Civic and Municipal Affairs Bureau

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Civic and Municipal Affairs Bureau
民政總署
Instituto para os Assuntos Cívicos e Municipais
Macao Edificio do Leal Senado.jpg
Area
 • Total 31.3 km2 (12.1 sq mi)
 • Water 0 km2 (0 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Total 542,200
 • Density 20,166/km2 (52,230/sq mi)
Time zone Macau Standard Time (UTC+8)
Website Civic and Municipal Affairs Bureau

The councils and assemblies of the municipalities of Macau were abolished on 1 January 2002, and their functions transferred to the Instituto para os Assuntos Cívicos e Municipais, slightly more than 2 years after Macau became a special administrative region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China. They had been put in place under the administration of Portugal.

The current administrative body is the Civic and Municipal Affairs Bureau (Portuguese: Instituto para os Assuntos Cívicos e Municipais, Traditional Chinese: 民政總署) under the Secretariat for Administration and Justice (Secretaria da Administração e Justiça) of the SAR government.

History[edit]

After the reunification with the People's Republic of China in 1999, these structures were kept provisionally in place: the Provisional Municipal Council of Macau (臨時澳門市政執行委員會, Câmara Municipal de Macau Provisória, officially in broken Portuguese, should be Câmara Municipal Provisória de Macau), the Provisional Municipal Council of the Islands (臨時海島市政執行委員會, Câmara Municipal das Ilhas Provisória, officially in broken Portuguese, should be Câmara Municipal Provisória das Ilhas), and the Provisional Municipal Assembly (Assembleia Municipal Provisória, 臨時市政議會) of each municipality.[1]

The Portuguese-era coat-of-arms, with two angels as heraldic supporters, was changed to a simpler design of a key with two birds as supporters.[2]

On 31 December 2001, all the provisional organs were dissolved and the new Civic and Municipal Affairs Bureau (Instituto para os Assuntos Cívicos e Municipais [IACM], 民政總署) took on the role of the provisional municipal councils, starting from 1 January 2002, under the Secretariat for Administration and Justice (Secretaria da Administração e Justiça) of the SAR government.[3][4]

The IACM was given a logo based on the Chinese Han character 民, for "civilian".

Freguesias[edit]

Freguesias of Macau

There are seven freguesias (sing. freguesia) also known as parishes in Macau. 5 Under Portuguese rule, they were administrative subdivisions of the municipalities. After 1999, they are still officially recognized but for symbolic reasons only.

Freguesia (Parish) and Zone 2013 Area (km²)[5] 2013 Population[6] Density (/km²)
Freguesia de Nossa Senhora de Fatima.PNG Nossa Senhora de Fátima (花地瑪) 3.2 237,500 74,218
Freguesia de Santo Antonio.PNG Santo António (花王 / 聖安多尼) 1.1 129,800 118,000
Freguesia de Sao Lazaro.PNG São Lázaro (望德) 0.6 33,100 55,166
Freguesia da Se.PNG (大) 3.4 52,200 15,352
Freguesia de Sao Lourenco.PNG São Lourenço (風順 / 聖老愣佐) 1.0 51,700 51,700
Freguesia da Nossa Senhora do Carmo.PNG Nossa Senhora do Carmo (氹仔 / 嘉模) 7.6 92,200 12,131
Freguesia do Sao Francisco Xavier.PNG São Francisco Xavier (路環/ 聖方濟各) 7.6 9,300 221
Cotai.PNG Cotai (路氹) 5.8 n/a n/a
UM Hengqin (澳大橫琴校园) 1.0* n/a n/a

Historical divisions[edit]

Each municipality or concelho was run by a municipal council (câmara municipal), with a supervising municipal assembly (assembleia municipal).

The two municipalities (sing. município or concelho) of the Portuguese era, abolished in 2002, were:

Concelho de Macau.PNG Municipality of Macau
Concelho de Macau
澳門市 (Yale: Oumùhn Síh; Pinyin: Àomén Shì)
Coterminous with the Macau Peninsula.
Its seat was also known as Cidade do (Santo) Nome de Deus de Macau (= City of the (Holy) Name of God of Macau, full motto: Cidade do (Santo) Nome de Deus de Macau, Não Há Outra Mais Leal, lit. City of the (Holy) Name of God of Macau, None Is More Loyal)
Concelho das Ilhas.PNG Municipality of the Islands
Concelho das Ilhas
海島市 (Yale: Hóidóu Síh; Pinyin: Hǎidǎo Shì)
Coterminous with the islands of Taipa and Coloane.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Law 1/1999, Article 15
  2. ^ Law 6/1999, Article 16 and Annex XII
  3. ^ Law 17/2001
  4. ^ Administrative Regulation 32/2001
  5. ^ "Estatístico: Área de solos das freguesias". Direcção dos Serviços de Cartografia e Cadastro de Macau. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Estatísticas: Demográficas e Estimativas da População". Direcção dos Serviços de Estatística e Censos de Macau. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 

External links[edit]