Municipalities of Republika Srpska

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Municipalities of Republika Srpska (light blue)

Under the "Law on Territorial Organization and Local Self-Government" adopted in 1994, Republika Srpska was divided into 80 municipalities. After the conclusion of the Dayton Peace Agreement, the law was amended in 1996 to reflect the changes to the entity's borders and now provides for the division of Republika Srpska into 63 municipalities.

List of Municipalities[edit]

Seal of Republika Srpska.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Republika Srpska

The following are the 63 municipalities of Republika Srpska:

  1. Banja Luka (City status)
  2. Berkovići
  3. Bijeljina (City status)
  4. Bileća
  5. Bratunac
  6. Brod
  7. Čajniče
  8. Čelinac
  9. Derventa
  10. Doboj (City status)
  11. Donji Žabar (was known as Srpsko Orašje)
  12. Foča (was known as Srbinje)
  13. Gacko
  14. Gradiška
  15. Han Pijesak
  16. Istočna Ilidža (was known as Srpska Ilidža)
  17. Istočni Drvar (was known as Srpski Drvar)
  18. Istočni Mostar (was known as Srpski Mostar)
  19. Istočno Novo Sarajevo (was known as Lukavica and Srpsko Novo Sarajevo)
  20. Istočni Stari Grad (was known as Srpski Stari Grad)
  21. Istočno Sarajevo (City status, was also known as Srpsko Sarajevo)
  22. Jezero
  23. Kalinovik
  24. Kneževo
  25. Kostajnica (was known as Srpska Kostajnica)
  26. Kotor Varoš
  27. Kozarska Dubica
  28. Krupa na Uni
  29. Kupres
  30. Laktaši
  31. Lopare
  32. Ljubinje
  33. Milići
  34. Modriča
  35. Mrkonjić Grad
  36. Nevesinje
  37. Novi Grad
  38. Novo Goražde (was known as Srpsko Goražde)
  39. Osmaci
  40. Oštra Luka (was known as Srpski Sanski Most)
  41. Pale
  42. Pelagićevo
  43. Petrovac
  44. Petrovo
  45. Prijedor (City status)
  46. Prnjavor
  47. Ribnik (was known as Srpski Ključ)
  48. Rogatica
  49. Rudo
  50. Sokolac
  51. Srbac
  52. Srebrenica
  53. Šamac
  54. Šekovići
  55. Šipovo
  56. Teslić
  57. Trebinje (City status)
  58. Trnovo
  59. Ugljevik
  60. Višegrad
  61. Vlasenica
  62. Vukosavlje
  63. Zvornik

Renamed Municipalities[edit]

On February 27, 2004, the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina issued an opinion declaring the names of certain municipalities in Republika Srpska to be in violation of the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina for the reason that the names "are not consistent with the constitutional principle of the equality of the constituent peoples in Bosnia and Herzegovina.[1]" Afterwards, the parliament of Republika Srpska accepted new names for the municipalities.[2] On September 22, 2004, the Court decided that the former names "be temporary replaced" with new names.[3] The following are the former and new names of the affected municipalities:

Old names Proposed by Constitutional Court Proposed by parliament
Srpski Drvar Istočni Drvar Istočni Drvar
Srpski Sanski Most Oštra Luka Oštra Luka
Srpski Mostar Istočni Mostar Istočni Mostar
Srpsko Goražde Ustiprača Novo Goražde
Srbinje Foča Foča
Srpski Ključ Ribnik Ribnik
Srpska Kostajnica Bosanska Kostajnica Kostajnica
Srpski Brod Bosanski Brod Brod
Srpska Ilidža Kasindo Istočna Ilidža
Srpsko Novo Sarajevo Lukavica Istočno Novo Sarajevo
Srpski Stari Grad Istočni Stari Grad Istočni Stari Grad
Srpsko Orašje Donji Žabar Donji Žabar

Former Municipalities[edit]

The Law on Territorial Organization and Local Self-Government was amended in 1996 to provide that certain municipalities whose territory was now completely or partially located in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina would "temporarily stop functioning." In addition, the parts of these former municipalities that were located in Republika Srpska (if any) were incorporated into other municipalities.

The following are the former municipalities of Republika Srpska:

  • Bihać
  • Centar Sarajevo
  • Glamoč (part included in Šipovo)
  • Gradačac (parts included in Modriča and Pelagićevo)
  • Grahovo (formerly Bosansko Grahovo)
  • Hadžići
  • Ilijaš (part included in Sokolac)
  • Konjic (parts included in Nevesinje)
  • Lukavac (parts included in Petrovo)
  • Maglaj (parts included in Doboj)
  • Olovo (parts included in Sokolac)
  • Rajlovac
  • Skelani (included in Srebrenica)
  • Srbobran (parts included in Šipovo) (formerly Donji Vakuf)
  • Srebrenik
  • Tuzla (parts included in Lopare)
  • Vogošća
  • Zavidovići

In addition, parts of the territory of the Kladanj municipality (not formerly a municipality of Republika Srpska) were included in Šekovici municipality.

Sarajevo[edit]

In 1993, Law on the Serb City of Sarajevo during the State of War or Immediate Danger of War was adopted providing that the Serb City of Sarajevo consisted of the following municipalities: Centar, Hadžići, Ilidža, Ilijaš, Novo Sarajevo, Stari Grad, Rajlovac, Vogošća, and Trnovo. Centar, Hadžići, Ilijaš, Rajlovac, and Vogošća were incorporated into the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The city now consists of the following six municipalities: Srpska Ilidža (name replaced by "Kasindo" in 2004), Srpsko Novo Sarajevo (name replaced by "Lukavica" in 2004), Pale, Sokolac, Srpski Stari Grad (name replaced by "Istočni Stari Grad" in 2004), and Trnovo.

In 1996, the name "Serb City of Sarajevo" was changed to "City of Srpsko Sarajevo". In 2004, the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina decided that the temporary name of the city would be decided that the former name of the city "be temporary replaced" with the name "City of Istočno (East) Sarajevo".

Brčko[edit]

A significant portion of the Brčko District (48% of its area) was created from Republika Srpska's territory. Republika Srpska controlled this territory until March 8, 2000 (see the History and Mandate of the OHR North/Brcko). When the Brčko District was created, Republika Srpska's territory within the District (as well as that of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina) became a shared territory of both entities. District Brčko's territory was defined as being shared by both entities as a condominium, but it was not placed under control of either of the two, and is hence under direct jurisdiction of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Republika Srpska's authorities never officially accepted the Brčko Arbitration result, but nevertheless had to comply.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 044-01 Decision English.ZIP U 044-01
  2. ^ Paljanske novine, #17: На гласачким листићима стари називи за 13 општина у РС
  3. ^ U 44-01

External links[edit]