Municipalities of Lithuania

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Lithuania

Lithuania is a country in Northern Europe. It is a member of the United Nations, European Union, Council of Europe and NATO.[1] As of 2010, it had a population of approximately 3.3 million, and an area of 65,300 square kilometres (16,135,981.41 acres; 25,212.47 sq mi).[2] In the 14th century, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was one of the largest countries in Europe and included present-day Lithuania, Belarus, most of Ukraine, and parts of Estonia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, and Russia. As a Soviet Socialist Republic (since 1940), Lithuania initiated its declaration of independence in 1990, and gained international recognition the following year.[1]

The country is divided into three layers of administrative divisions. The first-level division consists of 10 counties (Lithuanian: singular – apskritis, plural – apskritys). These are sub-divided into 60 municipalities (Lithuanian: plural – savivaldybės, singular – savivaldybė), which in turn are further sub-divided into over 500 smaller groups, known as elderships (Lithuanian: plural – seniūnijos, singular – seniūnija).

At the end of its tenure as a Soviet Socialist Republic, Lithuania's administrative divisions consisted of 44 regions, 12 cities, 80 towns, 19 settlements, and 426 rural districts.[3] The reform of this system was an immediate concern for the new government.[4] The Constitution of Lithuania, ratified in 1992, delegated the power of establishing future administrative units to the Lithuanian Parliament (Seimas). Accordingly, the Seimas passed two fundamental laws: a 1993 law on government representation and a 1994 law specifying the territorial-administrative units and their boundaries.[4] The current system of a set of municipalities under 10 counties was codified by 1995.[4] Several changes were made in 2000, resulting in 60 municipalities.[5] Further changes, including a possible increase in the number of municipalities, are still being discussed.[6] Municipal councilors are directly elected every four years.[7] The councilors then elect the municipality's mayor.[7]

The following map shows counties as well as municipalities. Seven city municipalities and three municipalities are marked by numbers.

A map divided into ten sections all filled in with a different colour and further subdivided into subsections

1 – Vilnius City Municipality
2 – Kaunas City Municipality
3 – Klaipėda City Municipality

4 – Panevėžys City Municipality
5 – Šiauliai City Municipality
6 – Alytus City Municipality

7 – Birštonas Municipality
8 – Palanga City Municipality
9 – Visaginas Municipality
10 – Neringa Municipality

Municipalities[edit]

