Kosovo
Number 38 (as of 2013)
Populations 1,800-200,000
Government Municipality council
Coat of arms of Kosovo.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Kosovo
Constitution and law

A municipality (Albanian: komunë, Serbian: општина/ opština) is the basic administrative division in Kosovo.[a] There are 38 municipalities in Kosovo; thirty of which have Albanian majority, seven–Serb and one–Turkish (Mamusha). After the 2013 Brussels Agreement between the governments of Kosovo and Serbia, Serbia recognised the municipalities and the Republic's governance of the territory, and agreed to create an association of Serb-majority municipalities, which will operate within the Kosovo legal framework.[1]

List of municipalities[edit]

Name (Albanian) Name (Serbian) Population (2011)[b] Area (km2) Density (km2) Settlements
Deçan Dečani 38,984 180 216.6 37
Dragash Dragaš 33,997 435 78.2 35
Drenas Glogovac 58,531 290 201.8 37
Ferizaj Uroševac 108,690 345 315 45
Fushë Kosovë Kosovo Polje 34,827 83 419.6 15
Gjakova Đakovica 94,557 587 161.1 91
Gjilan Gnjilane 90,015 385 233.8 54
Gracanicë Gračanica 10,675 131 81.5 16
Hani i Elezit Elez Han 9,389 83 113.1 11
Istog Istok 39,289 454 86.5 50
Junik Junik 6,078 86 70.7 10
Kaçanik Kačanik 33,454 221 151.4 31
Kamenicë/Dardanë Kosovska Kamenica 35,600 423 84.2 58
Klinë Klina 38,496 308 125 54
Kllokot Klokot 2,556 24 106.5 4
Leposaviq Leposavić 18,600 539 34.5 42
Lipjan Lipljan 57,605 422 136.5 70
Malishevë Mališevo 59,722 361 165.4 43
Mamushë Mamuša 5,507 11 500.6
Mitrovicë Kosovska Mitrovica 71,909 350 205.5 45
Mitrovica Veriore Severna Kosovska Mitrovica 29,460 11 2,678.2
Novobërdë Novo Brdo 6,729 204 33 24
Obiliq/Kastriot Obilić 21,549 105 205.2 19
Partesh Parteš 1,787 18 99.3 3
Pejë Peć 96,450 603 160 14
Prishtinë Priština 198,897 572 347.7 41
Prizren Prizren 177,781 284 626 74
Podujevë Podujevo 88,499 663 133.5 76
Rahovec Orahovac 55,053 276 199.5 32
Ranillug Ranilug 3,866 78 49.6 18
Shtërpcë Štrpce 6,949 247 28.1 16
Shtime Štimlje 27,324 134 203.9 23
Skënderaj Srbica 50,858 378 134.5 49
Suharekë Suva Reka 54,613 306 178.5 42
Viti Vitina 46,959 278 168.9 39
Vushtrri Vučitrn 69,870 344 203.1 67
Zubin Potok Zubin Potok 14,900 333 44.7 29
Zveçan Zvečan 16,650 122 136.5 35
Kosovo
1,816,675 10,908 170 1,339

Powers of municipalities[edit]

All municipalities have the following competences, as regulated by Law Nr. 03/L-040 of the Constitution of Kosovo:[2]

  1. Local economic development.
  2. Urban and rural planning.
  3. Land use and development.
  4. Implementation of building regulations and building control standards.
  5. Local environmental protection.
  6. Provision and maintenance of public services and utilities, including water supply, sewers and drains, sewage treatment, waste management, local roads, local transport and local heating schemes.
  7. Local emergency response.
  8. Provision of public pre-primary, primary and secondary education, including registration and licensing of educational institutions, recruitment, payment of salaries and training of education instructors and administrators.
  9. Provision of public primary health care.
  10. Provision of family and other social welfare services, such as care for the vulnerable, foster care, child care, elderly care, including registration and licensing of these care centers, recruitment, payment of salaries and training of social welfare professionals.
  11. Public housing.
  12. Public health.
  13. Licensing of local services and facilities, including those related to entertainment, cultural and leisure activities, food, lodging, markets, street vendors, local public transportation and taxis.
  14. Naming of roads, streets and other public places.
  15. Provision and maintenance of public parks and spaces.
  16. Tourism.
  17. Cultural and leisure activities.
  18. Any matter which is not explicitly excluded from their competence nor assigned to other authorities.

In addition, all municipalities with Serb majorities have additional powers over the appointment of local police commanders, religious and cultural heritage sites within their boundaries; some of them have competences over universities and secondary health which in non-Serb-majority municipalities are a matter for central government (and, through the right of association of municipalities, even those Serb-majority municipalities which are not specifically given these powers may exercise them in association with those that do).

Former municipalities[edit]

Between 1990 and 2000 in the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija there were the following additional municipalities:

In 2000 both were merged into the new municipality of Dragash. The number of municipalities remained 30 until 2005, because at the same time the new municipality of Malishevë was formed by taking territories from the municipalities of Rahovec (District of Gjakova), Suharekë (District of Prizren), Klinë (District of Pejë) and Gllogovc (District of Prishtinë).

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes:

a. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.
b.   ^ Due to the boycott by most municipalities in the north in the 2011 Kosovo census, the exact number of the population of Leposavić, North Mitrovica, Zubin Potok and Zvečan is unknown. Estimates are taken according to a 2014 OSCE report.[3][4][5][6]

References:

External links[edit]