Civic and Municipal Affairs Bureau

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Civic and Municipal Affairs Bureau
民政總署
Macao Edificio do Leal Senado.jpg
Area
 • Total 31.3 km2 (12.1 sq mi)
 • Water 0 km2 (0 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Total 542,200
 • Density 20,166/km2 (52,230/sq mi)
Time zone Macau Standard Time (UTC+8)
Website Civic and Municipal Affairs Bureau

The councils and assemblies of the municipalities of Macau were abolished on 1 January 2002, and their functions transferred to the Instituto para os Assuntos Cívicos e Municipais, slightly more than 2 years after Macau became a special administrative region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China. They had been put in place under the administration of Portugal.

The current administrative body is the Civic and Municipal Affairs Bureau (Portuguese: Instituto para os Assuntos Cívicos e Municipais, Traditional Chinese: 民政總署) under the Secretariat for Administration and Justice (Secretaria da Administração e Justiça) of the SAR government.

History[edit]

After the reunification with the People's Republic of China in 1999, these structures were kept provisionally in place: the Provisional Municipal Council of Macau (臨時澳門市政執行委員會, Câmara Municipal de Macau Provisória, officially in broken Portuguese, should be Câmara Municipal Provisória de Macau), the Provisional Municipal Council of the Islands (臨時海島市政執行委員會, Câmara Municipal das Ilhas Provisória, officially in broken Portuguese, should be Câmara Municipal Provisória das Ilhas), and the Provisional Municipal Assembly (Assembleia Municipal Provisória, 臨時市政議會) of each municipality.[1]

The Portuguese-era coat-of-arms, with two angels as heraldic supporters, was changed to a simpler design of a key with two birds as supporters.[2]

On 31 December 2001, all the provisional organs were dissolved and the new Civic and Municipal Affairs Bureau (Instituto para os Assuntos Cívicos e Municipais [IACM], 民政總署) took on the role of the provisional municipal councils, starting from 1 January 2002, under the Secretariat for Administration and Justice (Secretaria da Administração e Justiça) of the SAR government.[3][4]

The IACM was given a logo based on the Chinese Han character 民, for "civilian".

Freguesias[edit]

Freguesias of Macau

There are seven freguesias (sing. freguesia) also known as parishes in Macau. 5 Under Portuguese rule, they were administrative subdivisions of the municipalities. After 1999, they are still officially recognized but for symbolic reasons only.

Freguesia de Nossa Senhora de Fatima.PNG Freguesia de Nossa Senhora de Fátima
花地瑪堂區 (Yale: Fādeihmáhtòhng Kēui; Pinyin: Huādìmǎtáng Qū)
Freguesia de Santo Antonio.PNG Freguesia de Santo António
花王堂區 (Yale: Fāwòhngtòhng Kēui; Pinyin: Huāwángtáng Qū) or
聖安多尼堂區 (Yale: Singōndōnèihtòhng Kēui; Pinyin: Shèng'ānduōnítáng Qū)
Freguesia de Sao Lazaro.PNG Freguesia de São Lázaro
望德堂區 (Yale: Mohngdāktòhng Kēui; Pinyin: Wàngdétáng Qū)
Freguesia da Se.PNG Freguesia da Sé
大堂區 (Yale: Daaihtòhng Kēui; Pinyin: Dàtáng Qū)
Freguesia de Sao Lourenco.PNG Freguesia de São Lourenço
風順堂區 (Yale: Fūngseuhntòhng Kēui; Pinyin: Fēngshùntáng Qū) or
聖老愣佐堂區 (Yale: Singlóuhlihngjótòhng Kēui; Pinyin: Shènglǎolèngzuǒtáng Qū)
Freguesia da Nossa Senhora do Carmo.PNG Freguesia de Nossa Senhora do Carmo
嘉模堂區 (Yale: Gāmòuhtòhng Kēui; Pinyin: Jiāmútáng Qū)
Coterminous with the island of Taipa
Freguesia do Sao Francisco Xavier.PNG Freguesia de São Francisco Xavier
聖方濟各堂區 (Yale: Singfōngjaigoktòhng Kēui; Pinyin: Shèngfāngjìgètáng Qū)
coterminous with the island of Coloane
Other zones
Cotai.PNG Zona do Aterro de Cotai
路氹填海區 (Yale: Louhtáhm Tìhnhói Kēui; Pinyin: Lùdàng Tiánhǎi Qū)
The reclaimed land between the islands of Taipa and Coloane,
had not been assigned to any of the freguesias as of 2005.
University of Macau in Hengqin Campus
澳門大學橫琴校區 (Yale: Oumùhn Daaihhohk Wàahngkàhm Haauhkēui; Pinyin: Àomén Dàxué Héngqín Xiàoqū)
Also see: Hengqin

Historical divisions[edit]

Each municipality or concelho was run by a municipal council (câmara municipal), with a supervising municipal assembly (assembleia municipal).

The two municipalities (sing. município or concelho) of the Portuguese era, abolished in 2002, were:

Concelho de Macau.PNG Municipality of Macau
Concelho de Macau
澳門市 (Yale: Oumùhn Síh; Pinyin: Àomén Shì)
Coterminous with the Macau Peninsula.
Its seat was also known as Cidade do (Santo) Nome de Deus de Macau (= City of the (Holy) Name of God of Macau, full motto: Cidade do (Santo) Nome de Deus de Macau, Não Há Outra Mais Leal, lit. City of the (Holy) Name of God of Macau, None Is More Loyal)
Concelho das Ilhas.PNG Municipality of the Islands
Concelho das Ilhas
海島市 (Yale: Hóidóu Síh; Pinyin: Hǎidǎo Shì)
Coterminous with the islands of Taipa and Coloane.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Law 1/1999, Article 15
  2. ^ Law 6/1999, Article 16 and Annex XII
  3. ^ Law 17/2001
  4. ^ Administrative Regulation 32/2001

External links[edit]