Municipality County Administrative center[8] Area[9] Pop. (2010)[9] Density (2010)[9]
A coat of arms depicting orange tools on a white background on the top and an orange sun on a dark green background on the bottom
Akmenė District Municipality
Šiauliai Naujoji Akmenė 7002844000000000000844 square kilometres (208,556.94 acres; 325.87 sq mi) 26,737 31.7
A coat of arms depicting a white flower in the middle that has a yellow stamen and green leaves all on a red background
Alytus City Municipality
Alytus Alytus 700160000000000000060 square kilometres (14,826.32 acres; 23.17 sq mi) 66,841 1,671.0
A coat of arms depicting three flowers that have red petals, green stalks, and green leaves all sprouting from green earth
Alytus District Municipality
Alytus Alytus[nb 1] 70031404000000000001,404 square kilometres (346,935.96 acres; 542.09 sq mi) 30,691 21.9
A coat of arms depicting a brown bridge rising up out of a blue body of water into a blue sky with white clouds
Anykščiai District Municipality
Utena Anykščiai 70031765000000000001,765 square kilometres (436,141.00 acres; 681.47 sq mi) 31,088 17.6
A coat of arms depicting a sea creature with sharp teeth, one protruding bottom tooth, and a blowhole spewing water
Birštonas Municipality
Kaunas Birštonas 7002124000000000000124 square kilometres (30,641.07 acres; 47.88 sq mi) 5,178 41.8
A coat of arms depicting a white flag with a black bird on it with a yellow beak and yellow claws all on a yellow background
Biržai District Municipality
Panevėžys Biržai 70031476000000000001,476 square kilometres (364,727.54 acres; 569.89 sq mi) 32,116 21.8
A coat of arms depicting three golden crowns with five spikes protruding from their tops all on a blue background
Druskininkai Municipality
Alytus Druskininkai 7002454000000000000454 square kilometres (112,185.84 acres; 175.29 sq mi) 24,044 53.0
A coat of arms depicting three yellow, diagonal lines zig-zagging from the bottom left to the top right on a grey background
Elektrėnai Municipality
Vilnius Elektrėnai 7002509000000000000509 square kilometres (125,776.64 acres; 196.53 sq mi) 27,622 54.3
A coat of arms depicting three white flowers lined up vertically with four yellow seeds surrounding each all on a blue background
Ignalina District Municipality
Utena Ignalina 70031447000000000001,447 square kilometres (357,561.49 acres; 558.69 sq mi) 19,374 13.4
A coat of arms depicting a white bird with wings outspread, a red beak, and red feet all on a dark blue background
Jonava District Municipality
Kaunas Jonava 7002944000000000000944 square kilometres (233,267.48 acres; 364.48 sq mi) 51,401 54.5
A coat of arms depicting an angel in full body armour and wings outspread while standing on a green dragon with a twisted tail
Joniškis District Municipality
Šiauliai Joniškis 70031152000000000001,152 square kilometres (284,665.40 acres; 444.79 sq mi) 29,310 25.4
A coat of arms depicting three grey fleurs-de-lis, two directly across from each other at the top and one on the bottom, all on a red background
Jurbarkas District Municipality
Tauragė Jurbarkas 70031507000000000001,507 square kilometres (372,387.81 acres; 581.86 sq mi) 34,213 22.7
A coat of arms depicting four grey horses with red eyes galloping both to the left and to the right all on a black background
Kaišiadorys District Municipality
Kaunas Kaišiadorys 70031087000000000001,087 square kilometres (268,603.55 acres; 419.69 sq mi) 35,334 32.5
A coat of arms depicting a grey castle on a red background on the left and a blue eye in a yellow triangle on the right
Kalvarija Municipality
Marijampolė Kalvarija 7002441000000000000441 square kilometres (108,973.47 acres; 170.27 sq mi) 13,162 29.8
A coat of arms depicting a white bull with an angry expression and a golden cross protruding from its head all on a red background
Kaunas City Municipality
Kaunas Kaunas 7002157000000000000157 square kilometres (38,795.54 acres; 60.62 sq mi) 348,624 2,220.5
A coat of arms depicting a grey bull's head with a golden cross protruding from the top all on a red crest on a blue background
Kaunas District Municipality
Kaunas Kaunas[nb 1] 70031496000000000001,496 square kilometres (369,669.65 acres; 577.61 sq mi) 90,196 60.3
A coat of arms depicting six yellow stars in a diagonal line running from the bottom left to the top right all on a black background
Kazlų Rūda Municipality
Marijampolė Kazlų Rūda 7002555000000000000555 square kilometres (137,143.49 acres; 214.29 sq mi) 14,189 25.6
A coat of arms depicting a black wing attached to a black tallon holding a white horseshoe attached to three yellow spurs
Kėdainiai District Municipality
Kaunas Kėdainiai 70031677000000000001,677 square kilometres (414,395.72 acres; 647.49 sq mi) 61,872 36.9
A coat of arms depicting a white wheel on a light blue background at the top and three white leaves on a green background at the bottom
Kelmė District Municipality
Šiauliai Kelmė 70031705000000000001,705 square kilometres (421,314.68 acres; 658.30 sq mi) 36,801 21.6
A coat of arms depicting a golden castle with three turrets surrounded with four golden stars all on a red background
Klaipėda City Municipality
Klaipėda Klaipėda 700198000000000000098 square kilometres (24,216.33 acres; 37.84 sq mi) 182,752 1,864.8
A coat of arms depicting a sword with a gold hilt and a silver blade penetrating a green wreath all on a red background
Klaipėda District Municipality
Klaipėda Gargždai 70031336000000000001,336 square kilometres (330,132.79 acres; 515.83 sq mi) 52,125 39.0
A coat of arms depicting a woman clothed in blue and brown wearing a golden crown and carrying a baby all on a grey background
Kretinga District Municipality
Klaipėda Kretinga 7002989000000000000989 square kilometres (244,387.22 acres; 381.86 sq mi) 45,103 45.6
A coat of arms depicting a black, six-pointed star on a golden background on the bottom and grey swirls on a blue background on the top
Kupiškis District Municipality
Panevėžys Kupiškis 70031080000000000001,080 square kilometres (266,873.81 acres; 416.99 sq mi) 22,369 20.7
A coat of arms depicting a golden moose with large antlers and a protruding red tongue hovering over three black keys
Lazdijai District Municipality
Alytus Lazdijai 70031309000000000001,309 square kilometres (323,460.94 acres; 505.41 sq mi) 24,246 18.5
A coat of arms depicting a man in full body armour riding a brown horse that is trampling a black dragon all on a yellow background
Marijampolė Municipality
Marijampolė Marijampolė 7002755000000000000755 square kilometres (186,564.56 acres; 291.51 sq mi) 68,303 90.5
A coat of arms depicting a golden arrow with a zig-zag in the middle of it pulled back on a golden bow all on a blue background
Mažeikiai District Municipality
Telšiai Mažeikiai 70031220000000000001,220 square kilometres (301,468.57 acres; 471.04 sq mi) 65,430 52.8
A coat of arms depicting a golden key on a red background at the top and three blue birds on a white background at the bottom
Molėtai District Municipality
Utena Molėtai 70031367000000000001,367 square kilometres (337,793.06 acres; 527.80 sq mi) 22,475 16.4
A coat of arms depicting a white "N" on a blue background at the bottom and a series of black and white shapes at the top
Neringa Municipality
Klaipėda Nida 700190000000000000090 square kilometres (22,239.48 acres; 34.75 sq mi) 3,682 40.9
A coat of arms depicting a grey bird with a golden eye and wings outstretched holding a golden key all on a green background
Pagėgiai Municipality
Tauragė Pagėgiai 7002537000000000000537 square kilometres (132,695.59 acres; 207.34 sq mi) 11,131 20.7
A coat of arms depicting a yellow windmill on a red crest hovering over a black bridge all on a yellow background
Pakruojis District Municipality
Šiauliai Pakruojis 70031316000000000001,316 square kilometres (325,190.68 acres; 508.11 sq mi) 26,561 20.2
A coat of arms depicting a circle for which the boundary is itself made up of beige circles all under a silver crown on a blue background
Palanga City Municipality
Klaipėda Palanga 700179000000000000079 square kilometres (19,521.33 acres; 30.50 sq mi) 17,645 223.4
A coat of arms depicting a red castle with black double doors, two black windows, and one central tower all standing on black ground
Panevėžys City Municipality
Panevėžys Panevėžys 700150000000000000050 square kilometres (12,355.27 acres; 19.31 sq mi) 111,959 2,239.2
A coat of arms depicting two grey sheaves of wheat on a blue background at the top and a red plowshare on a grey background at the bottom
Panevėžys District Municipality
Panevėžys Panevėžys[nb 1] 70032179000000000002,179 square kilometres (538,442.63 acres; 841.32 sq mi) 42,449 19.5
A coat of arms depicting the black head of a bull with a golden vine entangled in its black horns and a golden ring protruding from its nose
Pasvalys District Municipality
Panevėžys Pasvalys 70031289000000000001,289 square kilometres (318,518.84 acres; 497.69 sq mi) 31,718 24.6
A coat of arms depicting the Eye of Providence with a blue iris encapsulated in a golden triangle surrounded in golden rays all on a blue background
Plungė District Municipality
Telšiai Plungė 70031105000000000001,105 square kilometres (273,051.45 acres; 426.64 sq mi) 43,044 39.0
A coat of arms depicting a man in full body armour riding a brown horse that is tramplinga green dragon spewing red flames from its mouth
Prienai District Municipality
Kaunas Prienai 70031031000000000001,031 square kilometres (254,765.65 acres; 398.07 sq mi) 33,048 32.1
A coat of arms depicting a silver horse that is rearing and neighing all on a dark green background bordered by a thin silver line
Radviliškis District Municipality
Šiauliai Radviliškis 70031635000000000001,635 square kilometres (404,017.30 acres; 631.28 sq mi) 47,626 29.1
A coat of arms depicting a golden lynx with black spots, a red tongue, white teeth, and white claws standing on its back paws on green turf
Raseiniai District Municipality
Kaunas Raseiniai 70031573000000000001,573 square kilometres (388,696.77 acres; 607.34 sq mi) 40,656 25.8
A coat of arms depicting a golden lion holding a silver-bladed sword in its mouth with a golden hilt and standing on green turf all on a blue background
Rietavas Municipality
Telšiai Rietavas 7002586000000000000586 square kilometres (144,803.75 acres; 226.26 sq mi) 9,837 16.8
A coat of arms divided into four sections, the top left and bottom right of which are red, the bottom left of which is blue, and the top right of which is brown
Rokiškis District Municipality
Panevėžys Rokiškis 70031807000000000001,807 square kilometres (446,519.42 acres; 697.69 sq mi) 37,815 20.9
A coat of arms depicting a grey castle with three towers topped by crosses with a human head on the front door all on a blue background
Skuodas District Municipality
Klaipėda Skuodas 7002911000000000000911 square kilometres (225,113.00 acres; 351.74 sq mi) 23,123 25.4
A coat of arms depicting two grey sheaves of wheat on a red background on the left and six black, curved lines on a grey background on the right
Šakiai District Municipality
Marijampolė Šakiai 70031453000000000001,453 square kilometres (359,044.12 acres; 561.01 sq mi) 35,507 24.4
A coat of arms depicting a golden key overlapping a silver key on a blue background at the top and three golden nuts on a red background on the bottom
Šalčininkai District Municipality
Vilnius Šalčininkai 70031491000000000001,491 square kilometres (368,434.12 acres; 575.68 sq mi) 36,992 24.8
A coat of arms depicting a black bear with a silver collar on a red background on the left and a blue eye in a grey triangle on the right
Šiauliai City Municipality
Šiauliai Šiauliai 700181000000000000081 square kilometres (20,015.54 acres; 31.27 sq mi) 125,453 1,548.8
A coat of arms depicting an angry, grey bear with yellow claws and a long, red tongue gripping a yellow axe in its paws all on a blue background
Šiauliai District Municipality
Šiauliai Šiauliai[nb 1] 70031807000000000001,807 square kilometres (446,519.42 acres; 697.69 sq mi) 49,199 27.2
A coat of arms depicting five red leaves in a straight, horizontal row on a grey background at the top and five grey leaves on a red background at the bottom
Šilalė District Municipality
Tauragė Šilalė 70031188000000000001,188 square kilometres (293,561.19 acres; 458.69 sq mi) 29,486 24.8
A coat of arms depicting a grey boat hovering over two partitions of grey water that are themselves hovering over a grey horn all on a green-and-black background
Šilutė District Municipality
Klaipėda Šilutė 70031706000000000001,706 square kilometres (421,561.78 acres; 658.69 sq mi) 52,119 30.6
A coat of arms depicting a silver-bladed sword with a golden hilt standing erect between the silver antlers of a silver moose head
Širvintos District Municipality
Vilnius Širvintos 7002906000000000000906 square kilometres (223,877.48 acres; 349.81 sq mi) 18,629 20.6
A coat of arms depicting a silver fish swimming to the right on the top and another fish swimming to the left on the bottom all on a blue background
Švenčionys District Municipality
Vilnius Švenčionys 70031692000000000001,692 square kilometres (418,102.31 acres; 653.28 sq mi) 29,922 17.7
A coat of arms depicting a rounded, silver horn hung up by a rounded, silver strap all on a solid red background bordered by a black line
Tauragė District Municipality
Tauragė Tauragė 70031179000000000001,179 square kilometres (291,337.24 acres; 455.21 sq mi) 49,925 42.3
A coat of arms depicting a bishop in brown robes with a brown mitre on his head surrounded by a golden halo looking at another man
Telšiai District Municipality
Telšiai Telšiai 70031439000000000001,439 square kilometres (355,584.64 acres; 555.60 sq mi) 53,821 37.4
A coat of arms depicting a man in full body armour holding a white spear in his right hand and a red-and-yellow shield in his left hand
Trakai District Municipality
Vilnius Trakai 70031208000000000001,208 square kilometres (298,503.30 acres; 466.41 sq mi) 35,700 29.6
A coat of arms depicting an open book with a red rose on one page and a red bull on the other all hovering over a red heart with a building in the background
Ukmergė District Municipality
Vilnius Ukmergė 70031395000000000001,395 square kilometres (344,712.01 acres; 538.61 sq mi) 44,783 32.1
A coat of arms depicting a golden horseshoe hovering over a white, 8-point star all on a blue background bordered by a thin, black line
Utena District Municipality
Utena Utena 70031230000000000001,230 square kilometres (303,939.62 acres; 474.91 sq mi) 46,939 38.2
A coat of arms depicting a golden scarab with wings and legs outstretched flying over six purple flowers all on a blue background
Varėna District Municipality
Alytus Varėna 70032218000000000002,218 square kilometres (548,079.74 acres; 856.37 sq mi) 27,604 12.4
A coat of arms depicting a large, red fleur-de-lis that has a horizontal symmetry axis all on a blue background bordered by a black line
Vilkaviškis District Municipality
Marijampolė Vilkaviškis 70031259000000000001,259 square kilometres (311,105.68 acres; 486.10 sq mi) 47,204 37.5
A coat of arms depicting a white man with a white cape holding a golden staff and giving a ride to a white, golden-haloed child on his shoulder
Vilnius City Municipality
Vilnius Vilnius 7002401000000000000401 square kilometres (99,089.26 acres; 154.83 sq mi) 560,192 1,397.0
A coat of arms depicting a man in full body armour riding a black horse and carrying a white spear with a golden blade in his right hand
Vilnius District Municipality
Vilnius Vilnius[nb 1] 70032129000000000002,129 square kilometres (526,087.36 acres; 822.01 sq mi) 96,484 45.3
A coat of arms depicting a grey bird with a long, twisting neck, a yellow, pointy beak, and long yellow legs all on a dark blue background
Visaginas Municipality
Utena Visaginas 700158000000000000058 square kilometres (14,332.11 acres; 22.39 sq mi) 28,335 488.5
A coat of arms depicting a grey animal with the body of a fish and the head of a deer on a blue background at the top and a sword on the bottom
Zarasai District Municipality
Utena Zarasai 70031334000000000001,334 square kilometres (329,638.58 acres; 515.06 sq mi) 19,855 14.9

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e The administrative centers in these municipalities are located outside of the municipality proper.
General
Specific
  1. ^ a b "Timeline: Lithuania". BBC News. 17 November 2010. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Lithuania country profile". BBC News. 17 November 2010. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  3. ^ Conference on Local and Regional Authority Co-operation in the Baltic Sea Area: proceedings, Kaunas, Lithuania, 21-23, April 1999. Council of Europe. January 2000. p. 9. ISBN 978-92-871-4538-3. Retrieved 16 February 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c Jolanta Vaičiūnienė (2008-11-14). "The Administrative–Territorial Reform in Lithuania: History and Today". Council of Europe. Retrieved 16 February 2011. 
  5. ^ Local Economic and Employment Development (Program); Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (April 2007). Baltic partnerships: integration, growth and local governance in the Baltic Sea Region. OECD Publishing. p. 75. ISBN 978-92-64-02928-6. Retrieved 23 February 2011. 
  6. ^ Council of Europe (2007). State of human rights and democracy in Europe. Council of Europe. pp. 269–271. ISBN 978-92-871-6288-5. Retrieved 17 February 2011. 
  7. ^ a b Miluše Kindlová (2006). Constitutional law of 10 EU member states: the 2004 enlargement. Kluwer. pp. 603–604. ISBN 978-90-13-03468-4. Retrieved 17 February 2011. 
  8. ^ Municipality administrative centers and coats of arms are given by Statistics Lithuania in subpages under the Portrait of the Regions of Lithuania; e.g. Alytus town municipality.
  9. ^ a b c "M3010211: >>>Total area and population by administrative territory". Statistics Lithuania. Retrieved 16 February 2011.